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Mori M.,Kokura Memorial Hospital
Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012

A 63-year-old man had been treated with intensive chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. On the 49th hospital day, he had febrile neutropenia after the second course of induction chemotherapy. On the 53 rd hospital day, he presented with hemoptysis and developed acute respiratory failure requiring ventilator support within several hours. On the 54th hospital day, the patient died with hemorrhagic respiratory infection. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was detected in bacterial cultures of his blood, bronchoalveolar lavage, and sputum. To our knowledge, nine cases of fatal hemorrhagic pneumonia caused by S. maltophilia have been reported in the literature. All the patients had hematological neoplasms and were severely neutropenic after one or two intensive chemotherapy regimens. They died shortly (within 3 days) after the onset of the hemorrhagic pneumonia. Management of the infection caused by S. maltophilia is hampered by high-level intrinsic resistance to multiple antibiotics and the increasing occurrence of acquired resistance to co-trimoxazole and fluoroquinolones. It would be important to keep in mind that hemorrhagic respiratory infection caused by S. maltophilia may lead to a fulminant and lethal course in severely neutropenic patients with hematological neoplasms and to recognize which antibiotic agents are more sensitive to S. maltophilia in each institution.

Fujimoto H.,Toranomon Hospital | Nakamura M.,Toho University | Yokoi H.,Kokura Memorial Hospital
Circulation Journal | Year: 2012

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term outcome of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in lesions with severe calcification that may disturb adequate stent expansion and increase the risk of restenosis and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Methods and Results: The Cypher Post-Marketing Surveillance Registry study has been conducted since August 2004 in Japan to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SES in a real-world setting. Data on 2,458 lesions in 2,050 patients were reviewed, and the angiographical outcomes at 240 days and clinical outcomes at 1,080 days after implantation compared between calcified lesions and non-calcified lesions in dialysis patients and non-dialysis patients. In non-dialysis patients, the rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACE; 16.0% vs. 12.8%; P=0.144) including TLR (4.9% vs. 6.0%; P=0.457), and restenosis (10.1% vs. 7.8%; P=0.207) were similar in calcified lesions and non-calcified lesions. In dialysis patients, the rate of MACE was similar in calcified lesions and non-calcified lesions (51.1% vs. 43.1%; P=0.544), but the rates of TLR (29.8% vs. 9.8%; P=0.020), and restenosis (39.5% vs. 17.0%; P=0.029) were significantly higher in calcified lesions than in non-calcified lesions. Conclusions: There is a differential impact of calcification on the long-term outcome of SES implantation in dialysis and non-dialysis patients.

Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been proven to reduce the rate of restenosis by marked inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia, but unusual vessel responses to DES, such as substantially impaired arterial healing characterized by incomplete endothelialization and persistent inflammatory response, have been recognized. The culprit sites in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), especially acute myocardial infarction, have large necrotic cores with a paucity of smooth muscle cells. In these lesions, penetration of the stent struts into the necrotic core is frequently observed after stent implantation. Pathologic observations have revealed that the lesions stented with DES frequently show greater delay in arterial healing than those treated with bare-metal stents. Thus, ACS culprit sites could be at persistent risk for thrombosis after DES implantation.

Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Iida O.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | Hirano K.,Yokohama City Tobu Hospital | Yokoi H.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Vascular Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: Long-term clinical outcomes after femoropopliteal (FP) stenting with nitinol stents have not yet been clear. We investigated the mid-term efficacy of FP stenting with nitinol stents. Methods: This study was a multicenter retrospective study. From April 2004 to December 2008, 511 consecutive patients (639 limbs; mean age 71 ± 7 years; 71% male) who underwent successful FP stenting with nitinol stents for de novo lesions were retrospectively selected and analyzed in this multicenter study. All patients had a minimum follow-up of 6 months. Restenosis was defined as >2.4 of peak systolic velocity ratio by duplex or >50% stenosis by angiogram. Primary patency was defined as treated vessels without restenosis and repeat revascularization. Secondary patency was defined as target vessels that become totally occluded and are reopened by repeat revascularization. Results: Sixty-one percent of the patients had diabetes, 76% were claudicant, and 20% were on hemodialysis. Mean lesion length was 151 ± 75 mm. Mean follow-up period was 22 ± 11 months. Primary patency was 79.8%, 66.7%, and 63.1%, and secondary patency was 90.4%, 87.3%, and 86.2% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. During the follow-up period, 53 patients (10%) died. Of them, cardiovascular death was 38% and stent fracture had occurred in 14%. On multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazard ratio, cilostazol administration (hazard ratio [HR], 0.52;P < .0001), stent fracture (HR, 1.6; P = .03), hemodialysis (HR, 1.7; P = .01), and Trans Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) II class C/D (HR, 2.4; P < .0001) were the independent predictors of primary patency after successful FP stenting. Conclusion: Clinical efficacy of nitinol stent implantation for FP disease was favorable for up to 5 years. Copyright © 2010 Society for Vascular Surgery.

