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Seoul, South Korea

The Korea Maritime Institute is a think tank and research center developing South Korean policies on marine affairs and fisheries, operated by the South Korean government through the Office of Government Policy Coordination. KMI was established under its current name in 1997, though expanded from a research center created in 1984 specializing in shipping economics.KMI is organized into five research divisions as of 2011:Marine & Coastal Policy Research DepartmentShipping, Port & Logistics Research DepartmentFisheries Policy Research DepartmentMarine Territory and Industry Research DepartmentFisheries Outlook Centerand has two overseas centers:Shanghai Research CenterKorea-US Marine Policy Joint Research Center, at the University of Rhode IslandKMI is headquartered in Mapo-gu, Seoul, having a staff of about 180. Wikipedia.

Cho D.-O.,Korea Maritime Institute
Marine Policy | Year: 2012

Illegal bottom trawl fishing using nets with a small mesh size has been one of the most difficult problems to address in fisheries management in Korea. This practice has occurred for the last century, since the Japanese colonial period. The elimination of illegal bottom trawl fishing, regulated in the Fisheries Law (Law No. 10292), was extremely difficult because the number of vessel owners increased to greater than 3000, creating a strong oppositional lobby. Therefore, the Korean government carried out an 'incentive program' to buy-back vessels, which has been very effective in eliminating illegal bottom trawl fishing in the coastal waters of Korea. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd..

Kim S.G.,Korea Maritime Institute
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2012

After the Chapter 17 of Agenda 21 recommended integrated management for ocean and coastal management system, many countries undertook institutional arrangement in the government structure for efficient ocean governance. From such country cases, we can abstract 5 types of institutional change for ocean governance: type 1) Inter-ministerial commission or committee; type 2) Administration under the ministerial level of department; type 3) Administration under the ministerial level plus inter-ministerial commission or committee; type 4) Ministerial level of department; Type 5) Ministerial level of department plus inter-ministerial commission or committee.It is also supposed that an institutional arrangement can impact on the ocean governance through their elements in various ways, which was proved in the case of Korea. In Korea, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fishery (MOMAF) established in 1996, which belongs to type 4 and had affected the ocean governance very positively, thus making integrated ocean policy, excellent coordination among related ministries and increasing the constituency. However, the dismantlement of MOMAF in 2008 has affected the ocean governance negatively. Reflecting the frequent government restructuring, type 1, 3 or 5 can also be more recommended in case of Korea. This shows how important an appropriate institutional arrangement is for integrated ocean governance and sheds light on the direction for the future institutional arrangement of the ocean sectors in each country. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Lee B.-H.,Korea Maritime Institute | Park J.-C.,Pusan National University | Kim M.-H.,Texas A&M University | Hwang S.-C.,Pusan National University
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering | Year: 2011

The violent free-surface motions and the corresponding impact loads are numerically simulated by using the Moving Particle Semi-implicit (MPS) method, which was originally proposed by Koshizuka and Oka [10] for incompressible flows. In the original MPS method, there were several defects including non-optimal source term, gradient and collision models, and search of free-surface particles, which led to less-accurate fluid motions and non-physical pressure fluctuations. In the present study, how those defects can be remedied is illustrated by step-by-step improvements in the respective processes of the revised MPS method. For illustration, two examples are studied; (i) dam breaking problem and (ii) liquid sloshing inside a rectangular tank. The improvement of each step is explained and numerically demonstrated. The numerical results are also compared against the experimental results of Martin and Moyce [12] for dam-breaking problem and Kishev et al. [9] for sloshing problem. The numerical results for violent free-surface motions and impact pressures are in good agreement with their experimental data. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Ducruet C.,University of Paris 13 | Lee S.-W.,Korea Maritime Institute | Ng A.K.Y.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Maritime Policy and Management | Year: 2010

This article is essentially an empirical investigation in the network analysis of inter-port traffic flows. Based on a database of vessel movements, it applies conventional techniques of network analysis to the graph of Northeast Asian liner networks in 1996 and 2006. Such an approach proves particularly helpful for analyzing the changing position of major hub ports and for revealing their respective tributary areas within the region. Despite rapid traffic growth at Chinese ports during the period under study, the latter seem to remain polarized by established hubs such as Korean ports and Hong Kong. This research reveals the strong relation between local port policies and the evolution of shipping network design. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.

Kim S.G.,Korea Maritime Institute
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2010

This paper reviews the evolution of the coastal wetland policy in developed countries, leading to finding 3 eras of development of the coastal wetland policy. Before having recognized the wetland functions and services until 1960s, the economic focus had been prevalent, allowing wetland to be exploited mainly for economic uses. But as the wetland ecosystem functions came to be realized, policies to preserve them had been introduced in developed countries, by which the wetland policy had transited 'step by step' from an economic to an ecological focus. Through these steps, developed countries came to have the legal and institutional systems for wetland preservation, mitigation and restoration, and management for the wise and sustainable use in conformity to the international standards such as the Ramsar Convention and others since 1990. Thus, they have reached more complete ecological focus in their wetland management with the increase in relevant socio-cultural activities such as the ecosystem education, ecotourism, etc. Roughly speaking, it led to the 3 'eras': the wetland exploitive era, policy transition era, wetland conservation era. In this vein, Korea also experienced a similar exploitive era of economic focus when wetland conversion had been dominated by agriculture, residence and industry before 1990s. From then till 2005, Korea had experienced sufferings from conflicts arising from large reclamation projects such as those in Shihwa and Saemangum, through which she had spent policy transition era and then began to introduce a new policy of ecological focus as in developed countries. Korea can be described as entering a new era of ecological focus with the introduction of relevant advanced systems such as reinforced 10 year of wetland conversion plan with stricter review and permit system, wetland protected area system, special plan to restore existing reclaimed areas to original wetlands, etc. © 2010.

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