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Yanggu, South Korea

Cho I.H.,Yeungnam University | Han E.O.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety | Kim S.T.,CareCamp Inc.
Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2014

Our aim was to determine the external radiation dose rates of patients undergoing positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations, and to assess the factors affecting these doses. The external radiation dose rates (ERDR) from 18F-FDG were measured using the Geiger-Müller tube at a distance of 10, 50, and 100cm from the patients' skin surface from various body regions. Results showed that at 10cm from the body surface for PET/CT examinations, the ERDR immediately after 18F-FDG i.v. injection at time points 1 and 4 was 522.19±189.59μSvh-1 and 256.36±74.94μSvh -1, respectively. At 10cm from the body surface for PET/MRI examinations, the ERDR at time points 1 and 4 were 258.76±92.09μSvh-1 and 105.63±27.48μSvh-1, respectively, always with a precipitous decrease over time. The 18F-FDG dose was on average 1.93-fold higher and the ERDR was higher approximately 2.01 to 2.42-fold in PET/CT examinations than in PET/MRI examinations. In both PET/CT and PET/MRI patients, the ERDR was significantly higher with lower body weight, shorter stature, and fewer urinations etc. In conclusion, based on our results, the ERDR to patients from PET/CT scans at a distance of 10cm was twice as high than from the PET/MRI. Furthermore, to decrease ERDR to the patients, the dose injected should be adjusted to body weight and height. Factors like post injection fluid intake and urine bladder emptying, decrease ERDR. Other persons should keep a safe distance from the injected patient.

Han E.O.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety | Kim J.R.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety | Choi Y.S.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety
Nuclear Engineering and Technology | Year: 2014

As a result of conducting a 45 minute-long seminar on the principles, state of use, advantages, and disadvantages of nuclear power generation for Korean elementary, middle, and high school students, the levels of perception including the necessity (p<0.017), safety (p<0.000), information acquisition (p<0.000), and subjective knowledge (p<0.000), objective knowledge (p<0.000), attitude (p<0.000), and behavior (p<0.000) were all significantly higher. This indicates that education can be effective in promoting widespread social acceptance of nuclear power and its continued use. In order to induce behavior change toward positive judgments on nuclear power generation, it is necessary to focus on attitude improvement while providing the information in all areas related to the perception, knowledge, attitude, and behavior. Here, the positive message on the convenience and the safety of nuclear power generation should be highlighted. © 2014 Korean Nuclear Society.

Han E.O.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety | Kim J.R.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety | Choi Y.S.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety
Nuclear Engineering and Technology | Year: 2014

The results of this study, suggest public communication to promote the use of radiation as follows: first, suitable information for the recipient's perception patterns should be provided, as there is a difference in risk perception and acceptance between the experts and the public. Thus, information on the necessity of nuclear power should be provided to the public, while information based on technical risks is provided by the experts. Second, since the levels of perception, knowledge, and attitudes increased highly for sectors which use radiation after the class, classes should be provided continuously to increase students' perception, knowledge, and attitude, which are all preemptive variables which induce positive behavioral changes. Third, since the seven sectors which use radiation are highly correlated, arguments for the necessity of other sectors should be based on the necessity of the medical sector.

Han E.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety | Kim J.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety | Choi Y.,Korea Academy of Nuclear Safety
Nutrition Research and Practice | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Educational interventions targeted food selection perception, knowledge, attitude, and behavior. Education regarding irradiated food was intended to change food selection behavior specific to it.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: There were 43 elementary students (35.0%), 45 middle school students (36.6%), and 35 high school students (28.5%). The first step was research design. Educational targets were selected and informed consent was obtained in step two. An initial survey was conducted as step three. Step four was a 45 minute-long theoretical educational intervention. Step five concluded with a survey and experiment on food selection behavior.RESULTS: As a result of conducting a 45 minute-long education on the principles, actual state of usage, and pros and cons of irradiated food for elementary, middle, and high-school students in Korea, perception, knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding the irradiated food was significantly higher after the education than before the education (P < 0.000).CONCLUSIONS: The behavior of irradiated food selection shows high correlation with all variables of perception, knowledge, and attitude, and it is necessary to provide information of each level of change in perception, knowledge, and attitude in order to derive proper behavior change, which is the ultimate goal of the education. © 2014 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition.

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