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Bratislava, Slovakia

Jurkovicova D.,KRD Molecular Technologies Ltd | Lukackova R.,MEDIREX a. s | Magyerkova M.,KRD Molecular Technologies Ltd | Kulcsar L.,KRD Molecular Technologies Ltd | And 4 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2015

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder of hematopoietic stem cells carrying Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome and the oncogenic BCR-ABL1 fusion gene. microRNAs (miRNAs) belong to hematopoiesis transcription regulators and their deregulated expression associates with pathogenesis of CML. The current study assesses and validates expression profiles of selected oncogenic and tumor suppressing miRNAs that are associated with different imatinib mesylate (IM) response in CML patients carrying rare BCR-ABL variants. Microarray analysis has identified different expression of 70 miRNAs (46 up- and 24 down-regulated) when compared IM-resistant with IM-responsive patients carrying Ph chromosome. Significantly up-regulated expression of oncogenic miRNAs (miR-17, miR-18a, miR-20a, miR-21, miR-27a and miR-155) and significantly down-regulated expression of tumor supressing mRNAs (let-7d, miR-205, miR-320, miR-451 and miR-574) in IM-resistant compared to IM-responsive patients was confirmed and validated by qRT-PCR. This study confirms the involvement of the selected oncogenic and tumor suppressing miRNAs in CML pathogenesis and IM response and suggests that these miRNAs could be suitable biomarkers for differential diagnosis of CML patients carrying rare BCR-ABL transcripts, as well as for prediction of their IM response and therapy outcome. © 2015, Cancer Research Institute Slovak Acad. of Sciences. All rights reserved. Source

Jurkovicova D.,KRD Molecular Technologies Ltd | Magyerkova M.,KRD Molecular Technologies Ltd | Kulcsar L.,KRD Molecular Technologies Ltd | Krivjanska M.,KRD Molecular Technologies Ltd | And 5 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2014

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that have emerged as potent regulators of the target genes messenger RNAs expression in the response of cell to both physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Reflecting pathological processes today, miRNAs are widely validated for their potential role in diagnostic, prognostic and novel therapeutic targeting for cancerous and other diseases. miR-155 is considered as a typical multifunctional miRNA including its role as oncomiR (cancer-associated miRNA). Expression of miR-155 is upregulated in cells with high proliferative activity and decreased apoptotic capability. It belongs to cluster of well-characterized tumor associated miRNAs detectable also in the peripheral blood. In this review we summarize the principles of miR-155 host gene expressional regulation, as well as its role in regulation of the target genes mRNAs. Altered expression of miR-155 has been described in multiple cancerous and other diseases, reflecting staging, progress and treatment outcomes. Therefore, miR-155 became a potential biomarker and candidate for clinical utilization as predictor of the presence of cancer, its staging and prognosis. Source

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