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Pohang, South Korea

Park J.-T.,Chungnam National University | Song H.-N.,Korea University | Song H.-N.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | Jung T.-Y.,Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology | And 5 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics | Year: 2013

PFTA (Pyrococcus furiosus thermostable amylase) is a hyperthermophilic amylase isolated from the archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus. This enzyme possesses characteristics of both α-amylase- and cyclodextrin (CD)-hydrolyzing enzymes, allowing it to degrade pullulan, CD and acarbose - activities that are absent in most α-amylases - without the transferring activity that is common in CD-hydrolyzing enzymes. The crystal structure of PFTA revealed a unique monomeric subunit with an extended N-terminal region and an N′-domain folded into its own active site - a significantly altered domain configuration relative to that of the conventional dimeric CD-hydrolyzing amylases in glycoside hydrolase family 13. The active site is formed by the interface of the N'-domain and the catalytic domain and exhibits a broad and wide-open geometry without the concave pocket that is commonly found in the active sites of maltogenic amylases. The mutation of a residue (Gly415 to Glu) located at the domain interface between the N'- and catalytic domains yielded an enzyme that produced a significantly higher purity maltoheptaose (G7) from β-CD, supporting the involvement of this interface in substrate recognition and indicating that this mutant enzyme is a suitable candidate for the production of pure G7. The unique configuration of the active site distinguishes this archaic monomeric enzyme from classical bacterial CD-hydrolyzing amylases and provides a molecular basis for its enzymatic characteristics and for its potential use in industrial applications. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Paldo Co. and Korea Yakult Co. | Date: 2013-05-07

uncooked noodles; instant noodles; noodles; spaghetti; uncooked Chinese noodles; udon noodles; instant soba noodles; instant udon noodles; instant Chinese noodles; vermicelli.

Park S.-H.,Korea Yakult Co. | Ahn Y.-T.,Korea Yakult Co. | Huh C.-S.,Seoul National University
BMC Microbiology | Year: 2015

Background: To understand differences in the gut microbiota between elderly people of urbanized town communities (UTC) and longevity village communities (LVC), we analyzed fecal microbiota collected from individuals living in 2 UTC (Seoul and Chuncheon) and 3 LVC (Gurye, Damyang, and Soonchang) selected on the basis of indices for superlongevity (the ratio of centenarians to the total population) and longevity (the ratio of those aged 85 years or greater to those aged 65 years or greater) in South Korea by 454 pyrosequencing. Results: Taxonomy-based analysis showed that The relative abundance of Firmicutes, Tenericutes, and Actinobacteria was significantly lower in LVC than in UTC. Due to an increase of Firmicutes and a reduction of Bacteroidetes, the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes in the gut microbiota was greater in UTC adults than in UTC children or LVC adults. The population levels of Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Lachnospira were significantly higher in LVC than in UTC, but the levels of Dialister, Subdoligranulum, Megamonas, EF401882-g, and AM275436-g were lower in LVC than in UTC. Although most of the species detected in LVC were detected in UTC, some Bacteroides spp. and Faecalibacterium spp. were detected only in LVC. Among Bacteroides spp., ACWH-s, EF403317-s, and EF403722-s were detected in children and LVC samples only but FJ363527-s, 4P000677-s, and 4P000015-s were detected in UTC samples. EF402172-s and EF404388-s, members of Faecalibacterium spp., which are known to have anti-inflammatory properties, were detected in LVC and children only (>3.9% of total sequence). In addition, the fecal lipopolysaccharides (LPS) content was significantly higher in UTC than in LVC. Conclusions: These findings suggest that maintaining gut microbiota, including Faecalibacterium spp. EF402172-s and EF404388-s, as well as low LPS levels may play an important role in preserving residents' health in LVC. © 2015 Park et al.; licensee BioMed Central.

Yoo S.-R.,Kyungpook National University | Kim Y.-J.,Kyungpook National University | Park D.-Y.,Seoul National University | Jung U.-J.,Kyungpook National University | And 5 more authors.
Obesity | Year: 2013

Objective: To determine the effects of naturally derived probiotic strains individually or combination on a short-term diet-induced obesity model. Design and Methods: C57BL/6J mice (n = 50) were randomly divided into five groups, then fed a high-fat high-cholesterol diet (HFCD), HFCD and Lactobacillus plantarum KY1032 (PL, 1010cfu/day), HFCD and Lactobacillus curvatus HY7601 (CU, 1010cfu/day), HFCD and in combination with PL+CU (10 10cfu/day), or a normal diet (ND) for 9 weeks. Results: PL and CU showed distinct and shared metabolic activity against a panel of 50 carbohydrates. Fat accumulation in adipose tissue and liver was significantly reduced by probiotic strains CU or PL+CU. Probiotic strains CU or PL+CU reduced cholesterol in plasma and liver, while PL+CL had a synergistic effect on hepatic triglycerides. Probiotic strains PL+CU combination was more effective for inhibiting gene expressions of various fatty acid synthesis enzymes in the liver, concomitant with decreases in fatty acid oxidation-related enzyme activities and their gene expressions. Conclusions: Multi-strain probiotics may prove more beneficial than single-strain probiotics to combat fat accumulation and metabolic alterations in diet-induced obesity. Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society.

Park D.-Y.,Korea Yakult Co. | Park D.-Y.,Seoul National University | Ahn Y.-T.,Korea Yakult Co. | Park S.-H.,Korea Yakult Co. | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Objective: To investigate the functional effects of probiotic treatment on the gut microbiota, as well as liver and adipose gene expression in diet-induced obese mice. Design: Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks to induce obesity, and then randomized to receive HFD+probiotic (Lactobacillus curvatus HY7601 and Lactobacillus plantarum KY1032, n = 9) or HFD+placebo (n = 9) for another 10 weeks. Normal diet (ND) fed mice (n = 9) served as non-obese controls. Results: Diet-induced obese mice treated with probiotics showed reduced body weight gain and fat accumulation as well as lowered plasma insulin, leptin, total-cholesterol and liver toxicity biomarkers. A total of 151,061 pyrosequencing reads for fecal microbiota were analyzed with a mean of 6,564, 5,274 and 4,464 reads for the ND, HFD+placebo and HFD+probiotic groups, respectively. Gut microbiota species were shared among the experimental groups despite the different diets and treatments. The diversity of the gut microbiota and its composition were significantly altered in the diet-induced obese mice and after probiotic treatment. We observed concurrent transcriptional changes in adipose tissue and the liver. In adipose tissue, pro-inflammatory genes (TNFα, IL6, IL1β and MCP1) were down-regulated in mice receiving probiotic treatment. In the liver, fatty acid oxidation-related genes (PGC1α, CPT1, CPT2 and ACOX1) were up-regulated in mice receiving probiotic treatment. Conclusions: The gut microbiota of diet-induced obese mice appears to be modulated in mice receiving probiotic treatment. Probiotic treatment might reduce diet-induced obesity and modulate genes associated with metabolism and inflammation in the liver and adipose tissue. © 2013 Park et al.

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