Korea Automobile Testing and Research Institute KATRI

Gyeonggi, South Korea

Korea Automobile Testing and Research Institute KATRI

Gyeonggi, South Korea
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Kim S.-W.,Korea Automobile Testing and Research Institute KATRI | Shim S.-J.,Korea Automobile Testing and Research Institute KATRI | Suh M.-W.,Sungkyunkwan University
International Journal of Automotive Technology | Year: 2012

The BioRIDII (Biofidelic Rear-Impact Dummy II) is regarded as possessing similar characteristics to human volunteers and PMHS (post-mortem human subjects) in terms of its response to low-speed rear-impact tests. The biofidelity of the RID 2 (Rear-Impact Dummy 2) does not yield satisfactory results in comparison to the BioRIDII. Although a great deal of research on the repeatability and reproducibility of the BioRIDII has been conducted, the research results to date do not directly suggest the neck injury criteria and limit values that should be set in safety regulations. The purpose of this research is to evaluate neck injury indicators for the BioRIDII using low-speed rear-impact sled tests on three sets of BioRIDII ver-g. A series of sled tests was conducted to assess the adequacy of neck injury indicators in terms of the repeatability and reproducibility of the results obtained for the three BioRIDII dummies tested. The sled tests were performed according to the test procedure proposed by K-NCAP (the Korea New Car Assessment Program). Several neck injury indicators, namely, NIC, Nkm, upper- and lower-neck Fx, upper- and lower-neck Fz and My, T1 X acc and Head X acc, were analyzed for each dummy. The results show that for some criteria, such as the lower-neck shear force and moment and T1 acceleration, the BioRIDII could be considered adequate. © 2012 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Kim B.-Y.,Sungkyunkwan University | Jeong C.-M.,Sungkyunkwan University | Kim S.-W.,Korea Automobile Testing and Research Institute KATRI | Suh M.-W.,Sungkyunkwan University
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology | Year: 2012

The design of an engine room is important to protect the passenger from a crash impact by improving the absorption of the crash impact energy. The side member in the engine room absorbs most of the crash impact energy when the vehicle experiences a frontal crash. The side member is of two types: hat and 'U.' Analysis of the extent of energy absorption and the mechanism of the side member are necessary through a collapse mode in various load conditions. In this study, the design of experiments was used for evaluating the characteristics of the absorption of crash energy by side members through design variables. First, crash analysis was performed by experiment number extracted from the design of the experiment. Then, using the results of crash analysis, multiple regressions were conducted and sensitivity analysis performed for each design variable. Finally, the optimum design was developed for maximizing the absorption energy per unit weight considering various boundary conditions. In the present study, as a basic step for modeling the fatigue behavior of an extruded Al alloy cylinder, the fatigue crack growth data of the alloy was collected in two orientations. Microstructural analysis revealed that the material had recrystallized grains and clusters of constituent particles aligned in the direction of extrusion. Fatigue life of the samples revealed a shorter fatigue life representing a higher fatigue crack growth rate in the transverse direction. © 2012 The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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