PubMed | Sri Vijaya Hi Technology Hospitals, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research and Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cureus | Year: 2016
Inverted sinonasal papilloma (ISP) is a benign epithelial neoplasm arising from the Schneiderian membrane. We report a case of ISP in a 50-year-old male that clinically presented as a polypoid mass in the nasal cavity. Imaging studies revealed it to be an aggressive lesion showing intracranial extension. On histopathological examination of the excised specimen, a diagnosis of ISP was arrived at. However, an extensive sampling of the tissue revealed no evidence of any malignant transformation. Taking into account the suggested viral aetiology for such lesions and the aggressiveness observed in this case, human papillomavirus (HPV) profiling was done but it turned out to be negative. Only one other case of inverted sinonasal papilloma arising from the nasal cavity and involving the brain has been reported in the literature to date. Considering the alarming clinical course in spite of its benign nature, it is important for the pathologist and surgeon to be well informed about this lesion.
PubMed | Sri Ramachandra Dental College and Hospital, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research and Interns From KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2016
School textbooks have been considered as an effective platform for promoting oral health. The information on oral health in the Indian school textbooks has not been evaluated.The aim of this study was to evaluate the contents of school textbooks on oral health and to quantitatively analyze the school health camps and guest lectures/demonstrations conducted in the schools of three districts in Tamil Nadu.Twenty schools which participated in the study followed the Central Board of Secondary Education, matriculation, or the state board syllabus. A questionnaire was designed to collect information about the medical camps, dental camps, guest lectures, and demonstrations conducted in the last academic year from the schools. The questionnaires were distributed among the school teachers of grades I-V. They were asked to provide photocopies of the topics on oral health which were included in the syllabus. Content analysis of the information on oral health-related topics in the school textbooks was done. Descriptive statistics of the details of the camps and lectures was done using Pearsons Chi-square test (SPSS version 17) (SPSS Inc. Chicago, Illinois, USA).There was no significant difference in the number of medical camps (P = 0.445), dental camps (P = 0.055), and guest lectures (P = 0.069) organized among the three boards of schools. Basic information on the parts and type of teeth, tooth decay, and brushing were present in the textbooks of all three boards of schools.The school textbooks of all the three boards contained basic and adequate information on oral health. Periodic revisions of the content and quality of information in the school textbooks are essential. To make the information sticky for long-term, reinforcements in the form of school health education is needed.
PubMed | KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research and Narayana Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2017
Successful practice of pediatric dentistry depends on the establishment of a good relationship between the dentist and the child. Such a relationship is possible only through effective communication. Pediatric dentistry includes both an art and a science component. The focus has been mostly on the technical aspects of our science, and the soft skills we need to develop are often forgotten or neglected. This paper throws light on the communication skills we need to imbibe to be a successful pediatric dentist. A new terminology Pediatric Dentistese has been coined similar to motherese, parentese, or baby talk. Since baby talk cannot be applied to all age groups of children, pediatric dentistese has been defined as the proactive development-based individualized communication between the pediatric dentist and the child which helps to build trust, allay fear, and treat the child effectively and efficiently.
PubMed | Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Sree Anjaneya Institute of Dental science, Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research and Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016
Ameloblastoma holds a unique position among benign tumours by its locally destructive and invasive nature. Recently improvised molecular techniques helped researchers to unravel the myth behind such biologic behaviour. Though interesting findings have been delivered, the rhythmic correlation regarding the exact mechanism still remains lacking. Neurotrophins and their receptor mediated pathways play a crucial role in survival, death and differentiation of many neuroectoderm derived cells. With this background, the study has been aimed to investigate the expression of p75-NTR (Neurotrophin Receptor) in follicular and plexiform ameloblastoma.To analyze the immunohistochemical expression pattern of p75-NTR in ameloblastoma and to compare the immunohistochemical expression pattern of p75-NTR among the histological types of ameloblastoma, follicular and plexiform patterns.Total 22 ameloblastomas (12 follicular, 10 plexiform) were immuno-stained with anti-human p75-NTR mouse IgG monoclonal antibody and the pattern of staining is statistically analyzed.Only 11 (10 follicular, 1 plexiform) out of 22 ameloblastomas showed immuno-reactivity to p75-NTR. In ameloblastoma, only the peripheral pre-ameloblast like tall columnar cells showed reactivity whereas the stellate reticulum-like cells were immuno-negative. The staining pattern was membranous in the immuno-reactive cells. The results were studied with the downstream pathways from the literature and a possible mechanism has been proposed.The expression pattern of p75-NTR was found to be more in follicular ameloblastoma than plexiform.
