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Ashwini,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Shankar V.N.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Praveena V.,Cure and Care Center | Amingad B.B.,Hassan Medical College
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology | Year: 2014

Ultrasound has been introduced into the medical field around 1940s, since than it has been widely used. It has been found many adherents in the fields of ophthalmology and obstetrics and gynecology. It has proved invaluable in cardiology and abdominal diseases. In recent years, the role of ultrasonography in the head and neck has expanded dramatically. It is used in establishing differential diagnosis of cystic neck masses, solid masses and lymphadenopathies. It not only serves for the differentiation between benign and malignant lymphadenopathy and also between intraglandular and extraglandular abnormalities of the salivary glands, with 90-95% accuracy. © 2013 Asian AOMS, ASOMP, JSOP, JSOMS, JSOM, and JAMI.


PubMed | Peoples Dental College, Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital and Cure and Care Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery | Year: 2013

The Present study was carried out to evaluate the morphology of soft palate in Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSF) patients using digital lateral cephalogram. A total number of 70 patients were included in the study (Control group had 35 patients and Study group had 35 OSF patients) were evaluated for soft palate by digital lateral cephalogram. The anterio-posterior length and superior-inferior length of soft palate were measured. The morphology of soft palate was categorized as type 1, to type 6. Different types of soft palate were compared with stages of OSF. Among the Study group (35 patients) 62.9% had Stage 2 OSF. Leaf shaped (Type 1) soft palate was seen commonly in stage 2 OSF whereas butt shaped (Type 3) in stage 3 OSF. In the present study there was statistically significant difference in length (anterio-posterior) of Type 1 soft palate of OSF patients. In the present study as the OSF progressed to advanced stage there was gradual change from Type 1 and Type 2 variety of Soft palate to Type 3 and Type 6 variety of soft palate. The study observed that there was gradual reduction in the length of soft palate in anterior-posterior direction in OSF patients.


Sumalatha M.N.,Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center | RaviPrakash S.,Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center | Shankar V.N.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital
Oral Surgery | Year: 2012

Neurilemmoma is a benign nerve sheath tumour that is composed entirely of well-differentiated Schwann cells. Schwannomas arise when proliferating Schwann cells in the perineurium causing displacement and compression of peripheral, motor, sensory, sympathetic andcranial nerve sheath. They may occur at any age, but the peak incidence is 3rd and 4th decades with no sex predilection. Histopathological picture shows primarily of Schwann cells in a poorly collagenized stroma. The treatment of choice is surgical excision with goodprognosis and rare secondary complications.We describe a clinical case of intraosseous schwannoma located in the right pretragus area in a 48-year-old female patient. It is important to highlight that the schwannoma is usually found in the head and neck, and rarely in the oral cavity. Intraosseous neurilemmomas are rare, and they represent less than1%of all benign primary bone tumours. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Naveen Shankar A.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Naveen Shankar V.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Hegde N.,Ab Shetty Memorial Institute Of Dental Science | Sharma,Ab Shetty Memorial Institute Of Dental Science | Prasad R.,Ab Shetty Memorial Institute Of Dental Science
Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2012

Aim of the present study was to report on the survey of fractures, frequency of presentation, sex and age distributions, aetiology, site distributions, associated injuries & modalities of treatment rendered at muticentres treated by the division of oral and maxillofacial surgery between 2000 and 2005 in Karnataka state of India. Study revealed that the common cause for the facial fractures was found to be traffic accidents (72.7%) with a male preponderance and peak incidence during 20-30 years of age. Isolated mandibular fractures were most frequent [1035 patients (41.7%)] followed by isolated mid face fractures [526 patients (21.2%)]. Among mid face fractures, zygomatic bone and arch were most frequently involved. Open reduction and internal fixation and closed method were used in almost the same frequency. Traffic accidents are the leading cause of the maxillofacial fractures from the observation made from the study. Legislations preventive measures to be enforced and abided by every citizen. © 2011 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery.


Naveen A.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Vemanna S.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Shankar N.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Praveena V.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2011

Health care organisations regularly undergo quality assurance for safe and effective patient care. Such quality improving programs are considered as audit. The purpose of audits is to generate findings that will benefit patients and their programmes of care. Audits should be regularly carried out in a systematic manner as patient welfare is at the heart of any audit process. Auditprocess should maintain professional and ethical perspectives also. However, clinical audits are often poorly carried out and consequently have minimal effect on improving patient care. Health care organizations should encourage clinicians to participate in regular clinical audit. This review explains the basics of audit and describes in detail how a clinical audit should be performed and monitored.


