Komodo National Park

Flores, Indonesia

Komodo National Park

Flores, Indonesia

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News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: hosted2.ap.org

(AP) — A Komodo dragon has bitten an overly inquisitive tourist in Indonesia who ignored warnings about getting too close to the enormous reptile while it was eating, a national park official said. The tourist from Singapore was bitten on his leg Wednesday morning while taking pictures of the Komodo dragon, the world's largest lizard, said the chief of the Komodo National Park, Sudiyono. Sudiyono said the man was rescued by locals and rushed to a hospital in Labuan Bajo on Flores Island, near Komodo Island, for treatment. Endangered Komodo dragons are found in the wild on several eastern Indonesian islands. They can grow to 3 meters (10 feet) or more in length. Attacks on humans are rare but may increase as Indonesia is promoting the Komodo National Park as a tourist destination. In 2013, a guide and a park ranger were attacked in separate incidents. Experts say the Komodo dragon population in the wild is less than 4,000 but stable.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: hosted2.ap.org

(AP) — A Komodo dragon has bitten an overly inquisitive tourist in Indonesia who ignored warnings about getting too close to the enormous reptile while it was eating, a national park official said. The tourist from Singapore was bitten on his leg Wednesday morning while taking pictures of the Komodo dragon, the world's largest lizard, said the chief of the Komodo National Park, Sudiyono. Sudiyono said the man was rescued by locals and rushed to a hospital in Labuan Bajo on Flores Island, near Komodo Island, for treatment. Endangered Komodo dragons are found in the wild on several eastern Indonesian islands. They can grow to 3 meters (10 feet) or more in length. Attacks on humans are rare but may increase as Indonesia is promoting the Komodo National Park as a tourist destination. In 2013, a guide and a park ranger were attacked in separate incidents. Experts say the Komodo dragon population in the wild is less than 4,000 but stable.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: phys.org

Singaporean Loh Lee Aik, 67, was rushed to hospital with leg injuries after being pounced on by the venomous creature. Sudiyono, the head of the Komodo National Park—islands in central Indonesia that form a protected habitat for the lizards—said it was the first attack by one of the creatures on a foreign tourist since 1974, when a visitor from abroad was killed. Loh had been staying at a village on Komodo island before setting off in search of the lizards Wednesday. But he failed to take a park ranger with him, something all visitors to the islands are advised to do. "He was probably very excited taking pictures of the komodo, he didn't realise another komodo was approaching him and then he was bitten," local police spokesman Jules Abraham Abast told AFP. "Luckily it was a small komodo that bit him." He was given first aid at the site before being taken by boat to nearby Flores island, where he was admitted to hospital. Abast and the hospital said he was in a stable condition. The attack happened during the Komodo mating season, which runs from May to August and is a time when the lizards are more aggressive. Abast said Loh had failed to report his visit to authorities and urged visitors to do so in future to avoid such incidents. Thirty people have been bitten by komodo dragons since 1974, with five of the victims dying, according to Komodo National Park authorities. Recent research has found that the dragons' jaws have highly sophisticated venom glands that can cause paralysis, spasms and shock through haemorrhaging. The lizards are native to several Indonesian islands, and are considered a vulnerable species, with only a few thousand left in the world. They can grow up to three metres (10 feet) long and weigh up to 70 kilograms (154 pounds). Explore further: Seven rare Komodo dragons hatch in Indonesia


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: news.yahoo.com

FILE - In this Tuesday, April 28, 2009 file photo, a Komodo dragon yawns on Rinca island, Indonesia. An Indonesian national park official says a Komodo dragon has bitten an overly inquisitive tourist who ignored warnings about getting too close to the enormous reptile while it was eating. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara, File) JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) — A Komodo dragon has bitten an overly inquisitive tourist in Indonesia who ignored warnings about getting too close to the enormous reptile while it was eating, a national park official said. The tourist from Singapore was bitten on his leg Wednesday morning while taking pictures of the Komodo dragon, the world's largest lizard, said the chief of the Komodo National Park, Sudiyono. Sudiyono said the man was rescued by locals and rushed to a hospital in Labuan Bajo on Flores Island, near Komodo Island, for treatment. Endangered Komodo dragons are found in the wild on several eastern Indonesian islands. They can grow to 3 meters (10 feet) or more in length. Attacks on humans are rare but may increase as Indonesia is promoting the Komodo National Park as a tourist destination. In 2013, a guide and a park ranger were attacked in separate incidents. Experts say the Komodo dragon population in the wild is less than 4,000 but stable.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: hosted2.ap.org

