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Nagano-shi, Japan

Patent
Kotobuki Pharmaceutical Co. and Astellas Pharma Inc. | Date: 2013-02-26

Provided is a compound useful as a prophylactic and/or therapeutic agent for bladder cancer. As a result of studies on compounds having FGFR inhibitory action, the present inventors have found that the nitrogen-containing aromatic heterocyclic compounds of the present invention have inhibitory action on FGFR1, FGFR2, and/or FGFR3, particularly, mutant FGFR3, and thus, the present invention has been accomplished. The nitrogen-containing aromatic heterocyclic compound of the present invention can be used as a therapeutic agent for various cancers related to FGFR1, FGFR2, and/or FGFR3, such as lung cancer and hormone therapy-resistant breast cancer, stomach cancer, triple negative breast cancer, endometrial cancer, bladder cancer, and glioblastoma, particularly as a prophylactic and/or therapeutic agent for mutant FGFR3-positive bladder cancer.


Patent
Astellas Pharma Inc. and Kotobuki Pharmaceutical Co. | Date: 2014-08-29

Provided is a compound useful as an inhibitor against the kinase activity of EML4-ALK fusion protein. As a result of intensive and extensive studies on compounds having inhibitory activity against the kinase activity of EML4-ALK fusion protein, the present inventors found that the diamino heterocyclic carboxamide compounds of the present invention had inhibitory activity against the kinase activity of EML4-ALK fusion protein. By this finding, the present invention was completed. The compounds of the present invention can be used as a pharmaceutical composition for preventing and/or treating cancer, such as lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and small cell lung cancer.


Tahara A.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Kurosaki E.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Yokono M.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Yamajuku D.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2012

Sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 plays an important role in renal glucose reabsorption, and inhibition of renal SGLT2 activity represents an innovative strategy for the treatment of hyperglycemia in diabetic patients. The present study investigated the antidiabetic effects of ipragliflozin, a SGLT2-selective inhibitor, in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced mildly diabetic mice, which exhibited a mild decline in glucose tolerance associated with the loss of early-phase insulin secretion. Oral administration of ipragliflozin increased urinary glucose excretion in a dose-dependent manner, an effect which was significant at doses of 0.3 mg/kg or higher and lasted over 12 h. In addition, ipragliflozin dose-dependently improved hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance with concomitant decreases in plasma insulin levels without causing hypoglycemia. Once-daily dosing of ipragliflozin (0.1-3 mg/kg) for 4 weeks attenuated hyperglycemia, glucose intolerance, and impaired insulin secretion. These results suggest that the SGLT2-selective inhibitor ipragliflozin increases urinary glucose excretion by inhibiting renal glucose reabsorption, improves hyperglycemia in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced mildly diabetic mice, and may be useful for treating type 2 diabetes. © The Japanese Pharmacological Society. Source


Yokono M.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Yokono M.,Juntendo University | Takasu T.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Hayashizaki Y.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | And 11 more authors.
European Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Ipragliflozin is a novel and selective sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor that induces sustained increases in urinary glucose excretion by inhibiting renal glucose reabsorption and thereby exerting a subsequent antihyperglycemic effect. Here, we examined the effect of ipragliflozin on body weight in high-fat diet-induced (HFD) obese rats. Treatment of ipragliflozin (10 mg/kg once daily) reduced body weight despite a slight increase in food intake. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography demonstrated that the reduction in body weight was accompanied by reduced visceral and subcutaneous fat masses but not lean mass or bone mineral content. Analysis of plasma and urinary parameters suggested the possibility that ipragliflozin enhanced lipolysis and fatty acid oxidation, and indirect calorimetry showed that ipragliflozin decreased the heat production rate from glucose but increased the rate from fat and lowered the respiratory exchange ratio. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that ipragliflozin-induced urinary glucose excretion specifically reduces fat mass with steady calorie loss by promoting the use of fatty acids instead of glucose as an energy source in HFD rats. By improving hyperglycemia and promoting weight reduction, ipragliflozin may prove useful in treating type 2 diabetes in obese individuals. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Tahara A.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Kurosaki E.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Yokono M.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | Yamajuku D.,Astellas Pharma Inc. | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Objective Sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 plays an important role in renal glucose reabsorption and has been highlighted as a therapeutic target for the treatment of diabetes. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effects of SGLT2 selective inhibitor ipragliflozin in type 1 diabetic rats. Methods Type 1 diabetic rats were prepared by intravenous administration of streptozotocin (STZ). Ipragliflozin was acutely or chronically administered, and therapeutic effects were investigated. Key findings Single administration of ipragliflozin significantly increased urinary glucose excretion, and its effect lasted over 12 h. In addition, ipragliflozin improved glucose tolerance and sustainably reduced hyperglycaemia. Repeated administration of ipragliflozin to diabetic rats for 4 weeks significantly improved not only hyperglycaemia, but also hyperlipidaemia and hepatic steatosis with concomitant increases in urinary glucose excretion. In addition, ipragliflozin ameliorates renal glomerular hyperfiltration and albuminuria. Further, ipragliflozin reduced liver levels of oxidative stress biomarkers and plasma levels of inflammatory markers, and improved liver injury as assessed by plasma levels of aminotransferases. Conclusion These results suggest that SGLT2 selective inhibitor ipragliflozin exerts a beneficial effect on glycaemic control and ameliorates diabetes-associated metabolic abnormalities and complications in STZ-induced diabetic rats, and would be a potential agent for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. © 2014 Royal Pharmaceutical Society. Source

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