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Kim S.K.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Park H.J.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Jeon H.S.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Jo B.C.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2013

Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are involved in synaptic plasticity, neuronal cell differentiation and neuroprotection in the central nervous system. To investigate whether TIMP4 polymorphisms are associated with schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), 480 patients (schizophrenia, n=287; ASDs, n=193) and 296 controls were enrolled. Clinical symptoms of schizophrenia and ASDs were assessed using the operation criteria checklist for psychotic illness (OPCRIT) and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), respectively. One promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs3755724, -55C/T) and one exonic SNP (rs17035945, 3′-untranslated region) were selected. SNPStats and SNPAnalyzer Pro programs were used to calculate odds ratios. Multiple logistic regression models were performed to analyze the genetic data. Based on the results, these two SNPs were not associated with schizophrenia and ASD. In the analysis of clinical features of schizophrenia, rs3755724 was nominally associated with schizophrenia with poor concentration (P=0.044 in the codominant2 model, P=0.041 in the log-additive model and P=0.043 in allele frequency). These results suggest that TIMP4 is not associated with the development of schizophrenia and ASD in the population studied. Copyright © 2013 Spandidos Publications Ltd. Source


Park H.K.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Kim S.K.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Lee S.W.,Development of Ginseng and Medical Plants Research Institute | Chung J.-H.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | And 3 more authors.
Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2015

A recent study reported that Panax ginseng (P. ginseng) has a protective effect on the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). KH053 is used as a new herbal prescription consisting of P. ginseng and bee-pollen. The present study aimed to investigate whether the KH053 has inhibition effects on the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using an animal model with testosterone induced BPH. The experiment was carried out in forty male Wistar 7. week old rats that were divided into four groups (control group, BPH group, positive group, and KH053 group). One group was used as the control and the three groups received subcutaneous injections of testosterone 20. mg/kg for 4. weeks to induce BPH. One of them received KH053 by oral gavage daily at doses of 200. mg/kg concurrently with the testosterone. The positive group received finasteride at a dose of 1. mg/kg with testosterone. After 4. weeks, all rats were sacrificed and analyzed for prostate weight, and growth factors. Results revealed that, compared to rats in the BPH group, KH053 showed that the prostate weight and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels in serum were significantly decreased and the decreases in hyperplasia in prostate were also observed. In addition, immunohistochemistry (IHC) also revealed that the protein expressions of growth factors [transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] in prostate tissue were decreased in the KH053 group. In conclusion, these results suggest that KH053, comprising P. ginseng and bee-pollen, inhibits the development of BPH in Wistar rat model and might be used as functional food for BPH. © 2015 The Authors. Source


Park H.J.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Kim J.W.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Cho B.-S.,East West Kidney Diseases Research Institute | Chung J.-H.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute
Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation | Year: 2014

Background. Apoptosis plays an important role in the mechanism regulating the development of glomerulonephritis. We investigated whether polymorphisms of apoptotic genes such as B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL2), BH3-interacting domain death agonist (BID), and caspase 8 (CASP8) were associated with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and with the clinical phenotypes of IgAN patients. Methods. We genotyped promoter and coding region single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs2279115 and rs1801018 for BCL2; rs8190315 and rs2072392 for BID; and rs6747918 and rs1045487 for CASP8) using direct sequencing in 195 IgAN patients and 289 control subjects. Results. No SNPs were associated with IgAN. However, in analysis of clinical phenotypes, we found that rs8190315 and rs2072392 of BID were associated with proteinuria levels of IgAN patients in additive (AG vs. GG vs. AA, p = 0.0008 for rs8190315; TC vs. CC vs. TT, p = 0.0012 for rs2072392) and dominant models (AG/GG vs. AA, p = 0.0014 for rs8190315; TC/CC vs. TT, p = 0.0031 for rs2072392). In particular, the frequencies of genotypes containing minor alleles of rs8190315 (G allele) and rs2072392 (C allele) were increased in IgAN patients with higher protienuria levels (> 40 mg/m2/h). Conclusion. These results suggest that BID may play a role in severe IgAN. © 2014 Informa Healthcare. Source


Kim S.K.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Chung J.-H.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Park H.J.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | Kang S.W.,Kohwang Medical Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

Alopecia areata (AA) is a common disease, which causes hair loss in humans. AA has a genetically complex inheritance. This study investigated the possible correlations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter regions of the chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (melanoma growth stimulating activity, alpha) (CXCL1) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 2 (CXCL2) genes and the development of AA in the Korean population. Two hundred and thirty-five AA patients and 240 control subjects were recruited. The specific SNPs occurring in the promoter regions of the CXCL1 and CXCL2 genes (rs3117604, -429C/T and rs3806792, -264T/C, respectively) were genotyped. All data obtained was evaluated using the SNPStats, SPSS 18.0, and the Haploview v.4.2 software platforms. The Odd’s ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and P values were calculated using multiple logistic regression models. Analyses of the genetic sequences obtained revealed a significant correlation between the two SNPs and the development of AA (rs3117604, P = 0.0009 in co-dominant model 1, P = 0.01 in co-dominant model 2, P = 0.004 in the dominant model, P = 0.005 in the log-additive model, P = 0.012 in allele distribution; rs3806792, P = 0.036 in co-dominant model 2, P = 0.0046 in the logadditive model). The TT and CC haplotypes were also observed to show a significant association with increased risk of AA (TT haplotype, P = 0.0018; CC haplotype, P = 0.0349). Our data suggests that the CXCL1 and CXCL2 genes may be associated with AA susceptibility. © FUNPEC-RP. Source

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