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Kokushikan University is a private university in Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan.Combined teams of the Graduate School of Engineering and the Department of Science and Engineering competed against 130 team and came in 11th place in the 27th Formula SAE in 2007. This is the highest order at the participation university from Japan at present. The origins of Kokushikan University lie in the Kokushikan private academy, founded in Tokyo’s Azabu district in 1917, midway through Japan’s turbulent Taisho period. Founder Tokujiro Shibata and his young colleagues envisaged that this academy would cultivate competent individuals endowed with wisdom and courage.Kokushikan, which has already produced over 146,000 graduates active in all spheres of society, will be celebrating its 100th anniversary in 2017. Since its foundation in 1917, Kokushikan University has been working diligently to realize the educational philosophy, which is aimed to cultivate students so that they can contribute to the world peace and development. In the statement of the purport for establishing Kokushikan University, the significance of spiritual civilization is noted, lamenting the social malady of material civilization. Also, the university has been working consistently to instill a spirit of "knowledge and action", which has become a tradition over the years, and at present, the university offers education based on this principle. Wikipedia.

Kitamura T.,Kyoto University | Iwami T.,Kyoto University | Kawamura T.,Kyoto University | Nagao K.,Nihon University | And 2 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether dissemination of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in public places can improve the rate of survival among patients who have had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: From January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2007, we conducted a prospective, population-based, observational study involving consecutive patients across Japan who had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and in whom resuscitation was attempted by emergency responders. We evaluated the effect of nationwide dissemination of public-access AEDs on the rate of survival after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The primary outcome measure was the 1-month rate of survival with minimal neurologic impairment. A multivariate logistic-regression analysis was performed to assess factors associated with a good neurologic outcome. RESULTS: A total of 312,319 adults who had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were included in the study; 12,631 of these patients had ventricular fibrillation and had an arrest that was of cardiac origin and that was witnessed by bystanders. In 462 of these patients (3.7%), shocks were administered by laypersons with the use of public-access AEDs, and the proportion increased, from 1.2% to 6.2%, as the number of public-access AEDs increased (P<0.001 for trend). Among all patients who had a bystander-witnessed arrest of cardiac origin and who had ventricular fibrillation, 14.4% were alive at 1 month with minimal neurologic impairment; among patients who received shocks from public-access AEDs, 31.6% were alive at 1 month with minimal neurologic impairment. Early defibrillation, regardless of the type of provider (bystander or emergency-medical-services personnel), was associated with a good neurologic outcome after a cardiac arrest with ventricular fibrillation (adjusted odds ratio per 1-minute increase in the time to administration of shock, 0.91; 95% confidence interval, 0.89 to 0.92; P<0.001). The mean time to shock was reduced from 3.7 to 2.2 minutes, and the annual number of patients per 10 million population who survived with minimal neurologic impairment increased from 2.4 to 8.9 as the number of public-access AEDs increased from fewer than 1 per square kilometer of inhabited area to 4 or more. CONCLUSIONS: Nationwide dissemination of public-access AEDs in Japan resulted in earlier administration of shocks by laypersons and in an increase in the 1-month rate of survival with minimal neurologic impairment after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Copyright © 2010 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.

Egawa Y.,Kokushikan University
Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine | Year: 2015

No consensus exists regarding the effects of electromagnetic waves from cell phones on the human body, and no studies have investigated effects on the locomotor system. To elucidate the effects on muscle strength during cell phone use, the present study investigated changes in hip abduction strength, visual analog scale (VAS) scores, surface electromyogram (EMG), and Root Mean Square (RMS) value. Hip abduction strength did not differ from the NORMAL when the cell phone was powered off, but significantly decreased when it was powered on. Moreover, no differences were observed in RMS and VAS during muscle exertion between states in which the cell phone was powered on or off. Even if there had been a placebo effect or effects of pressure on the temporal bone, the finding that some form of environmental change associated with reproducing the state in which one talks on a cell phone affects the human body is unable to be dismissed. The findings in this case were attributed to reduced function of the central nervous system rather than peripheral muscles or the peripheral nervous system. However, the cause of these findings cannot be identified from the present study. In view of the facts that "muscle strength decreases under conditions in which electromagnetic waves, however small, are emitted from cell phones" and "there are no changes in ease of exerting strength in the subjects themselves", it was considered necessary both to investigate the causes of these findings and to implement measures in response to these facts. © 2015, Japanese Society of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine. All rights reserved.

