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Kogi State, Nigeria

Kogi State University, located at Anyigba, is the University of Kogi State, Nigeria. It was established in 1999 by Prince Abubakar Audu, the former governor of the state. At the time of its establishment, it was known as Kogi State University, It was named Prince Abubakar Audu University in 2002 and later renamed Kogi State University in 2003.Professor S.K. Okwute was the pioneer Vice Chancellor and currently back to University of Abuja. Professor F.S. Idachaba Professor of Agric-Economics, took over between 2005 to 2008 and has now retired to work in his foundation . The incumbent Vice Chancellor is Professor Hassan S. Isah , from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, took over in October, 2008.Kogi State University commenced academic activities in April, 2000 in six Faculties. Namely; Faculties of Agriculture, Arts and Humanities, Law, Management science, Natural science and Social science, presently comprising about 30 Departments. The University has commenced the establishment of Faculty of Medicine with the office and laboratory complexes under construction. The Centre for Pre-Degree and Diploma Studies was established under the present University administration to run diploma and pre-degree programmes. Students of the pre-degree programme could gain admission into degree programme if they are successful in the internal exams and need not write the Post-UTME exams but most have at least 180 JAMB cut-off mark.The University offer many courses such as Microbiology, Biochemistry, Geology, Physics, Mathematics, Computer science, Law, Public Administration, Statistics, Business Administration, Accounting, Banking and Finance, Theatre Arts, Food, Nutritions and Home science, Agricultural Economics and Extesion, Crop Production, Animal Production, Soil Science, Food Science and Technology, Fishery and Forestry, Islamic Studies, Religious and Philosophy, English, History and International Studies, Sociology, Mass Communication, Economics, e.t.c. About 90% of the courses offered in the university are accredited by the Nigeria University Commission . The Institution started with a student population of about 700 which as at 2009/2010 admission exercise has grown to about 9,000. It admits qualified students who choose it as his or her first or second choice of institution and pass its post-UTME exams. Its cut-off mark for candidates to be qualified for the Post-UTME exams is 180. Wikipedia.

Annual estimates of the fish caught by local fishermen in randomly selected fishing villages adjacent to Gbedikere Lake were determined using Catch Assessment (CAS). The studies were carried out within two seasons of low water (February) and high water (September) periods between 2006 and 2008. Annual fish catch varied from 537.4 mts to 576.9 mts at high water. Mean catch per boat ranged from 7.40 kg to 10.60 kg among the landing sites. A total of 12 fish species were identified belonging to ten families. The catches were dominated by cichlids with Orechromis niloticus dominating the overall catch compositions. Production estimate was compared with the catches obtained through experimental gill-net sampling and potential fish yield estimates using Ryder's Morpho -Edaphic Index (MEI) as modified by Henderson and Welcomme (1974). Contributions of the gears in use were also done with cast nets ranking above others (29%), followed by the set net (25%), hook and lines (16.6%), traps (16.6%), clap net (8.3%). Management measures were suggested.

An assessment of fertilizer use and other integrated practices was carried out with two hundred farmers selected by stratified random sampling from twenty villages in Kano and Katsina States of Nigeria. The farming system was mixed farming (legume-cereal-livestock mixture), as a strategy both to address nutrient management as well as their livelihoods (both food and income security). The major crops comprised maize, sorghum, millet, rice, soybean, groundnut and cowpea. The average farm size was 7.4 ha and livestock comprised an average of 14 goats, 15 poultry birds, 7 sheep and 9 cattle. An average of 63 kg fertilizer was applied per ha of land relative to about 649 kg of fertilizer requirement per hectare of the crops grown, very low relative to Asia and some other African countries such as South Africa, Malawi, Benin and Ethiopia. The livestock mix provided substantial farmyard manure for fertilizing the soils and supplemented farm drought animals / animal traction while the crop residues (legumes and cereals) provided feeds for the livestock. It was found that fertilizer use multiplies the returns on farmers' output by a factor of 2.1-14.6, which was relatively higher than previous findings (IFDC, 2002) for the same crops in Nigeria, but crop yields were comparatively less for other Sub-Saharan and Asian countries. The observed higher response coefficient could be explained by the use of organic/farmyard manures and other soil conservation practices. Farmers exploit land and the natural fertility of the soil through continuous cropping and poor fertilization (organic and inorganic). Critical environmental issues emanating from these are soil nutrient depletion, soil degradation by erosion, weed and pest invasion, all culminating in sustained low productivity. It was therefore concluded that sustained growth in agricultural productivity without environmental exploitation and degradation cannot be achieved unless efforts to enhance farmers' fertilizer use and organic fertilization are taken seriously. Efforts should be put in place to correct fertilizer market inadequacies, particularly to monitor the quality standard and guarantee farmers' access to fertilizers, as well as encourage National research and extension programs to emphasize economic use of basic local materials for effective fertilization of farmers' fields, reduced vulnerability to nutrient loss and drought, and increased agricultural productivity. © 2010 Academic Journals.

Ibitoye S.J.,Kogi State University
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2011

Most poultry equipments available in Nigeria are imported and the expensive nature of these equipment, the difficulties encountered in purchasing them, coupled with the problem of lack of fund has made large-scale production of poultry very difficult in Nigeria. This paper therefore, discusses the concept of indigenous technology and the relevance of indigenous technology to the economy of Nigeria. The paper further highlighted the food production problems in the country and finally explained the construction of poultry incubator using indigenous knowledge with the aid of local materials. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.

The length-weight, length-length relationship and condition factor of Synodontis robbianus in the lower Niger River (Idah), Nigeria was carried out. One hundred and fourteen (114) fish samples of total length ranging from 8.8-16.0 cm and weight between 4.3 g and 43.4 g collected between January and August, 2008 were analyzed. Results showed allometric growth for the sampled fish with regression coefficient (b-value) of 2.9926, 2.7620 and 2.8355 for males, females and combined sex respectively. The regression coefficient (b-value) for the length-length relationship was 0.9418, 0.9602 and 0.9510 for males, females and combined sex while the condition factor of all the sampled population varied from 1.57-3.83. The Idah area of River Niger in Kogi State is a good environment for growth, reproduction and survival of the fish species. © Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Sanda M.E.,Kogi State University
African journal of medicine and medical sciences | Year: 2010

The efficacy of Stresroak--an Ayurvedic product (India) was tested in cockerel chicks. Eighty day-old chicks were randomly allocated into four groups with 20 birds per group. Group 1 received Stresroak at the recommended dosage of 1 ml/20 birds for 5 days prior to the NDV vaccinations (i/o, LaSota and Komarov). Group 2 received Stresroak at double the recommended dosage prior to vaccinations. Group 3 received no treatment but had all the afore mentioned vaccinations while Group 4 received neither treatments nor vaccinations and therefore served as the control group. Sera samples were analyzed by Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) tests. There was no significant immunostimulation by Stresroak except on days 42 and 63 of life during the period of this study. It is therefore concluded that the manufacturer's claim of immunomodulatory property of Stresroak could not be validated in the humoral immunity studied. It is therefore suggested that further works be conducted using immunosuppressed hosts like birds with subclinical IBD and coccidiosis. In addition, research can be extended to the cell-mediated immunity.

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