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Kanai M.,Pharmacogenomics and Palliative Medicine | Kawaguchi T.,Kyoto University | Kotaka M.,Gastrointestinal Cancer Center | Shinozaki K.,Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital | And 15 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2016

Background: Peripheral sensory neuropathy (PSN) is a dose-limiting toxicity of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Several genetic markers have been shown to predict oxaliplatin-induced PSN; however, results remain to be validated in a large-scale and prospective pharmacogenomics study. Patients and methods: Among 882 patients enrolled in the JFMC41-1001-C2 (JOIN trial), which was designed to investigate the tolerability of adjuvant-modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) in Japanese Patients with stage II or III colon cancers undergoing curative resection, 465 patients were eligible for this pharmacogenomics analysis. Twelve singlenucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected based on published data. The effect of each genotype on time to PSN onset was evaluated in all patients (n = 465) using the Cox proportional hazard model. For the association analysis between severity of PSN and 12 SNP markers, 84 patients who failed to complete 12 cycles of mFOLFOX6 from grade 0/1 PSN group were excluded because the termination of the protocol treatment had been caused by reasons other than PSN. Results: Comparison of grade 0/1 PSN with grade 2/3 PSN or grade 3 PSN showed no significant associations with any of the 12 SNP markers after adjustment for total dose of oxaliplatin. Time-to-onset analysis also failed to reveal any significant differences. Conclusions: Our large-scale and prospective pharmacogenomics study of Japanese patients receiving protocol treatment of adjuvant mFOLFOX6 could not verify a role for any of the 12 SNP markers reported as being significantly associated with PSN. Considering the OR observed in this study (range: 0.76-1.89), further evaluation of these 12 SNP markers in the context of L-OHP-induced PSN is unlikely to be clinically informative. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology.

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