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Although Bcl-2 family proteins were originally identified as key regulators of apoptosis, an impressive body of evidence has shown that pro-survival members of the Bcl-2 family, including Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, and Bcl-w, can also promote cell migration, invasion, and cancer metastasis. Interestingly, cell invasion was recently found to be suppressed by multidomain pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family, such as Bax and Bak. While the mechanisms underlying these new functions of Bcl-2 proteins are just beginning to be studied, reactive oxygen species (ROS) have emerged as inducers of cell invasion and the production of ROS from mitochondrial respiration is known to be promoted and suppressed by the pro-survival and multidomain pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members, respectively. Here, I review the evidence supporting the ability of Bcl-2 proteins to regulate cancer cell invasion and metastasis, and discuss our current understanding of their underlying mechanisms, with a particular focus on mitochondrial respiration and ROS, which could have implications for the development of strategies to overcome tumor progression.


Patent
Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences | Date: 2014-07-18

Provided are a compound represented by Formula I, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate thereof; and a pharmaceutical composition for cancer treatment and a pharmaceutical composition for a radiation sensitizer for cancer treatment, each pharmaceutical composition including the compound of Formula I, the pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or the solvate thereof: wherein, in Formula I, R1 is a C1-C3 alkoxy, O, or OH, and R2 is a 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl including 1 to 2 hetero atoms selected from nitrogen and oxygen, wherein a carbon of the 5- or 6-memberedheteroaryl is optionally substituted with a C1-C3 alkyl a C1-C3 alkoxy, or hydroxy.


Disclosed are a composition including gelsolin as an effective ingredient for inducing differentiation into a dendritic cell, a method of inducing differentiation by using the composition, and a vaccine composition for treating cancer or an immune-mediated disease. In addition, a composition including gelsolin as an effective ingredient for inducing differentiation into a dendritic cell and a method of inducing differentiation into a dendritic cell by treating an immature dendritic cell with gelsolin are also disclosed. Further, a dendritic cell differentiated by using the method of inducing differentiation into the dendritic cell and a vaccine composition including the dendritic cell as an effective ingredient for treating cancer or an immune-mediated disease are disclosed.


Patent
Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences | Date: 2014-09-18

Provided is an apparatus and method for calculating a correction factor, the apparatus including: a counter configured to acquire first data indicating a counted value of a first radiation source according to an activity and an energy window width, and to acquire second data indicating a coincidence value of a second radiation source according to an activity and an energy window width; and a calculator configured to calculate a correction factor for correcting a difference of the coincidence value of the second radiation source having occurred in response to a single gamma photon emission of the first radiation source, based on the first data and the second data.


Patent
Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences | Date: 2015-06-02

Provided is a polyhedral-shaped radiation counter which measures a radiation level of a radioactive material, in which sensor modules configured to measure the radiation level are disposed at vertexes of a polyhedral shape, respectively, and the sensor modules are connected to each other by rod-shaped frame members disposed in edge positions of the polyhedral shape and face parts of the polyhedral shape form an open space.

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