(AP) — An Indonesian national park official says a Komodo dragon has bitten an overly inquisitive tourist who ignored warnings about getting too close to the enormous reptile while it was eating. Chief of the Komodo National Park, Sudiyono, says the tourist from Singapore was bitten on his leg Wednesday morning while taking pictures of the Komodo dragon, the world's largest lizard. Sudiyono says the man was rescued by locals and rushed to a hospital in Labuan Bajo on Komodo Island for treatment. Endangered Komodo dragons are found in the wild on several eastern Indonesian islands. They can grow to 3 meters (10 feet) or more in length.


News Article | May 4, 2017
Site: news.yahoo.com

A Singaporean tourist who was trying to photograph a komodo dragon feasting on a goat has been attacked by one of the giant lizards (AFP Photo/ROMEO GACAD) Labuan Bajo (Indonesia) (AFP) - A komodo dragon, one of the world's largest lizards, attacked a tourist in Indonesia who was trying to photograph the giant creatures feasting on a goat, police said Thursday. Singaporean Loh Lee Aik, 67, was rushed to hospital with leg injuries after being pounced on by the venomous creature. Sudiyono, the head of the Komodo National Park -- islands in central Indonesia that form a protected habitat for the lizards -- said it was the first attack by one of the creatures on a foreign tourist since 1974, when a visitor from abroad was killed. Loh had been staying at a village on Komodo island before setting off in search of the lizards Wednesday. But he failed to take a park ranger with him, something all visitors to the islands are advised to do. "He was probably very excited taking pictures of the komodo, he didn't realise another komodo was approaching him and then he was bitten," local police spokesman Jules Abraham Abast told AFP. "Luckily it was a small komodo that bit him." He was given first aid at the site before being taken by boat to nearby Flores island, where he was admitted to hospital. Abast and the hospital said he was in a stable condition. The attack happened during the Komodo mating season, which runs from May to August and is a time when the lizards are more aggressive. Abast said Loh had failed to report his visit to authorities and urged visitors to do so in future to avoid such incidents. Thirty people have been bitten by komodo dragons since 1974, with five of the victims dying, according to Komodo National Park authorities. Recent research has found that the dragons' jaws have highly sophisticated venom glands that can cause paralysis, spasms and shock through haemorrhaging. The lizards are native to several Indonesian islands, and are considered a vulnerable species, with only a few thousand left in the world. They can grow up to three metres (10 feet) long and weigh up to 70 kilograms (154 pounds). For more news videos visit Yahoo View, available now on iOS and Android.


Short F.T.,SeagrassNet | Short F.T.,University of New Hampshire | Coles R.,James Cook University | Fortes M.D.,University of the Philippines | And 4 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2014

Seagrass systems of the Western Pacific region are biodiverse habitats, providing vital services to ecosystems and humans over a vast geographic range. SeagrassNet is a worldwide monitoring program that collects data on seagrass habitats, including the ten locations across the Western Pacific reported here where change at various scales was rapidly detected. Three sites remote from human influence were stable. Seagrasses declined largely due to increased nutrient loading (4 sites) and increased sedimentation (3 sites), the two most common stressors of seagrass worldwide. Two sites experienced near-total loss from of excess sedimentation, followed by partial recovery once sedimentation was reduced. Species shifts were observed at every site with recovering sites colonized by pioneer species. Regulation of watersheds is essential if marine protected areas are to preserve seagrass meadows. Seagrasses in the Western Pacific experience stress due to human impacts despite the vastness of the ocean area and low development pressures. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Purwandana D.,Komodo Survival Program | Ariefiandy A.,Komodo Survival Program | Imansyah M.J.,Komodo Survival Program | Rudiharto H.,Komodo National Park | And 4 more authors.
Biological Conservation | Year: 2014

