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Iida O.,Cardiovascular Center | Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Hirano K.,Saiseikai Yokohama city Eastern Hospital | Kawasaki D.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Vascular Surgery | Year: 2012

Objective: We compared clinical outcomes between limbs with and without achievement of feeding artery flow by endovascular therapy (EVT) based on the angiosome concept in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients with isolated below-the-knee (BTK) lesions and assessed factors influencing major amputation (MA). Method: We analyzed 369 limbs from 329 consecutive patients (224 men; age, 70 ± 11 years) with ischemic ulceration or gangrene, or both, presenting with isolated BTK lesions (Rutherford class 5, 270 limbs; class 6, 99 limbs) with a pretreatment ankle-brachial index of 0.79 ± 0.26. Patients underwent successful EVT, without bypass surgery. Limbs were classified into direct (n = 200) and indirect (n = 169) groups by whether feeding artery flow to the site of ulceration or gangrene was successfully achieved, based on the angiosome concept. Unadjusted and adjusted (by propensity score matching) between-group rates of amputation-free survival (AFS) and freedom from major amputation (MA) and major adverse limb event (MALE) were compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test. The independent determinants of MA in the direct and indirect groups were explored by multivariable analysis. Results: During follow-up (mean, 18 ± 16 months), the overall limb salvage rate was 81% (300 of 369), death occurred in 36% (119 of 329), and the reintervention rate was 31% (114 of 369). After propensity score adjustment, the estimated (± standard error) rates for AFS (49% ± 8% vs 29% ± 6%; P =.0002), freedom from MALE (51% ± 8% vs 28% ± 8%, P =.008), and major amputation (82% ± 5% vs 68% ± 5%, P =.01) were significantly higher in the direct group than in the indirect group for up to 4 years after the index procedure. After multivariable Cox proportional analysis, the independent factors associated with major amputation were hemoglobin A 1c level (hazard ratio [HR], 1.4; 95% confidential interval [CI], 1.1-1.9; P =.006) and cilostazol administration (HR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.11-0.70; P =.006) in the direct group, and C-reactive protein level (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4; P =.002) in the indirect group. Conclusion: Achieving direct flow by angioplasty based on the angiosome concept in CLI patients with isolated BTK lesions is clinically important for AFS and freedom from MA and MALE. Limb salvage factors appear to differ between patients with and without direct flow from the feeding artery after EVT. © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery. Source

Kimura T.,Kyoto University | Morimoto T.,Kyoto University | Nakagawa Y.,Tenri Hospital | Kawai K.,Chikamori Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2012

Background-There is a scarcity of long-term data from large-scale drug-eluting stent registries with a large enough sample to evaluate low-frequency events such as stent thrombosis (ST). Methods and Results-Five-year outcomes were evaluated in 12 812 consecutive patients undergoing sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in the j-Cypher registry. Cumulative incidence of definite ST was low (30 day, 0.3%; 1 year, 0.6%; and 5 years, 1.6%). However, late and very late ST continued to occur without attenuation up to 5 years after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation (0.26%/y). Cumulative incidence of target lesion revascularization within the first year was low (7.3%). However, late target lesion revascularization beyond 1 year also continued to occur without attenuation up to 5 years (2.2%/y). Independent risk factors of ST were completely different according to the timing of ST onset, suggesting the presence of different pathophysiological mechanisms of ST according to the timing of ST onset: acute coronary syndrome and target of proximal left anterior descending coronary artery for early ST; side-branch stenting, diabetes mellitus, and end-stage renal disease with or without hemodialysis for late ST; and current smoking and total stent length >28 mm for very late ST. Independent risk factors of late target lesion revascularization beyond 1 year were generally similar to those risk factors identified for early target lesion revascularization. Conclusion-Late adverse events such as very late ST and late target lesion revascularization are continuous hazards, lasting at least up to 5 years after implantation of the first-generation drug-eluting stents (sirolimus-eluting stents), which should be the targets for developing improved coronary stents. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Tosaka A.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Iida O.,Cardiovascular Center | Ishihara T.,Cardiovascular Center | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between angiographic patterns of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after femoropopliteal (FP) stenting and the frequency of refractory ISR. In-stent restenosis after FP stenting is an unsolved problem. The incidence and predictors of refractory restenosis remain unclear. This study was a multicenter, retrospective observational study. From September 2000 to December 2009, 133 restenotic lesions after FP artery stenting were classified by angiographic pattern: class I included focal lesions (≤50 mm in length), class II included diffuse lesions (>50 mm in length), and class III included totally occluded ISR. All patients were treated by balloon angioplasty for at least 60 s. Recurrent ISR or occlusion was defined as ISR or occlusion after target lesion revascularization. Restenosis was defined as >2.4 of the peak systolic velocity ratio by duplex scan or >50% stenosis by angiography. Sixty-four percent of patients were male, 67% had diabetes mellitus, and 24% underwent hemodialysis. Class I pattern was found in 29% of the limbs, class II in 38%, and class III in 33%. Mean follow-up period was 24 ± 17 months. All-cause death occurred in 14 patients; bypass surgery was performed in 11 limbs, and major amputation was performed in 1 limb during the follow-up. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the rate of recurrent ISR at 2 years was 84.8% in class III patients compared with 49.9% in class I patients (p < 0.0001) and 53.3% in class II patients (p = 0.0003), and the rate of recurrent occlusion at 2 years was 64.6% in class III patients compared with 15.9% in class I patients (p < 0.0001) and 18.9% in class II patients (p < 0.0001). Restenotic patterns after FP stenting are important predictors of recurrent ISR and occlusion. © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

