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Basu S.,Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics | Banerjee D.,Ramakrishna Mission Seva Prathisthan | Chandra S.,Kothari Medical Center | Chakrabarti A.,Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
Glycoconjugate Journal | Year: 2010

The present work is aimed to study the mechanism of faster erythrocyte clearance in hereditary spherocytosis (HS), a heterogeneous disorders characterized by alterations in the proteins of the red cell membrane skeleton along with different kinds of thalassemia. The maximum exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) is found in HS compared to those in both α- and β-thalassemia. Interestingly, in HS more PS exposed cells were found in younger erythrocytes compared to normal and the thalassemics where aged cells showed higher loss of PS asymmetry. Loss of sialic acid and GlcNAc bearing glycoconjugates, presumably the glycophorins, was also found upon aging. The loss of PS asymmetry together with the cell surface glycoproteins mediated by membrane vesiculation, seemed to play key role in early clearance of erythrocytes from circulation following a mechanism similar to HbEβ-thalassemia. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Mukhopadhyay S.,Christian Medical College | Niyogi M.,Burdwan Medical College | Sarkar J.,Kothari Medical Center | Mukhopadhyay B.S.,Nilratan Sirkar Medical College | Halder S.K.,IQ City Medical College
Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Background and Aims: In absence of any published standard guideline for sedation or anesthesia practice for prolonged therapeutic "endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP)," safe and cost-effective sedation protocol is the need of the hour. Our study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a dexmedetomidine as an add-on for prolonged deep sedation for ERCP and to compare three deep sedation regimens regarding safety and efficacy. Material and Methods: Forty-five consecutively enrolled patients planned for therapeutic ERCP and assumed to have prolonged procedural duration (>50 min) were divided into three groups in a randomized assessor blinded fashion. Group 1 received propofol and midazolam, Group 2 received the sedato-analgesic cocktail containing ketamine-propofol-midazolam-pentazocine, and the Group 3 received sedate-analgesic cocktail plus dexmedetomidine infusion under monitoring of vital parameters and according to the judgment of the concerned anesthesiologist. Total propofol requirement, episodes of gagging, oxygen desaturation, changes in mean blood pressure (MBP), recovery and satisfaction score of endoscopist, anesthetist and patient were noted and analyzed statistically using one way ANOVA with Bonferroni correction and Chi-square test. Results: Mean propofol requirement, incidences of gagging and oxygen desaturation was significantly less in Group 2 and 3 compared to Group 1. MBP was more stable and recovery was faster in Group 3. Anesthetist's satisfaction was more with Group 2 and even more with Group 3. Conclusions: The sedato-analgesic cocktail was superior to the conventional propofol-midazolam regimen, dexmedetomidine as add-on increased the efficacy and safety of sedate-analgesic cocktail. It reduces propofol requirement, helps to maintain the patient in a safe and more stable level of sedation and increases satisfaction of the anesthetist.


Rao R.,Jubilee Missions Medical College | Panghate A.,Sanjeevani Hospital | Chandanwale A.,Sir Jj Group Of Hospitals | Sardar I.,Nightingale | And 5 more authors.
Asian Spine Journal | Year: 2012

Study Design: We performed a multicentric, randomized, comparative clinical trial. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive 150 mg of Tolperisone thrice daily or 8 mg of Thiocolchicoside twice daily for 7 days.Purpose: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of Tolperisone in comparison with Thiocolchicoside in the treatment of acute low back pain with spasm of spinal muscles. Overview of Literature: No head on clinical trial of Tolperisone with Thiocolchicoside is available and so this study is done.Methods: The assessment of muscle spasm was made by measuring the finger-to-floor distance (FFD), articular excursion in degrees on performing Lasegue's maneuver and modified Schober's test. Assessment of pain on movement and spontaneous pain (pain at rest) of the lumbar spine was made with the help of visual analogue scale score. Results: The improvement in articular excursion on Lasegue's maneuver was significantly greater on day 3 (p = 0.017) and day 7 (p = 0.0001) with Tolperisone as compared to Thiocolchicoside. The reduction in FFD score was greater on day 7 (p = 0.0001) with Tolperisone. However there was no significant difference in improvement in Schober's test score on day 3 (p = 0.664) and day 7 (p = 0.192). The improvement in pain score at rest and on movement was significantly greater with Tolperisone (p = 0.0001). Conclusions: Tolperisone is an effective and well tolerated option for treatment of patients with skeletal muscle spasm associatedwith pain. © 2012 by Korean Society of Spine Surgery.


