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Marimuthu A.,Government Arts College Autonomous | Kavitha A.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous
International Review on Computers and Software

Cloud computing is a widely used distributed computing model which offers a wide range of users with distributed access to scalable and virtualized hardware. Scheduling of tasks in cloud computing is a Nondeterministic Polynomial (NP) hard optimization problem and it has become an attractive research area in recent years. In task scheduling, the essential factor to be considered is the load balancing of non-preemptive independent tasks on Virtual Machines (VMs). In cloud computing system, the utilization of resources for the task and efficient detection of VM for task processing becomes difficult, as some VMs are heavily overloaded where as others are not heavily loaded. In order to overcome these problems, an efficient load balancing algorithm is used in this work. In this proposed system, initially overloading of VM are estimated based on the Hidden Semi Markov Model (HSMM) to maximize or minimize lifetime process, less latency and imbalanced degree for the clouds of different sizes. Artificial Fish is used to balance the task allocation for VM after overloaded is detected from HSMM. The proposed artificial fish swarm based algorithm effectively designs the priorities of tasks which in turn minimizes the waiting time of the tasks in the queue. The proposed approach shows that it achieves less unbalancing results and performs task faster with a reduction in waiting time of tasks in queue. © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize S.r.l. - All rights reserved. Source

Nisha M.C.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous | Rajeshkumar S.,Government Arts College
Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources

In order to prepare a list of the raw drugs sold in Coimbatore city, a market survey was conducted. There are 72 species spreading over 41 families and according to their life forms, 29 are herbs, 13 shrubs, 23 trees and 7 climbers and 88% of these belong to the dicotyledons. It was also noticed that various plant parts were used as crude drugs. The species like Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd. ex Del. subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenan, Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall. ex Nees, Eclipta prostrata (Linn.) Linn., Adhatoda zeylanica Medic., Zingiber officinale Rosc., Acorus calamus Linn., Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban, Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn., Solanum nigrum Linn. and Gymnema sylvestre (Retz) Schult. have higher market potential. Most of the crude drugs are already commercially cultivated in India but a few endangered plants like Dysoxylum malabaricum Bedd., Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. ex Kurz are also sold in the market. If the same trend continues, we may have to lose our valuable plant heritage by way of over exploitation of the wild and endangered species. There is an urgent need of documentation of this irreplaceable knowledge to meet the ever growing demand of medicinal plants in the market. Source

Mageshwari K.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous | Sathyamoorthy R.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous | Sudhagar P.,Hanyang University | Kang Y.S.,Hanyang University
Applied Surface Science

Nanostructured bismuth sulfide thin films were prepared onto glass substrates with particle size of 21 nm by thermal evaporation using readily prepared bismuth sulfide nanocrystallite powder. The X-ray diffraction pattern revealed that bismuth sulfide thin films exhibit orthorhombic structure. The existence of quantum confinement effect was confirmed from the observed band gap energy of 1.86 eV. AC and DC electrical conductivity of Al/BiSnc/Al structures was investigated in the frequency range 0.5-100 kHz at different temperatures (303-463 K) under vacuum. The AC conductivity (σac) is found to be proportional to angular frequency (ωs). The obtained experimental result of the AC conductivity showed that the correlated barrier hopping model is the appropriate mechanism for the electron transport in the nanostructured bismuth sulfide thin films. DC conduction mechanism in these films was studied and possible conduction mechanism in the bismuth sulfide thin films was discussed. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Rajeswari P.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous | Krishnakumari S.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous
International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Objectives: As vegetables, fruits and medicinal plants, mushrooms have become attractive as a functional food and as a source for the development of drugs and nutraceuticals. The present study was carried to find the antihyperglycemic effect of the milky mushroom, Calocybe indica. Materials and methods: Female swiss albino rats weighing 200-250g were used for the study. Streptozotocin was used to induce diabetes mellitus. Hot and cold water decoctions of the milky mushroom, Calocybe indica (20ml/kg body weight) was orally administered to the diabetic rats for 45 days. The blood glucose, serum insulin, hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin and total blood count and the survival and mortality rate were studied. Results: The blood glucose level was significantly decreased in the decoction treated diabetic rats. Serum insulin level was increased and the glycosylated hemoglobin level was significantly altered back to the near normal level. The treatment has effect also in hematological parameters. The survival rate was significantly increased in the decoction treated rats. Conclusion: The results suggests that both hot and cold water decoction of the mushroom possess antidiabetic activity but when compared, the cold water decoction showed more significant activity than the hot water decoction. Source

Sindhu S.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous | Manorama S.,Kongunadu Arts and Science College Autonomous
Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research

Polycarpaea corymbosa are widely used traditional medicinal plant to treat various ailments. The antimicrobial potential of Polycarpaea corymbosa against human pathogenic microorganisms (fifteen bacteria and six fungus) ware investigated. Antimicrobial activity of various plants extracts was compared with commercially available antibiotics. The antimicrobial potential of the above plant extracts was seen against the test organism using disc diffusion method. The phytochemical prospection of the dried aerial and root extracts showed the presence of different classes of secondary metabolites, as phenols, flavonoid, alkaloids and tannins that have demonstrated antimicrobial action. Acetone and methanolic extracts showed considerably good antibacterial activity against all bacteria and fungi. This study shed the light on the ability of extracts from the plant to combat pathogens which will help as natural antimicrobial agents as well as can be used in pharmaceutical and food preservation systems. Source

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