Fujimoto H.,Toranomon Hospital | Nakamura M.,Toho University | Yokoi H.,Kokura Memorial Hospital
Circulation Journal | Year: 2012

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term outcome of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in lesions with severe calcification that may disturb adequate stent expansion and increase the risk of restenosis and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Methods and Results: The Cypher Post-Marketing Surveillance Registry study has been conducted since August 2004 in Japan to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SES in a real-world setting. Data on 2,458 lesions in 2,050 patients were reviewed, and the angiographical outcomes at 240 days and clinical outcomes at 1,080 days after implantation compared between calcified lesions and non-calcified lesions in dialysis patients and non-dialysis patients. In non-dialysis patients, the rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACE; 16.0% vs. 12.8%; P=0.144) including TLR (4.9% vs. 6.0%; P=0.457), and restenosis (10.1% vs. 7.8%; P=0.207) were similar in calcified lesions and non-calcified lesions. In dialysis patients, the rate of MACE was similar in calcified lesions and non-calcified lesions (51.1% vs. 43.1%; P=0.544), but the rates of TLR (29.8% vs. 9.8%; P=0.020), and restenosis (39.5% vs. 17.0%; P=0.029) were significantly higher in calcified lesions than in non-calcified lesions. Conclusions: There is a differential impact of calcification on the long-term outcome of SES implantation in dialysis and non-dialysis patients. Source

Mori M.,Kokura Memorial Hospital
Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012

A 63-year-old man had been treated with intensive chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. On the 49th hospital day, he had febrile neutropenia after the second course of induction chemotherapy. On the 53 rd hospital day, he presented with hemoptysis and developed acute respiratory failure requiring ventilator support within several hours. On the 54th hospital day, the patient died with hemorrhagic respiratory infection. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was detected in bacterial cultures of his blood, bronchoalveolar lavage, and sputum. To our knowledge, nine cases of fatal hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by S. maltophilia have been reported in the literature. All the patients had hematological neoplasms and were severely neutropenic after one or two intensive chemotherapy regimens. They died shortly (within 3 days) after the onset of the hemorrhagic pneumonia. Management of the infection caused by S. maltophilia is hampered by high-level intrinsic resistance to multiple antibiotics and the increasing occurrence of acquired resistance to co-trimoxazole and fluoroquinolones. It would be important to keep in mind that hemorrhagic respiratory infection caused by S. maltophilia may lead to a fulminant and lethal course in severely neutropenic patients with hematological neoplasms and to recognize which antibiotic agents are more sensitive to S. maltophilia in each institution. Source

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