KPC Medical College and Hospital

Jadavpur, India

KPC Medical College and Hospital

Jadavpur, India
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DebMandal M.,KPC Medical College and Hospital | Mandal S.,Gurudas College
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2011

Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is a tree that is cultivated for its multiple utilities, mainly for its nutritional and medicinal values. The various products of coconut include tender coconut water, copra, coconut oil, raw kernel, coconut cake, coconut toddy, coconut shell and wood based products, coconut leaves, coir pith etc. Its all parts are used in someway or another in the daily life of the people in the traditional coconut growing areas. It is the unique source of various natural products for the development of medicines against various diseases and also for the development of industrial products. The parts of its fruit like coconut kernel and tender coconut water have numerous medicinal properties such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, antidermatophytic, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective, immunostimulant. Coconut water and coconut kernel contain microminerals and nutrients, which are essential to human health, and hence coconut is used as food by the peoples in the globe, mainly in the tropical countries. The coconut palm is, therefore, eulogised as 'Kalpavriksha' (the all giving tree) in Indian classics, and thus the current review describes the facts and phenomena related to its use in health and disease prevention. © 2011 Hainan Medical College.

Chattopadhyay C.,KPC Medical College and Hospital | Chakrabarti N.,NRS Medical College and Hospital
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2012

Background: Cutaneous drug reactions are a common impediment in therapy, the incidence ranging from 2% to 8%. This cross-sectional study was designed to compare different trends of cutaneous drug reaction in two different socioeconomic groups of patients in the same region. Aims: The aim was to evaluate common drugs implicated in causing reactions, describe the adverse cutaneous drug reactions, study the characteristics of patients presenting with the reactions. Study Design: This is an observational study of cross-sectional type. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery in a Private dental College and department of General Medicine in a Medical College only on outdoor basis for 3 years. Out of 2000 patients observed in each college for their necessary treatment 75 patients in the dental College and 200 patients in the Medical College were reported to have various types of cutaneous drug reactions. Diagnosis was based on detailed history including temporal correlation between drug intake and onset of rash and thorough clinical examination Apart from history of drug intake, information regarding associated other allergy, comorbidity and severity (whether hospitalization was required or not) was recorded. Rechallenge with the drug was not possible due to ethical problem. Results: Out of 2000 patients observed in each college 75 patients in dental College and 200 patients in Medical College were documented to have different kinds of cutaneous drug reactions. A total of 30 were male and 45 female in dental college whereas 90 male and 110 female patients were enrolled in Medical College. The age group of the patients in both the colleges ranged from 18 to 75 years. Common culprits observed in this study were antibiotics and NSAIDs. They had contributed 53% and 40% of the total skin reactions respectively in dental college and 47.5% and 45% in Medical College. We encountered 6 patients of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 20 patients with allergic rhinitis and 12 patients with bronchial asthma in the whole proceedings. The duration of drug intake varied from 15 minutes to 2 weeks. The most common reaction noted was maculopapular rash 37 (50.5%), urticaria 15 (20%), fixed drug eruption (FDR) 15 (20%), angioedema 6 (8%) in dental College whereas a little different trend was observed in the medical college. Hospitalization was required in two cases of Steven-Johnson syndrome caused by NSAIDS in the dental College whereas 11 patients were hospitalized for the same indication in the medical College. Except for maculopapular rash, all other skin reactions were observed more frequently with NSAIDS in dental College whereas Steven-Johnson syndrome is predominantly observed in Medical College with anticonvulsants. In all the cases causative drugs were withdrawn. A total 40% of the patients required only antihistaminic, 35% required antihistaminic and topical corticosteroid and rest required a combination of antihistaminic, oral and topical corticosteroids. Conclusion: Commonest drugs causing drug reactions are antibiotics mainly beta lactams and quinolones. Severe reactions were seen in our series with anticonvulsants and NSAIDS. Association with other diseases could not be inferred due to this modest patient pool.

Mandal S.,Gurudas College | Deb Mandal M.,KPC Medical College and Hospital
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2012

This review represents an updated scenario on the transmission cycle, epidemiology, clinical features and pathogenicity, diagnosis and treatment, and prevention and control measures of a cestode parasite Echincoccus granulosus (E. granulosus) infection causing cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans. Human CE is a serious life-threatening neglected zoonotic disease that occurs in both developing and developed countries, and is recognized as a major public health problem. The life cycle of E. granulosus involves a definitive host (dogs and other canids) for the adult E. granulosus that resides in the intestine, and an intermediate host (sheep and other herbivores) for the tissue-invading metacestode (larval) stage. Humans are only incidentally infected; since the completion of the life cycle of E. granulosus depends on carnivores feeding on herbivores bearing hydatid cysts with viable protoscoleces, humans represent usually the dead end for the parasite. On ingestion of E. granulosus eggs, hydatid cysts are formed mostly in liver and lungs, and occasionally in other organs of human body, which are considered as uncommon sites of localization of hydatid cysts. The diagnosis of extrahepatic echinococcal disease is more accurate today because of the availability of new imaging techniques, and the current treatments include surgery and percutaneous drainage, and chemotherapy (albendazole and mebendazole). But, the wild animals that involve in sylvatic cycle may overlap and interact with the domestic sheep-dog cycle, and thus complicating the control efforts. The updated facts and phenomena regarding human and animal CE presented herein are due to the web search of SCI and non-SCI journals. © 2012 Hainan Medical College.