Iida O.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Hirano K.,Saiseikai Yokohama city Eastern Hospital | Kawasaki D.,Hyogo College of Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Vascular Surgery | Year: 2012

Objective: We compared clinical outcomes between limbs with and without achievement of feeding artery flow by endovascular therapy (EVT) based on the angiosome concept in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients with isolated below-the-knee (BTK) lesions and assessed factors influencing major amputation (MA). Method: We analyzed 369 limbs from 329 consecutive patients (224 men; age, 70 ± 11 years) with ischemic ulceration or gangrene, or both, presenting with isolated BTK lesions (Rutherford class 5, 270 limbs; class 6, 99 limbs) with a pretreatment ankle-brachial index of 0.79 ± 0.26. Patients underwent successful EVT, without bypass surgery. Limbs were classified into direct (n = 200) and indirect (n = 169) groups by whether feeding artery flow to the site of ulceration or gangrene was successfully achieved, based on the angiosome concept. Unadjusted and adjusted (by propensity score matching) between-group rates of amputation-free survival (AFS) and freedom from major amputation (MA) and major adverse limb event (MALE) were compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test. The independent determinants of MA in the direct and indirect groups were explored by multivariable analysis. Results: During follow-up (mean, 18 ± 16 months), the overall limb salvage rate was 81% (300 of 369), death occurred in 36% (119 of 329), and the reintervention rate was 31% (114 of 369). After propensity score adjustment, the estimated (± standard error) rates for AFS (49% ± 8% vs 29% ± 6%; P =.0002), freedom from MALE (51% ± 8% vs 28% ± 8%, P =.008), and major amputation (82% ± 5% vs 68% ± 5%, P =.01) were significantly higher in the direct group than in the indirect group for up to 4 years after the index procedure. After multivariable Cox proportional analysis, the independent factors associated with major amputation were hemoglobin A 1c level (hazard ratio [HR], 1.4; 95% confidential interval [CI], 1.1-1.9; P =.006) and cilostazol administration (HR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.11-0.70; P =.006) in the direct group, and C-reactive protein level (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4; P =.002) in the indirect group. Conclusion: Achieving direct flow by angioplasty based on the angiosome concept in CLI patients with isolated BTK lesions is clinically important for AFS and freedom from MA and MALE. Limb salvage factors appear to differ between patients with and without direct flow from the feeding artery after EVT. © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery.

Tosaka A.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Soga Y.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Iida O.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | Ishihara T.,Kansai Rosai Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between angiographic patterns of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after femoropopliteal (FP) stenting and the frequency of refractory ISR. In-stent restenosis after FP stenting is an unsolved problem. The incidence and predictors of refractory restenosis remain unclear. This study was a multicenter, retrospective observational study. From September 2000 to December 2009, 133 restenotic lesions after FP artery stenting were classified by angiographic pattern: class I included focal lesions (≤50 mm in length), class II included diffuse lesions (>50 mm in length), and class III included totally occluded ISR. All patients were treated by balloon angioplasty for at least 60 s. Recurrent ISR or occlusion was defined as ISR or occlusion after target lesion revascularization. Restenosis was defined as >2.4 of the peak systolic velocity ratio by duplex scan or >50% stenosis by angiography. Sixty-four percent of patients were male, 67% had diabetes mellitus, and 24% underwent hemodialysis. Class I pattern was found in 29% of the limbs, class II in 38%, and class III in 33%. Mean follow-up period was 24 ± 17 months. All-cause death occurred in 14 patients; bypass surgery was performed in 11 limbs, and major amputation was performed in 1 limb during the follow-up. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the rate of recurrent ISR at 2 years was 84.8% in class III patients compared with 49.9% in class I patients (p < 0.0001) and 53.3% in class II patients (p = 0.0003), and the rate of recurrent occlusion at 2 years was 64.6% in class III patients compared with 15.9% in class I patients (p < 0.0001) and 18.9% in class II patients (p < 0.0001). Restenotic patterns after FP stenting are important predictors of recurrent ISR and occlusion. © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Kuramitsu S.,Kokura Memorial Hospital
Journal of the American Heart Association | Year: 2014

Stent fracture (SF) after drug-eluting stent implantation has become an important concern. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, predictors, and clinical impact of SF after biolimus-eluting stent. A total of 1026 patients with 1407 lesions undergoing the Nobori biolimus-eluting stent implantation and follow-up angiography within 9 months after index procedure were analyzed. SF was defined as complete or partial separation of the stent, as assessed by using plain fluoroscopy, intravascular ultrasound, or optical coherence tomography during the follow-up. We assessed the rate of SF and the cumulative incidence of clinically driven target lesion revascularization and definite stent thrombosis within 9 months. SF was observed in 58 (4.1%) of 1407 lesions and 57 (5.5%) of 1026 patients. Lesions with hinge motion (OR 8.90, 95% CI 3.84 to 20.6, P<0.001), tortuosity (OR 4.16, 95% CI 1.75 to 9.88, P=0.001), and overlapping stents (OR 2.41, 95% CI 0.95 to 6.10, P=0.06) were predictors of SF. Cumulative incidence of clinically driven target lesion revascularization within 9 months was numerically higher in the SF group than that in the non-SF group (12.0% versus 1.0%). Cumulative incidence of definite stent thrombosis within 9 months tended to be higher in the SF group than that in the non-SF group (1.7% versus 0.5%). SF after biolimus-eluting stent occurs in 4.1% of lesions and appears to be associated with clinically driven target lesion revascularization.

