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Ranipool, India

Kumari M.,Junagadh Agricultural University | Dave R.,Krishi Vigyan Kendra KVK
Nutrition and Food Science

Purpose: The prevalence of diabetes has increased manifold and now become a public health problem from being mild disorder. There is a need to discover more effective and safer antidiabetic agents by utilizing the rich heritage of medicinal plants. Tannins are polyphenols that are obtained from various parts of different plants belonging to multiple species and considered as potential drugs for the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach: The study was conducted in three phases: incorporation of Babul powder in biscuits: assessment of Glycemic Index (GI): suitability of Babul powder on diabetic subjects statistical analysis: area under curve (AUC) for increase in blood glucose was calculated by trapezoidal rule and means were tested for significance by paired t-test. Mean glucose levels of all subjects were calculated for each time point. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Findings: Tannins are polyphenols that are obtained from various parts of different plants belonging to multiple species. As an indigenous plant of Rajasthan, Babul contains high amount of tannin levels ranging from 18 to 27 percent in deseeded pods from ssp. indica, whereas ssp. nilotica reached up to 50 percent. Hence, Babul was selected as the source of tannin and subjected to diabetics for its suitability. The study concluded that Babul powder is effective in management of blood glucose levels even the simple sugars also and can be considered as suitable for diabetics. The active component for the purpose may be the presence of tannin in the Babul. Research limitations/implications: The study was conducted on limited number of subjects. A confirmation study is suggested on the diabetic population. Originality/value: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly rising all over the globe at an alarming rate. Over few decades, the status of diabetes has changed from being considered as a mild disorder of the elderly to one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality affecting the youth and middle-aged people. Therefore, the present study focused on the development of tannin-based nutraceutical for incorporation in common foods and its health-promoting effect on diabetes. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Pathak P.K.,Krishi Vigyan Kendra KVK | Nath B.G.,Sikkim Center | Mohanty A.K.,Krishi Vigyan Kendra KVK | Tripathi A.K.,KVK Inc | Ngachan S.V.,ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region
Asian Agri-History

A study was conducted to determine the production and management of village chicken in Dzongu (tribal area) in Sikkim, India. Selection of respondents of poultry farmers was done on the basis of simple random technique. In total, 120 respondents were selected from the area and data were collected through a standard questionnaire. Majority of the farmers kept up to five cocks and six to ten hens. Birds attain sexual maturity at the age of 6-7 months for male and 5-6 months for female. Average egg laying per year was 45-55 nos. and length between two laying cycles was 2-3 months. Improvement of village chicken in Sikkim was important to increase the productive performance of local chicken. Low growth intensity, low rate of laying, high mortality of one-day-old chicks, non-availability of medicines and vaccines, lack of market for birds and eggs, etc. were the major constraints faced by the poultry farmers. The present study viewed that village chicken development is necessary to improve the livelihood of rural farmers in Sikkim. Source

Baba Z.A.,Regional Research Station | Aziz M.A.,Krishi Vigyan Kendra KVK | Sheikh T.A.,Mountain Live Stock research Institute | Sheikh F.A.,SKUAST Kashmir | And 4 more authors.
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture

A comperative study of organically and conventionally managed soils under beans was conducted to ascertain the physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of these soils. Average values of physicochemical and microbiological parameters of the rhizosphere soil samples from the selected districts were compared with the bean rhizosphere soils of the organic farm of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology of Kashmir India. The results revealed that the soil of the organic farm has significantly higher content of organic carbon (1.04%), available Nitrogen, (298.7 kgha-1) phosphorus (16.72 kgha-1), potassium (296.30 kgha-1), dehydrogenase activity (68.7μg TPF/24 hr g-1 soil), total viable bacteria (78.90×106 cfu g-1 soil), fungi (48.73×103 cfu g-1 soil), actinomycete (27.20×103 cfu g-1 soil), phosphate solubilizing bacteria (18.30×105 cfu g-1 soil) and mycorrhizal spores (4.10 spores g-1 soil) followed by that of district Kupwara rhizosphere soils with organic carbon (0.97%), available Nitrogen (293.0 kg ha-1), phosphorus (15.81 kg ha-1), potassium (252.3 kg ha-1), dehydrogenase activity (62.7 μg TPF/24 hr g-1 soil), total viable bacteria (72.60×106 cfu g-1 soil), fungi (45.76×103 cfu g-1 soil), actinomycete (24.3×103 cfu g-1 soil), phosphate solubilizing bacteria (14.8×105 cfu g-1 soil) and mycorrhizal spores (3.8 spores g-1 soil). Rhizobium bacteria were also isolated from the effective nodules of the bean plants grown at different places of various districts in Kashmir valley, India. These isolates after identification were screened for the production of IAA, GA and siderophores. The isolate (Rhizobium phaseoli OF) from Organic farm was found most promising by producing 39.20 μl,162 μl, and 24 μl of IAA, GA and siderophor respectively followed by 37.5 μl, 153 μl, and 21 μl of IAA, GA and siderophor respectively from the isolate obtained from rhizosphere soils of Kupwara district. The isolate (Rhizobium phaseoli OF) was used in combination with three levels of fertilizer nitrogen (0, 20 and 40 kg ha-1) in a field experiment with beans as experimental crop and five replications by adopting RBD design to study the impact on various plant growth and yield attributing features like number of pods per plant, pod weight and number of nodules. Nitrogen uptake, apparent nitrogen recovery and percent soil nitrogen utilization was also estimated. Maximum number of pods (12 plant-1) was recorded under the treatments T5 and T6. Significantly maximum pod weight (5.96 g) and number of nodules (60.45 plant-1) was observed under the treatment T5. Treatments T5 and T6 were at par with respect to nitrogen uptake in grains (63 and 64 kg ha-1), plant biomass (84 kg ha-1) and total N uptake (147 and 148 kg ha-1) by plant. Maximum apparent nitrogen recovery (210) and percent soil nitrogen utilization (46.37) was recorded from the treatment T5. Source

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