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Kyoto, Japan

Kojima S.,Kojima Shouten | Kojima M.,Kojima Shouten | Takai Y.,Kojima Shouten | Goto A.,Kojima Shouten | Hamada H.,Kojima Shouten
Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C | Year: 2013

The Japanese lanterns crafted and used in Kyoto are referred to as "Kyo-Chouchin." In Kyoto, the making of Japanese lanterns is a traditional craft. Kyo-Chouchin, which are made from Japanese paper on a bamboo framework, are individually crafted by craftsmen. The crafting process comprises the "Kami-hari" process during which Japanese paper is pasted onto a bamboo framework by the craftsman. The Kami-hari process influences the appearance of Kyo-Chouchin. To investigate the different ways in which experts and non-experts execute the Kami-hari process, this study conducted process and eye motion analysis. As a result, the Kami-hari process was divided into four phases: "Nori-uchi," "Kami-hari," "Kami-tachi," and "Mizu-bake." Working time and the duration of the expert's gaze were longer than those for the non-expert during Nori-uchi phase. The expert uniformly pasted the paper to the bamboo framework to enable the early performance of the next phases of the crafting process. The Kyo-Chouchin crafted by the expert in this manner has a beautiful appearance. © 2013 The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

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