Chakrabarti N.,NRS Medical College and Hospital | Chattopadhyay C.,KPC Medical College and Hospital
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2012

We present here the case of a young Indian male with slowly progressive, diffuse darkening of the face, arms, neck, and trunk. The patient was not taking any medication and there was no history of any previous skin disease and the mucous membrane was not involved. These findings are consistent with a diagnosis for ashy dermatosis of unknown etiology.

Taraphdar D.,ID and BG Hospital Campus | Sarkar A.,ID and BG Hospital Campus | Mukhopadhyay B.B.,KPC Medical College and Hospital | Chatterjee S.,ID and BG Hospital Campus
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2012

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) are circulating individually in the state of West Bengal, India. However, after 1965 the dual-infection caused by both viruses had not been recorded until 2010. In 2010, an investigation of the febrile cases was carried out to confirm the involvement of both viruses simultaneously. A total of 550 blood samples were tested for the detection of immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody against both CHIKV and DENV. Serology by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method confirmed that 131 (23.8%) and 104 (18.9%) patients had IgM antibody against CHIKV and DENV, respectively, whereas 68 (12.4%) had IgM antibodies against both CHIKV and DENV. Fever, joint pain, rashes, headache, myalgia, and nausea/vomiting are the common features in the case of both monotypic and dual-infection. Severe arthralgia and swelling of joints were common only in CHIKVpositive cases and abdominal pain was mainly associated with DENV infection. Diarrhea was reported only by the dualinfected patients (16.2%). Copyright © 2012 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Praharaj S.K.,Central Institute of Psychiatry | Jana A.K.,KPC Medical College and Hospital | Goyal N.,Central Institute of Psychiatry | Sinha V.K.,Central Institute of Psychiatry
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2011

Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic that is useful in schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder, but its use is associated with troublesome weight gain and metabolic syndrome. A variety of pharmacological agents has been studied in the efforts to reverse weight gain induced by olanzapine, but current evidence is insufficient to support any particular pharmacological approach. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of metformin for the treatment of olanzapine-induced weight gain. Systematic review of the literature revealed 12 studies that had assessed metformin for antipsychotic-induced weight gain. Of these, four studies (n= 105) met the review inclusion criteria and were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis was performed to see the effect size of the treatment on body weight, waist circumference and body-mass index (BMI). Weighted mean difference (WMD) for body weight was 5.02 (95% CI 3.93, 6.10) kg lower with metformin as compared with placebo at 12 weeks. For waist circumference, the test for heterogeneity was significant (P= 0.00002, I2= 85.1%). Therefore, a random effects model was used to calculate WMD, which was 1.42 (95% CI 0.29, 3.13) cm lower with metformin as compared with placebo at 12 weeks. For BMI, WMD was 1.82 (95% CI 1.44, 2.19) kgm-2 lower with metformin as compared with placebo at 12 weeks. Existing data suggest that short term modest weight loss is possible with metformin in patients with olanzapine-induced weight gain. © 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology © 2011 The British Pharmacological Society.

Mandal S.,Gurudas College | Mandal M.D.,KPC Medical College and Hospital | Pal N.K.,Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2011

Cholera, caused by the infection of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) to humans, is a life threatening diarrheal disease with epidemic and pandemic potential. The V. cholerae, both O1 and O139 serogroups, produce a potent enterotoxin (cholera toxin) responsible for the lethal symptoms of the disease. The O1 serogroup has two biotypes (phenotypes), classical and El Tor; each of which has two major serotypes (based on antigenic responses), Ogawa and Inaba and the extremely rare Hikojima. V. cholerae O1 strains interconvert and switch between the Ogawa and Inaba serotypes. Fluid and electrolyte replacement is the mainstay of treatment of cholera patients; the severe cases require antibiotic treatment to reduce the duration of illness and replacement of fluid intake. The antibiotic therapy currently has faced difficulties due to the rapid emergence and spread of multidrug resistant V. cholerae causing several outbreaks in the globe. Currently, cholera has been becoming endemic in an increasing number of geographical areas, reflecting a failure in implementation of control measures. However, the current safe oral vaccines lower the number of resistant infections and could thus represent an effective intervention measure to control antibiotic resistance in cholera. Overall, the priorities for cholera control remain public health interventions through improved drinking water, sanitation, surveillance and access to health care facilities, and further development of safe, effective and appropriate vaccines. Thus, this review describes the facts and phenomena related to the disease cholera, which is still a great threat mainly to the developing countries, and hence a grave global concern too. © 2011 Hainan Medical College.