Kitamura T.,Kyoto University | Iwami T.,Kyoto University | Kawamura T.,Kyoto University | Nagao K.,Nihon University | And 2 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2010

Background: Although chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is effective for adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of cardiac origin, it remains uncertain whether bystander-initiated rescue breathing has an incremental benefit for OHCA of noncardiac origin. Methods and results: A nationwide, prospective, population-based, observational study covering the whole population of Japan and involving consecutive OHCA patients with emergency responder resuscitation attempts was conducted from January 2005 through December 2007. The primary outcome was neurologically intact 1-month survival. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess the contribution of bystander-initiated CPR to better neurological outcomes. Among a total of 43 246 bystander-witnessed OHCAs of noncardiac origin, 8878 (20.5%) received chest compression-only CPR, and 7474 (17.3%) received conventional CPR with rescue breathing. The conventional CPR group (1.8%) had a higher rate of better neurological outcome than both the no CPR group (1.4%; odds ratio, 1.58; 95% confidence interval, 1.28 to 1.96) and the compression-only CPR group (1.5%; odds ratio, 1.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 1.69). However, the compression-only CPR group did not produce better neurological outcome than the no CPR group (odds ratio, 1.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.96 to 1.47). The number of OHCAs needed to treat with conventional CPR versus compression-only CPR to save a life with favorable neurological outcome after OHCA was 290. Conclusions: This nationwide observational study indicates that rescue breathing has an incremental benefit for OHCAs of noncardiac origin, but the impact on the overall survival after OHCA was small. © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.

Ito S.,Kokushikan University
Journal of Physiological Sciences | Year: 2016

GABA and glycine are major inhibitory neurotransmitters in the CNS and act on receptors coupled to chloride channels. During early developmental periods, both GABA and glycine depolarize membrane potentials due to the relatively high intracellular Cl− concentration. Therefore, they can act as excitatory neurotransmitters. GABA and glycine are involved in spontaneous neural network activities in the immature CNS such as giant depolarizing potentials (GDPs) in neonatal hippocampal neurons, which are generated by the synchronous activity of GABAergic interneurons and glutamatergic principal neurons. GDPs and GDP-like activities in the developing brains are thought to be important for the activity-dependent functiogenesis through Ca2+ influx and/or other intracellular signaling pathways activated by depolarization or stimulation of metabotropic receptors. However, if GABA and glycine do not shift from excitatory to inhibitory neurotransmitters at the birth and in maturation, it may result in neural disorders including autism spectrum disorders. © 2016 The Physiological Society of Japan and Springer Japan

Tanaka H.,Kokushikan University
Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine | Year: 2011

the last 7 years, more than 300,000 automated external defibrillators(AEDs) installed nationwide in Japan, and at least one AED has placed in 38,634 schools. Therefore, only 0.7% of bystanders used the AEDs(By-AED) in all OHCA cases with th 48 % of ROSC. In recent years, elementary and junior high school student has interested in AED results in each school has at least one AED. Therefore, introduction of CPR education starting from elementary school was extremely important. CPR education is not yet ubiquitous, and the promotion of AEDs and CPR education on a nationwide scale remains an urgent issue. Therefore, to solve this problem, we investigated the status of CPR education in schools teachers. We conducted surveys targeting for school teachers in Tokyo. Question; "What age do you think suitable for CPR training ?" Most of teachers answered"Suitable age for start CPR education from the upper grades of elementary school to a junior high school". Reason is, physically, continuous high quality chest compression could performed age of junior high. However, 'Importance of life' could teach from lower grade of elementary school because of child have a good long time memory. In this reason, CPR education is extremely important. Also teachers need 'more time', 'curriculum for CPR education and 'good CPR instruction tool for teaching'. The solution to teacher's request, we prepared follows. A 90 minutes hands only CPR curriculum should be introduced to elementary school CPR for basic CPR education. CPR +AED education should be started in lower grade of elementary school with AED trainer. In conclusion, school CPR programs are extremely important for awareness both in skill and knowledge of CPR among the entire school. Future research is warranted to improve the resuscitation rate by school CPR program.

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