Kogi State, Nigeria

Kogi State University

Kogi State, Nigeria

Kogi State University, located at Anyigba, is the University of Kogi State, Nigeria. It was established in 1999 by Prince Abubakar Audu, the former governor of the state. At the time of its establishment, it was known as Kogi State University, It was named Prince Abubakar Audu University in 2002 and later renamed Kogi State University in 2003.Professor S.K. Okwute was the pioneer Vice Chancellor and currently back to University of Abuja. Professor F.S. Idachaba Professor of Agric-Economics, took over between 2005 to 2008 and has now retired to work in his foundation . The incumbent Vice Chancellor is Professor Hassan S. Isah , from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, took over in October, 2008.Kogi State University commenced academic activities in April, 2000 in six Faculties. Namely; Faculties of Agriculture, Arts and Humanities, Law, Management science, Natural science and Social science, presently comprising about 30 Departments. The University has commenced the establishment of Faculty of Medicine with the office and laboratory complexes under construction. The Centre for Pre-Degree and Diploma Studies was established under the present University administration to run diploma and pre-degree programmes. Students of the pre-degree programme could gain admission into degree programme if they are successful in the internal exams and need not write the Post-UTME exams but most have at least 180 JAMB cut-off mark.The University offer many courses such as Microbiology, Biochemistry, Geology, Physics, Mathematics, Computer science, Law, Public Administration, Statistics, Business Administration, Accounting, Banking and Finance, Theatre Arts, Food, Nutritions and Home science, Agricultural Economics and Extesion, Crop Production, Animal Production, Soil Science, Food Science and Technology, Fishery and Forestry, Islamic Studies, Religious and Philosophy, English, History and International Studies, Sociology, Mass Communication, Economics, e.t.c. About 90% of the courses offered in the university are accredited by the Nigeria University Commission . The Institution started with a student population of about 700 which as at 2009/2010 admission exercise has grown to about 9,000. It admits qualified students who choose it as his or her first or second choice of institution and pass its post-UTME exams. Its cut-off mark for candidates to be qualified for the Post-UTME exams is 180. Wikipedia.

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Anosike C.A.,University of Nigeria | Obidoa O.,Kogi State University | Ezeanyika L.U.,University of Nigeria
DARU, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: Some observations and reports show that people with high consumption of Solanum aethiopicum (African garden egg) have relief in arthritic pains and swelling. We aimed at assessing the effect of methanol extract of Solanum aethiopicum in experimentally induced inflammation using leukocyte mobilization and vascular permeability tests in rats and human red blood cell (HRBC) membrane stabilization as studies. Methods. Twenty five (25) adult Wistar rats of either sex (120 g - 200 g) divided into five groups of five rats each were used for each of the animal models. Groups 2, 3 and 4 were administered varied doses of the extract (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg), while groups 1 (vehicle control) and 5 (treatment control) received normal saline and indomethacin (50 mg/kg) respectively. Vascular permeability was induced by the intra-peritoneal injection of 1 ml of acetic acid and monitored using 0.5 ml intravenous injection of 1% Evans blue solution. Leukocyte mobilization was induced by the intra-peritoneal injection of 0.5 ml of 3% agar suspension in normal saline. Heat and hypotonicity induced heamolysis of HRBC membrane was used to assess membrane stabilization. Results: The methanol extracts of garden egg significantly and dose dependently reduced (p0.05) the acetic acid induced vascular permeability and agar induced leukocyte mobilization in rats. The percentage inhibitions of induced vascular permeability were 21 3.39, 25 1.92 and 60 3.81 for the 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg of the extract while the inhibitions of the agar induced leucocyte migration were 23 2.17, 26 1.58 and 32 1.58 for the 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg of the extract respectively. The extract also, at doses of 100, 200, 400, 600 and 800 g/ml significantly inhibited heat induced lysis of the human red cell membrane with values of 66.46 2.89, 65.14 4.58, 46.53 2.52, 61.88 4.51and 86.67 3.06 respectively. Conclusions: These results show that methanol extract of Solanum aethiopicum has anti-inflammatory properties and can reduce inflammatory injury and tissue damage. © 2012 Anosike et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Sanda M.E.,Kogi State University
African journal of medicine and medical sciences | Year: 2010

