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Toylan H.,Krklareli University | Kuscu H.,Trakya University
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2014

This study was focused on the multicolor space which provides a better specification of the color and size of the apple in an image. In the study, a real-time machine vision system classifying apples into four categories with respect to color and size was designed. In the analysis, different color spaces were used. As a result, 97% identification success for the red fields of the apple was obtained depending on the values of the parameter " a " of CIE L a b color space. Similarly, 94% identification success for the yellow fields was obtained depending on the values of the parameter y of CIE XYZ color space. With the designed system, three kinds of apples (Golden, Starking, and Jonagold) were investigated by classifying them into four groups with respect to two parameters, color and size. Finally, 99% success rate was achieved in the analyses conducted for 595 apples. © 2014 Hayrettin Toylan and Hilmi Kuscu.


Korpinar T.,Mus Alparslan University | Unluturk Y.,Krklareli University
General Relativity and Gravitation | Year: 2015

Anisotropic Bianchi type-I magnetized string cosmological models are obtained in decaying vacuum energy density proposed by Pradhan (Commun Theor Phys 55:931–941, 2011). In this study, we obtain some physical and geometrical properties of biharmonic particles of a new spacetime using Bianchi type-I (B-I) cosmological model. We use solution of the Einstein’s field equations for biharmonic particles. Some important features of the model have been discussed. Established the existence of string cosmological models for biharmonic particles, unlike the earlier authors, in this theory and studied some physical and geometrical properties. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Kibaroglu A.,Istanbul Science University | Gursoy S.I.,Krklareli University
Water International | Year: 2015

The interlinkage between water, energy and food security and its transboundary relevance is becoming increasingly important. The paper analyses the evolution of transboundary water resources management in the Euphrates–Tigris basin with specific reference to interlinkages between water, food and energy policies at national and transboundary levels, and it explores how the policy shifts at the highest decision-making level have served to produce synergies for cooperation among the riparians or vice versa. © 2015 International Water Resources Association.


Korkmaz G.G.,Krklareli University | Konukoglu D.,Istanbul University | Kurtulus E.M.,Istanbul University | Irmak H.,Istanbul University | And 2 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation | Year: 2013

Background. We investigated the ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs), prooxidants-antioxidants balance (PAB), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) concentrations in patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes mellitus (DM) and compared the results to those of normoglycemic individuals at baseline and 2 hours after glucose loading. Methods. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed on age-matched subjects (n = 110) with a body mass index (BMI) < 27 kg/m. Subjects were categorized as normoglycemic (n = 35), IFG (n = 25), IGT (n = 30) and DM (n = 20) according to the WHO criteria. The IMA, AOPP, PAB, FRAP concentrations were determined by colorimetric methods. Results. At baseline, the AOPP concentrations were significantly higher in subjects with IFG and DM compared to normoglycemic subjects (p < 0.01 for all cases). The IFG, IGT and DM patients had a significantly higher IMA at baseline when compared with the normoglycemic individuals (p < 0.001 for all cases). The IMA in IFG subjects was significantly elevated (p < 0.05), while in DM patients, the IMA was significantly decreased (p < 0.001) after glucose loading with respect to baseline concentrations. Following glucose loading, the PAB was significantly decreased from baseline concentrations in normoglycemic individuals (p < 0.001) and in the IFG (p < 0.001) and IGT (p < 0.001) patients. Conclusion. In subjects with impaired glucose metabolism, the hyperglycemia is associated with increased IMA, AOPP and PAB concentrations. Increased IMA in subjects with IFG and decreased FRAP concentrations in subjects with IGT after glucose loading suggests that an increase in glucose concentrations can lead to tissue damage by increasing oxidative stress. © 2013 Informa Healthcare.


Celen S.,Namk Kemal University | Aktas T.,Namk Kemal University | Karabeyoglu S.S.,Krklareli University | Akyildiz A.,Namk Kemal University
Drying Technology | Year: 2016

The purpose of this research is to investigate the drying kinetics and determine the suitable drying method of prina, which is obtained after pressing of olives in olive oil factories, and which cannot be used efficiently in certain sectors. Drying experiments were performed at drying temperatures of 60°C, 70°C, and 80°C at a fixed air velocity of 2 m/s using a hot air dryer and with microwave powers of 90 W, 360 W, and 600 W using a microwave dryer. The prina layer thicknesses were selected as 7, 9, and 11 mm for both drying methods. The minimum energy consumption values were measured as 42.0 Wh for 600 W power level and 7 mm layer thickness, and 10260 Wh for 7 mm layer thickness and 80°C temperatures. It was found that energy consumption during hot air drying was more than that of microwave drying. As a result, the suitable dryer and thickness of layer were selected as microwave dryer and 7 mm, respectively. The results of statistical analyses showed that the most suitable model to define the drying behavior of prina samples were found to be the Page model for the microwave dryer and Wang & Singh model for the hot air dryer. Also, penetration depth, the loss tangent value (tanδ), dielectric constant of material (ϵı), and dielectric loss factor (ϵıı) of dried prina were calculated as 34.51 cm, 0.1059, 75.65, and 8.01, at 2450 MHz, respectively. © 2016, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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