Moon K.S.,Korea Interfacial Science and Engineering Institute KISEI
26th International Mineral Processing Congress, IMPC 2012: Innovative Processing for Sustainable Growth - Conference Proceedings | Year: 2012
Liquid - liquid reactions such as solvent extraction in hydrometallurgy and BTX extraction in petrochemical industry has long suffered from the long retention time mainly due to the limited interfacial area caused by the immiscibility between water and oil phase, requiring typically very large perfect mixer type reactors and tall adsorption towers. A novel spray reactor for immiscible liquids; that is the KISEI Nozzle Reactor (KNR) was introduced, enabling the drastic increase in the interfacial area between the reacting immiscible liquids. Various spray mechanisms were applied in materials processing, e.g. spray drying, powder metallurgy, and aerosol industry, but not in hydrometallurgy. The KISEI Nozzle Reactor(KNR) was fully developed and used in production of biodiesel from the immiscible triglycerides and methanol. An experience with a full production plant facility is briefly discussed in the current paper. With the fog-like methanol spray in oil medium, the trans esterification reaction was almost instantaneous, and transformed the traditional batch trans esterification process into a continuous production process. And above all, with no moving parts in the KISEI Nozzle Reactor (KNR), the process requires minimal operation and maintenance costs.
Lim S.,Korea Interfacial Science and Engineering Institute KISEI |
Park H.,Korea Interfacial Science and Engineering Institute KISEI |
Lee H.,Korea Interfacial Science and Engineering Institute KISEI |
Yum K.,Incheon National University |
And 2 more authors.
Desalination and Water Treatment | Year: 2015
This study evaluated possible application of a seawater dilution process (SDP) to a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) filtration system for low-energy desalination. The main experiments of this study are to find the effects of the SDP in an SWRO filtration process to reduce seawater salinity. The measured total dissolved solids values were 29,640 mg/L for seawater, 8,720 mg/L for brackish water, and 2,896 mg/L for treated sewage water. In the experiment, two multiple water were blended with seawater to lower salinity. First experiment was conducted seawater with brackish water and found an increase in the permeate flux at 9.6% in the SWRO process. Second experiment was conducted seawater with treated sewage water and delivered an increase in the permeate flux at 12.9%. During the ultrafiltration (UF) operation, the pressure applied in diluted water increased rapidly comparing to seawater because the high concentrations of particulate and organic matter were detected in pretreatment of UF and main treatment of SWRO due to high silt density index and total organic carbon value in supplemental water. Therefore, to optimize application of the SDP, fouling effects should be considered for a longtime operation in membrane processes. © 2015 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.