Ghoshal U.C.,Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences | Abraham P.,nduja National Hospital And Medical Research Center | Bhatia S.J.,K E M Hospital | Misra S.P.,Allahabad University | And 18 more authors.
Indian Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

Background: Attempts to diagnose and subtype irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by symptom-based criteria have limitations, as these are developed in the West and might not be applicable in other populations. Objectives: This study aimed to compare different criteria for diagnosing and subtyping of IBS in India. Method: Manning's and the Rome I, II, and III criteria as well as the Asian criteria were applied to 1,618 patients (from 17 centers in India) with chronic lower gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms with no alarm features and negative investigations. Results: Of 1,618 patients (aged 37.5 [SD 12.6] years; 71.2 % male), 1,476 (91.2 %), 1,098 (67.9 %), 649 (40.1 %), 849 (52.5 %), and 1,206 (74.5 %) fulfilled Manning's, Rome I, II, and III, and the Asian criteria, respectively. The most common reason for not fulfilling the criteria was absence of the following symptoms: "more frequent stools with onset of pain," "loose stool with onset of pain," "relief of pain with passage of stool," "other abdominal discomfort/bloating," and, in a minority, not meeting the duration criterion of 3 months/12 weeks. By stool frequency, constipation-predominant IBS (<3 stools/week) was diagnosed in 319 (19.7 %), diarrhea-predominant IBS (>3 stools/day) in 43 (2.7 %), and unclassified in 1,256 (77.6 %). By Bristol stool form, constipation, diarrhea, and unclassified were diagnosed in 655 (40.5 %), 709 (43.8 %), and 254 (15.7 %) patients, respectively. By their own perception, 462 (28.6 %), 541 (33.4 %), and 452 (27.9 %) patients reported constipation-predominant, diarrhea-predominant, and alternating types, respectively. Conclusion: By Manning's and the Asian criteria, a diagnosis of IBS was made frequently among Indian patients with chronic functional lower GI symptoms with no alarm features; the Rome II criteria gave the lowest yield. By the stool frequency criteria, a majority of patients had unclassified pattern, unlike by the stool form and patients' perception of their symptoms. © 2013 Indian Society of Gastroenterology.


Mondal S.,Indian Institute of Science | Chandra S.,Kothari Medical Center | Mandal C.,Indian Institute of Science
Leukemia Research | Year: 2010

Altered sialylation occurs in essentially all types of human and experimental cancers. Although, aberrant sialylation is believed to mainly due to altered sialyltransferase (ST) level, so far, expression pattern of different STs in acute lymphoblastic leukemia has never been investigated. Accordingly, the aim of our study was to monitor the changes in mRNA expression of ST6Gal I, ST3Gal V and ST8Sia I in patients by real-time PCR, which may provide prognostic information useful in defining appropriate therapeutic options. Our data demonstrated that ST6Gal I and ST3Gal V mRNA were up-regulated in lymphoblasts whereas its presence was negligible in non-malignant donors. In contrast, ST8SiaI was downregulated in patients. The extents of linkage-specific sialylation of glycoconjugates were found to be associated with disease establishment. Additionally, ST6Gal I and ST3Gal V were positively correlated with the high risk of the disease (P = 0.0032 and 0.0016). This differential ST level can be used as biomarker with the molecular method of quantitative PCR and may be useful to discriminate normal and cancer patients. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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