The efficacy of Stresroak--an Ayurvedic product (India) was tested in cockerel chicks. Eighty day-old chicks were randomly allocated into four groups with 20 birds per group. Group 1 received Stresroak at the recommended dosage of 1 ml/20 birds for 5 days prior to the NDV vaccinations (i/o, LaSota and Komarov). Group 2 received Stresroak at double the recommended dosage prior to vaccinations. Group 3 received no treatment but had all the afore mentioned vaccinations while Group 4 received neither treatments nor vaccinations and therefore served as the control group. Sera samples were analyzed by Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) tests. There was no significant immunostimulation by Stresroak except on days 42 and 63 of life during the period of this study. It is therefore concluded that the manufacturer's claim of immunomodulatory property of Stresroak could not be validated in the humoral immunity studied. It is therefore suggested that further works be conducted using immunosuppressed hosts like birds with subclinical IBD and coccidiosis. In addition, research can be extended to the cell-mediated immunity.

An assessment of fertilizer use and other integrated practices was carried out with two hundred farmers selected by stratified random sampling from twenty villages in Kano and Katsina States of Nigeria. The farming system was mixed farming (legume-cereal-livestock mixture), as a strategy both to address nutrient management as well as their livelihoods (both food and income security). The major crops comprised maize, sorghum, millet, rice, soybean, groundnut and cowpea. The average farm size was 7.4 ha and livestock comprised an average of 14 goats, 15 poultry birds, 7 sheep and 9 cattle. An average of 63 kg fertilizer was applied per ha of land relative to about 649 kg of fertilizer requirement per hectare of the crops grown, very low relative to Asia and some other African countries such as South Africa, Malawi, Benin and Ethiopia. The livestock mix provided substantial farmyard manure for fertilizing the soils and supplemented farm drought animals / animal traction while the crop residues (legumes and cereals) provided feeds for the livestock. It was found that fertilizer use multiplies the returns on farmers' output by a factor of 2.1-14.6, which was relatively higher than previous findings (IFDC, 2002) for the same crops in Nigeria, but crop yields were comparatively less for other Sub-Saharan and Asian countries. The observed higher response coefficient could be explained by the use of organic/farmyard manures and other soil conservation practices. Farmers exploit land and the natural fertility of the soil through continuous cropping and poor fertilization (organic and inorganic). Critical environmental issues emanating from these are soil nutrient depletion, soil degradation by erosion, weed and pest invasion, all culminating in sustained low productivity. It was therefore concluded that sustained growth in agricultural productivity without environmental exploitation and degradation cannot be achieved unless efforts to enhance farmers' fertilizer use and organic fertilization are taken seriously. Efforts should be put in place to correct fertilizer market inadequacies, particularly to monitor the quality standard and guarantee farmers' access to fertilizers, as well as encourage National research and extension programs to emphasize economic use of basic local materials for effective fertilization of farmers' fields, reduced vulnerability to nutrient loss and drought, and increased agricultural productivity. © 2010 Academic Journals.

Annual estimates of the fish caught by local fishermen in randomly selected fishing villages adjacent to Gbedikere Lake were determined using Catch Assessment (CAS). The studies were carried out within two seasons of low water (February) and high water (September) periods between 2006 and 2008. Annual fish catch varied from 537.4 mts to 576.9 mts at high water. Mean catch per boat ranged from 7.40 kg to 10.60 kg among the landing sites. A total of 12 fish species were identified belonging to ten families. The catches were dominated by cichlids with Orechromis niloticus dominating the overall catch compositions. Production estimate was compared with the catches obtained through experimental gill-net sampling and potential fish yield estimates using Ryder's Morpho -Edaphic Index (MEI) as modified by Henderson and Welcomme (1974). Contributions of the gears in use were also done with cast nets ranking above others (29%), followed by the set net (25%), hook and lines (16.6%), traps (16.6%), clap net (8.3%). Management measures were suggested.

