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Kwon S.-J.,University of California at Irvine | Feng M.Q.,University of California at Irvine | Park S.S.,Korea Institute of Construction Materials
NDT and E International | Year: 2010

Electromagnetic (EM) properties-dielectric constant and conductivity are changed with porosity and saturation in cement-based materials. In this paper, dielectric constant and conductivity are measured in cement mortar with 5 different mixture conditions considering saturation. For the same mixture proportions, durability tests including porosity, chloride diffusion, air permeability, sorptivity, and water diffusion are performed. Among the continuously measured EM properties within 5-20 GHz of frequency range for different saturation, results under 60% of saturation which shows stable results are selected and averaged as one value. The averaged measurements utilizing results under 60% of saturation are compared with those from durability tests. Through the normalization using the results of W/C 40% which shows best durability performances, changing ratios of durability characteristics are evaluated with normalized dielectric constant and conductivity. The behaviors of EM properties with different saturation and their relationships with durability performances are studied.


Shin H.-C.,Korea Institute of Construction Materials | Miyauchi H.,Chungnam National University | Tanaka K.,Tokyo Institute of Technology
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2011

The effect of temperature on fatigue resistance in repaired mortar and concrete members through epoxy injection is experimentally studied. First, fatigue equipment capable of inducing a small movement is developed to simulate cracks, which are monitored in a real wall structure. The fatigue test is performed considering three different levels of movement amplitude and four different levels of temperature by using fatigue equipment. From the fatigue test, increases in amplitudes and temperature cause reduced resistance to fatigue. Furthermore, the effect of temperature on the failure mode of epoxy-repaired mortar is evaluated. With higher temperature, the failure mode is changed from mortar failure to mixed failure of epoxy and interface. Then, in the mixed failure mode, resistance to fatigue significantly decreases owing to the temperature effect. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Choi S.,University of Ulster | Ali F.,University of Ulster | Nadjai A.,University of Ulster | Han S.,University of Ulster | Choi J.,Korea Institute of Construction Materials
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering | Year: 2011

This paper presents a numerical study to predict the in-fire performance of slim floor system, composed of asymmetric steel beam, deep steel decking and in-situ concrete slab. The reliability of the proposed numerical model was verified by comparison with experimental results obtained for 4.2m beam tests. A pilot study was also conducted to examine the effect of the cross sectional modification of the steel section on performance enhancement of the model in fire.


Gyawali G.,Sun Moon University | Cho S.-H.,Sun Moon University | Woo D.,Korea Institute of Construction Materials | Lee S.W.,Sun Moon University
Korean Journal of Materials Research | Year: 2010

Nano sized SiC particles (270 nm) are easily agglomerated in nickel sulfamate electrolytic bath during a composite electrodeposition process. The agglomeration of nano particles in composite coatings can significantly reduce the mechanical properties of the composite coatings. In this study, Ni-SiC nano composite coatings were fabricated using a conventional electrodeposition process with the aid of ultrasound. Nano particles were found to be distributed homogeneously with reduced agglomeration in the ultrasonicated samples. Substantial improvements in mechanical properties were observed in the composite coatings prepared in presence of ultrasound over those without ultrasound. Ni-SiC composite coatings were prepared with variable ultrasonic frequencies ranging from 24 kHz to 78 kHz and ultrasonic powers up to 300 watts. The ultrasonic frequency of 38 kHz with ultrasonic power of 200 watt was revealed to be the best ultrasonic conditions for homogeneous dispersion of nano SiC particles with improved mechanical properties in the composite coatings. The microstructures, phase compositions, and mechanical properties of the composite coatings were observed and evaluated using SEM, XRD, Vickers microhardness, and wear test. The Vickers microhardness of composite coatings under ultrasonic condition was significantly improved as compared to the coatings without ultrasound. The friction coefficient of the composite coating prepared with an ultrasonic condition was also smaller than the pure nickel coatings. A synergistic combination of superior wear resistance and improved microhardness was found in the Ni-SiC composite coatings prepared with ultrasonic conditions.


Gyawali G.,Sun Moon University | Cho S.-H.,Sun Moon University | Woo D.,Korea Institute of Construction Materials | Lee S.W.,Sun Moon University
Materials Science Forum | Year: 2010

Ni-SiC nano composite coatings were fabricated using electrodeposition technique with the aid of ultrasound. The properties of the nano composite were investigated using SEM and Vicker's microhardness tester. The results demonstrated that the microhardness of composite coatings under ultrasonic vibrations was improved significantly as compared to conventional electrodeposition techniques without ultrasound. The nano particles were found to be distributed homogeneously with reduced agglomeration due to the ultrasonic vibration. © (2010) Trans Tech Publications.

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