Yamaji K.,Kokura Memorial Hospital
Journal of the American Heart Association | Year: 2012

Target lesion revascularization (TLR) continues to occur beyond 4 years after bare metal stent (BMS) implantation. However, long-term outcomes after balloon angioplasty (BA) compared with BMS are currently unknown. From 1989 to 1990, 659 patients (748 lesions) underwent successful BA with final balloon ≥3.0 mm excluding patients with acute myocardial infarction and were compared with 405 patients (424 lesions) with BMS implantation from June 1990 to 1993. Cumulative incidences of death and target lesion thrombosis (>1 year) were similar between the BA group and the BMS group (44.4% versus 45.4%, P=0.60; and 1.5% versus 0.7%, P=0.99; respectively). Cumulative incidence of TLR during overall follow-up was significantly higher after BA than after BMS implantation (44.6% versus 36.0%, P<0.001), whereas cumulative incidence of late TLR (>4 years) tended to be lower in the BA group than in the BMS group (16.3% versus 21.4%, P=0.16). Cumulative incidence of late TLR after BA was significantly lower in patients with small percent diameter stenosis (%DS) at early follow-up angiography compared with large %DS (14.5% versus 28.0%, P=0.02). In lesions with serial angiography, late lumen loss from early (6 to 14 months) to long-term (4 to 10 years) follow-up angiography was significantly smaller in the BA group (n=42) than in the BMS group (n=55) (-0.08±0.45 mm versus 0.11±0.46 mm, P=0.047). Compared with BMS implantation, BA was associated with a trend for less late TLR beyond 4 years and with significantly smaller late lumen loss from early to long-term follow-up angiography.

Kimura T.,Kyoto University | Morimoto T.,Kyoto University | Nakagawa Y.,Tenri Hospital | Kawai K.,Chikamori Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2012

Background-There is a scarcity of long-term data from large-scale drug-eluting stent registries with a large enough sample to evaluate low-frequency events such as stent thrombosis (ST). Methods and Results-Five-year outcomes were evaluated in 12 812 consecutive patients undergoing sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in the j-Cypher registry. Cumulative incidence of definite ST was low (30 day, 0.3%; 1 year, 0.6%; and 5 years, 1.6%). However, late and very late ST continued to occur without attenuation up to 5 years after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation (0.26%/y). Cumulative incidence of target lesion revascularization within the first year was low (7.3%). However, late target lesion revascularization beyond 1 year also continued to occur without attenuation up to 5 years (2.2%/y). Independent risk factors of ST were completely different according to the timing of ST onset, suggesting the presence of different pathophysiological mechanisms of ST according to the timing of ST onset: acute coronary syndrome and target of proximal left anterior descending coronary artery for early ST; side-branch stenting, diabetes mellitus, and end-stage renal disease with or without hemodialysis for late ST; and current smoking and total stent length >28 mm for very late ST. Independent risk factors of late target lesion revascularization beyond 1 year were generally similar to those risk factors identified for early target lesion revascularization. Conclusion-Late adverse events such as very late ST and late target lesion revascularization are continuous hazards, lasting at least up to 5 years after implantation of the first-generation drug-eluting stents (sirolimus-eluting stents), which should be the targets for developing improved coronary stents. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.

Sumitsuji S.,Osaka University | Inoue K.,Kokura Memorial Hospital | Ochiai M.,Showa University | Tsuchikane E.,Toyohashi Heart Center | Ikeno F.,Stanford University
JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2011

Currently, successful treatment of chronic total occlusion (CTO) seems markedly improved, due to several new techniques and dedicated device developments. However, this improved success rate is often limited to procedures performed by skilled, highly experienced operators. To improve the overall success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention of CTO from a worldwide perspective, a deeper understanding of CTO histopathology might offer insights into the development of new techniques and procedural strategies. In this review, CTO histopathology and wire techniques are discussed on the basis of the fundamental concepts of antegrade and retrograde approaches. Although details pertaining to wire manipulation are very difficult to explain objectively, we tried to describe this as best as possible in this article. Finally, a systematic review of the current standard CTO strategy is provided. Hopefully, this article will enhance the understanding of this complex procedure and, consequently, promote safe and effective CTO-percutaneous coronary intervention for patients who present with this challenging lesion subset. © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

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