Prakash S Mohan R.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Ghanta S.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Verma S.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | Agarwal N.,Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of oral science | Year: 2013

Lichen planus is a chronic, autoimmune, mucocutaneous disease that shows differences in clinical presentation at different times of the year. The present retrospective study was conducted to clarify the meteorological factors that influence the incidence of lichen planus, as well as the general features and clinical presentation of this condition during three consecutive years, 2008, 2009, and 2010, in Moradabad district (Western Uttar Pradesh, India). The study group comprised 1,355 patients extracted from the records of the outpatient department of Kothiwal Dental College Research Centre and Hospital, who were clinically diagnosed as having lichen planus during this three-year period. The highest number of patients (735) were recorded in summer, and the lowest (56) in winter. Females were affected more often, and psychosocial influences were also evident. There were significant differences in the incidence of lichen planus in different seasons, and the summer peak was attributable to the intensity of sun exposure (actinic lichen planus and summertime lichen planus).


PubMed | Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD | Year: 2013

Mandibular premolars have earned the reputation for having aberrant anatomy. The literature is replete with reports of extra canals in mandibular first premolars, but reports about the incidence of extra roots in these teeth are quite rare. This paper attempts at explaining a rare case of successful endodontic management of a four-rooted mandibular first premolar with diagnostic, interoperative and postoperative radiographic records along with a substantial data on the incidence of extra roots in these teeth. The standard method of radiographic appraisal was maintained as the criteria for determining the presence of extra roots.


PubMed | Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral science | Year: 2013

Lichen planus is a chronic, autoimmune, mucocutaneous disease that shows differences in clinical presentation at different times of the year. The present retrospective study was conducted to clarify the meteorological factors that influence the incidence of lichen planus, as well as the general features and clinical presentation of this condition during three consecutive years, 2008, 2009, and 2010, in Moradabad district (Western Uttar Pradesh, India). The study group comprised 1,355 patients extracted from the records of the outpatient department of Kothiwal Dental College Research Centre and Hospital, who were clinically diagnosed as having lichen planus during this three-year period. The highest number of patients (735) were recorded in summer, and the lowest (56) in winter. Females were affected more often, and psychosocial influences were also evident. There were significant differences in the incidence of lichen planus in different seasons, and the summer peak was attributable to the intensity of sun exposure (actinic lichen planus and summertime lichen planus).


PubMed | Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College | Year: 2017

A comprehensive knowledge of the anatomy of the root canal is a basic prerequisite for the success of endodontic treatment. Mandibular molars may have an additional root located lingually (radix entomolaris) or buccally (radix paramolaris). An awareness of the potential for and understanding of unusual external and internal root canal mor-phology contributes to the successful outcome of root canal treatment. Here, we report two cases of radix entomolaris to increase awareness and understanding of this unusual morphology so that procedural errors during endodontic therapy might better be avoided.


PubMed | Kothiwal Dental College Research Center and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD | Year: 2016

The main objective of adhesive dentistry is to create an effective, durable union between the tooth structure and restorative material. However, degradation of adhesive dentine interface remains largely responsible for the relatively short lifetime of tooth colored resin restoration.The aim of the study is to compare the dentin collagen stabilization property of Chlorhexidine (CHX) and Aloe barbadensis Miller using shear bond strength testing.Occlusal reduction was done in sixty extracted human mandibular molars to expose the mid coronal dentin and divided into three groups n = 20. Following the surface pretreatment (Group 1 = control, Group 2 = CHX, Group 3 = Aloevera), dentine bonding agent and composite resin were applied and cured. The specimens were then subjected to shear bond strength testing.From the results analyzed, it was noted that there was statistically significant difference between the groups Control and CHX and Control and A. barbadensis Miller (P < 0.05), specifically the values of Control < CHX and Control < A. barbadensis Miller (P < 0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference between CHX and A. barbadensis Miller (P > 0.05). Hence, the following result for the shear bond strengths to dentin was obtained: Control < CHX A. barbadensis Miller.CHX and A. barbadensis Miller, as pretreatment agents of acid demineralized dentin collagen, has no adverse effect on the immediate shear bond strength of a two-step etch and rinse adhesive to dentin.

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