The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) is the world's largest lizard and endemic to five islands in Eastern Indonesia. The current management of this species is limited by a paucity of demographic information needed to determine key threats to population persistence. Here we conducted a large scale trapping study to estimate demographic parameters including population growth rates, survival and abundance for four Komodo dragon island populations in Komodo National Park. A combined capture mark recapture framework was used to estimate demographic parameters from 925 marked individuals monitored between 2003 and 2012. Island specific estimates of population growth, survival and abundance, were estimated using open population capture-recapture analyses. Large island populations are characterised by near or stable population growth (i.e. λ~. 1), whilst one small island population (Gili Motang) appeared to be in decline (λ= 0.68 ± 0.09). Population differences were evident in apparent survival, with estimates being higher for populations on the two large islands compared to the two small islands. We extrapolated island specific population abundance estimates (considerate of species habitat use) to produce a total population abundance estimate of 2448 (95% CI: 2067-2922) Komodo dragons in Komodo National Park. Our results suggest that park managers must consider island specific population dynamics for managing and recovering current populations. Moreover understanding what demographic, environmental or genetic processes act independently, or in combination, to cause variation in current population dynamics is the next key step necessary to better conserve this iconic species. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Ariefiandy A.,The Komodo Survival Program | Purwandana D.,The Komodo Survival Program | Seno A.,Komodo National Park | Ciofi C.,University of Florence | Jessop T.S.,University of Melbourne
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Camera trapping has greatly enhanced population monitoring of often cryptic and low abundance apex carnivores. Effectiveness of passive infrared camera trapping, and ultimately population monitoring, relies on temperature mediated differences between the animal and its ambient environment to ensure good camera detection. In ectothermic predators such as large varanid lizards, this criterion is presumed less certain. Here we evaluated the effectiveness of camera trapping to potentially monitor the population status of the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), an apex predator, using site occupancy approaches. We compared site-specific estimates of site occupancy and detection derived using camera traps and cage traps at 181 trapping locations established across six sites on four islands within Komodo National Park, Eastern Indonesia. Detection and site occupancy at each site were estimated using eight competing models that considered site-specific variation in occupancy (ψ)and varied detection probabilities (p) according to detection method, site and survey number using a single season site occupancy modelling approach. The most parsimonious model [ψ (site), p (site*survey); ω = 0.74] suggested that site occupancy estimates differed among sites. Detection probability varied as an interaction between site and survey number. Our results indicate that overall camera traps produced similar estimates of detection and site occupancy to cage traps, irrespective of being paired, or unpaired, with cage traps. Whilst one site showed some evidence detection was affected by trapping method detection was too low to produce an accurate occupancy estimate. Overall, as camera trapping is logistically more feasible it may provide, with further validation, an alternative method for evaluating long-term site occupancy patterns in Komodo dragons, and potentially other large reptiles, aiding conservation of this species. © 2013 Ariefiandy et al.


Ariefiandy A.,Komodo Survival Program | Purwandana D.,Komodo Survival Program | Seno A.,Komodo National Park | Chrismiawati M.,Balai Besar Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam | And 2 more authors.
Biodiversity and Conservation | Year: 2014

Finding practical ways to robustly estimate abundance or density trends in threatened species is a key facet for effective conservation management. Further identifying less expensive monitoring methods that provide adequate data for robust population density estimates can facilitate increased investment into other conservation initiatives needed for species recovery. Here we evaluated and compared inference-and cost-effectiveness criteria for three field monitoring-density estimation protocols to improve conservation activities for the threatened Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis). We undertook line-transect counts, cage trapping and camera monitoring surveys for Komodo dragons at 11 sites within protected areas in Eastern Indonesia to collect data to estimate density using distance sampling methods or the Royle-Nichols abundance induced heterogeneity model. Distance sampling estimates were considered poor due to large confidence intervals, a high coefficient of variation and that false absences were obtained in 45 % of sites where other monitoring methods detected lizards present. The Royle-Nichols model using presence/absence data obtained from cage trapping and camera monitoring produced highly correlated density estimates, obtained similar measures of precision and recorded no false absences in data collation. However because costs associated with camera monitoring were considerably less than cage trapping methods, albeit marginally more expensive than distance sampling, better inference from this method is advocated for ongoing population monitoring of Komodo dragons. Further the cost-savings achieved by adopting this field monitoring method could facilitate increased expenditure on alternative management strategies that could help address current declines in two Komodo dragon populations. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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