Bhattacharya S.M.,KPC Medical College and Hospital
The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research | Year: 2011

Our objective was to study the prevalence and risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) among adolescent Indian girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), compared to those without, as per the recent 'joint interim statement' criteria. We also aimed to compare the selected study parameters across PCOS adolescents with and without MS. Cross-sectional data of 96 adolescent girls were retrospectively analyzed applying the 2009 'joint interim criteria' for MS. Fifty-one of them were diagnosed with PCOS as per the Androgen excess society criteria 2006. The remaining 45 adolescent girls (no androgen excess manifestations and regular cycles) formed the comparison group. The prevalence of MS among adolescents with PCOS (60.78%; 95% CI = 50.78%, 70.78%) was significantly more compared to those without (P = 0.002). The odds ratio of MS among PCOS adolescents was 4.26 (95% CI = 1.79, 10.15). Only the mean waist circumference differed significantly between the PCOS and non-PCOS groups (P = 0.046). Interestingly, the contrast between the MS and non-MS subgroups of the PCOS adolescent sample produced significant differences in body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure and biochemical parameters such as fasting plasma glucose, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Adolescent Indian girls with PCOS were reported to have 4.26 times more chances of developing MS compared to those without. Waist circumference was found to be the cheapest and simplest significant marker of MS. The study underlines the need for routine screening of MS among adolescent girls suffering from PCOS to reduce future co-morbidities. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2011 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Mandal M.D.,KPC Medical College and Hospital | Mandal S.,Gurudas College
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2011

Indeed, medicinal importance of honey has been documented in the world's oldest medical literatures, and since the ancient times, it has been known to possess antimicrobial property as well as wound-healing activity. The healing property of honey is due to the fact that it offers antibacterial activity, maintains a moist wound condition, and its high viscosity helps to provide a protective barrier to prevent infection. Its immunomodulatory property is relevant to wound repair too. The antimicrobial activity in most honeys is due to the enzymatic production of hydrogen peroxide. However, another kind of honey, called non-peroxide honey (viz., manuka honey), displays significant antibacterial effects even when the hydrogen peroxide activity is blocked. Its mechanism may be related to the low pH level of honey and its high sugar content (high osmolarity) that is enough to hinder the growth of microbes. The medical grade honeys have potent in vitro bactericidal activity against antibiotic-resistant bacteria causing several life-threatening infections to humans. But, there is a large variation in the antimicrobial activity of some natural honeys, which is due to spatial and temporal variation in sources of nectar. Thus, identification and characterization of the active principle(s) may provide valuable information on the quality and possible therapeutic potential of honeys (against several health disorders of humans), and hence we discussed the medicinal property of honeys with emphasis on their antibacterial activities. © 2011 Asian Pacific Tropical Biomedical Magazine.

Mandal S.,Bacteriology and Serology Unit | Mandal M.D.,KPC Medical College and Hospital | Pal N.K.,Bacteriology and Serology Unit
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2012

Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial activity of Ocimum sanctum (O. sanctum) leaf extract, alone, and in combination with chloramphenicol (C) and trimethoprim (Tm) against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. typhi). Methods: The antibacterial activity of ethanolic extract of tulsi, O. sanctum, leaf (TLE; 500 μg) for 23 S. typhi isolates was determined following agar diffusion. The C (30 μg) and Tm (5 μg) activity alone and in combination with TLE (250 μg) was determined by disk diffusion. The zone diameter of inhibition (ZDI) for the agents was recorded, and growth inhibitory indices (GIIs) were calculated. Results: The S. typhi isolates (n=23), which were resistant to both C (ZDI 6 mm) and Tm (ZDI 6 mm), had TLE (500 μg) ZDIs 16-24 mm. The ZDIs of C and Tm were increased up to 15-21 mm and 17-23 mm, respectively, when TLE (250 μg) was added to the C and Tm discs. The GIIs ranged 0.789-1.235 and 0.894-1.352, due to combined activity against S. typhi isolates, of C and TLE and Tm and TLE, respectively. Conclusions: The data suggest that TLE, in combination with C and Tm, had synergistic activity for S. typhi isolates, and hence O. sanctum is potential in combating S. typhi drug resistance, as well promising in the development of non-antibiotic drug for S. typhi infection. © 2012 Hainan Medical College.

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