PubMed | Salem College, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital and KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pediatric dentistry | Year: 2016
The purpose of the study was to assess and compare the changes in anxiety level and drug acceptance after intranasal and sublingual midazolam sedation.Forty three- to seven-year-olds were randomly assigned to Group A (N equals 20; 0.2 mg/kg intranasal midazolam sedation) or Group B (N equals 20; 0.2 mg/kg sublingual midazolam sedation) sedation. The anxiety levels at various time periods were assessed from recorded videos using the Venham clinical anxiety scale by two pediatric dentists. The acceptance of the drug administration was assessed using a four-point scale. The Wilcoxon signed rank test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis using SPSS 17.0 software.There was a significant decrease in anxiety level from baseline to 20 minutes after drug administration in Group A (P<0.001) and Group B (P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in the anxiety level between the two groups. The sublingual route of drug administration was better accepted (P=0.001) than the intranasal route of drug administration.Both intranasal and sublingual administrations of midazolam were equally effective in reducing the childs anxiety. The sublingual route of drug administration was better accepted than the intranasal route.
Elanchezhiyan S.,KSR Institute of Dental science and Research |
Renukadevi R.,KSR Institute of Dental science and Research |
Vennila K.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital
Lasers in Medical Science | Year: 2013
Laser-assisted surgery is common nowadays and most of the oral soft tissue surgical procedures are done with lasers. Among the commonly available lasers today, the diode laser is the one frequently used one in dentistry. Bleeding control, visibility, and better tissue manipulation are some of the advantages of the laser. This article addresses the management of hereditary ankyloglossia using the diode laser and conventional surgery in siblings. © 2012 Springer-Verlag London Ltd.
Mathew C.A.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research |
Maller S.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research |
Maheshwaran,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2013
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a common and important life-saving diagnostic tool in recent times, for diseases of the head and neck region. Dentists should be aware of the interactions of various restorative dental materials and different technical factors put to use by an MRI scanning machine. Specific knowledge about these impacts, at the dentist level and at the level of the personnel at the MRI centers can save valuable time for the patient and prevent errors in MRI images. Artifacts from metal restorations are a major hindrance at such times, as they result in disappearance or distortion of the image and loss of important information.
Mahabob N.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research |
Kumar S.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research |
Raja S.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2013
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a kind of inflammatory hyperplasia seen in the oral cavity. This term is a misnomer because the lesion is unrelated to infection. In reality it arises in response to various stimuli such as low-grade local irritation, traumatic injury or hormonal factors. It predominantly occurs in the second decade of life in young females possibly because of the vascular effects of female hormones. It is also called as pregnancy tumor because of its high frequency of occurrence during the early part of pregnancy. Even though, this lesion is non-neoplastic and treatment procedure is simple, it should be diagnosed correctly before proceeding with the treatment. The most common site for PGs is gingiva (75%) and rarely in the palate. In this case report, we are going to present very rare occurrence of pregnancy tumor in the hard palate.
Karthi M.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research |
Anbuselvan G.J.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research |
Kumar B.P.,Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences | Year: 2013
A case report is presented of a class III malocclusion with a class III skeletal pattern and maxillary retrusion. Patient, a 10-year-old boy was treated with an orthopedic face mask in conjunction with rapid maxillary expansion and standard pre-adjusted edgewise appliance. Treatment was completed after 3 years and proved to be stable following the active treatment.
PubMed | Mother Cell Regenerative Center and Ksr Institute Of Dental Science And Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of maxillofacial surgery | Year: 2016
Ameloblastoma is benign odontogenic tumor, which is locally aggressive in behavior. Till date, the treatment of choice is resection and reconstruction using a variety of modalities. Inadequate resection may lead to many complications such as bone deformity and dysfunction. This report is about a 14-year-old male with ameloblastoma treated with autologous dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and evidence of bone regeneration. Marsupialization was performed; tooth was extracted and sent for DPSC cultivation. On the day of surgery, SVF was processed from buccal pad of fat, and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) was prepared from patients peripheral blood. During the procedure, labial plate resection and curating of tumor lining were done. After which, a mesh packed with SyboGraft T-plug, prepared SVF, DPSCs, and PRF were placed over lingual cortex and pressure dressing was done. After the 1(st) month of surgery the postoperative course was uneventful, the wound shrinkage led to exposure of mesh in the intraoral region. Removal of exposed mesh was done. The correction surgery with removal of part of mesh and primary closure was achieved with SyboGraft plug, SVF and PRF. Enhanced bone formation was seen in post-operative OPG and CT Scan after 10(th) month. In this article, we propose an innovative approach to manage these cases by using a combination of autologous DPSC and buccal pad of fat SVF to regenerate a mandibular defect left by the resection of an ameloblastoma with 1.5 year follow-up. We were able to demonstrate bone regeneration using this technique with no recurrence of tumor.