Ibitoye S.J.,Kogi State University
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2011

Most poultry equipments available in Nigeria are imported and the expensive nature of these equipment, the difficulties encountered in purchasing them, coupled with the problem of lack of fund has made large-scale production of poultry very difficult in Nigeria. This paper therefore, discusses the concept of indigenous technology and the relevance of indigenous technology to the economy of Nigeria. The paper further highlighted the food production problems in the country and finally explained the construction of poultry incubator using indigenous knowledge with the aid of local materials. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.

Suleiman M.N.,Kogi State University
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2010

The in vitro fungitoxic activity of crude extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica) (A.) Juss) and pawpaw (Carica papaya) (L.) on Alternaria solani, isolated from rotting yam tubers whose pathogenicity has been proven and assessed. The organic solvent (methanol) extracts of leaves of neem and pawpaw at 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% concentrations were tested on potato dextrose agar (PDA) for activity against the mycelia growth were determined. The replicated plates were incubated for 5 days at 27±2oC. The results showed that the extracts had fungitoxic components that retarded the mycelia growth and of course the disease incidence The mean percentage inhibition of mycelia growth was highest in plates containing extract of pawpaw leaves at various concentrations tested, with the mean percentage inhibition value significantly (P < 0.05) higher than in plates containing extract of neem. The inhibitory action of the extracts on mycelia growth increased with increase in concentration. © 2010, American-Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.

The length-weight, length-length relationship and condition factor of Synodontis robbianus in the lower Niger River (Idah), Nigeria was carried out. One hundred and fourteen (114) fish samples of total length ranging from 8.8-16.0 cm and weight between 4.3 g and 43.4 g collected between January and August, 2008 were analyzed. Results showed allometric growth for the sampled fish with regression coefficient (b-value) of 2.9926, 2.7620 and 2.8355 for males, females and combined sex respectively. The regression coefficient (b-value) for the length-length relationship was 0.9418, 0.9602 and 0.9510 for males, females and combined sex while the condition factor of all the sampled population varied from 1.57-3.83. The Idah area of River Niger in Kogi State is a good environment for growth, reproduction and survival of the fish species. © Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Salawu O.W.,Kogi State University | Abdulsalam O.A.,Kogi State University
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2011

A series of new acid hydrazides have been synthesized by reaction of novel ligands Acetic acid (3- chloro - 4 - hydroxyl benzylidene)-hydrazide (A), Acetic acid (2 - nitro - benzaylidene)-hydrazide (B) with cadimium (II) bromide, These new complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and UV spectral techniques. The changes observed between the FT-IR and UV-Vis spectra of the ligands and of the complexes allowed us to establish the coordination mode of the metal in complexes. The results suggest that the Schiff bases coordinate as univalent anions with their two dentate N, O donors derived from the carbonyl and azomethine nitrogen. This newly synthesized compounds have been tested against grampositive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus) and gram-negative bacteria (E.coli and Salmonella typhi) for their antibacterial activity.

Ocheni S.I.,Kogi State University
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences | Year: 2015

Everybody appreciates the fact that when motorists pay more for fuel, the transport fare increases. This has been the case even when the increase is only marginal. In the particular case where the cost of fuel is expected to double, the increase in transport fare will be astronomical. This will in turn affect everything else – school fees, house rent, just name it. Therefore, this study took a critical look at the impact of Fuel price increase on the Nigerian economy(Whether negative or positive).The study adopted a survey research design approach to evaluate the level of effect the fuel price increase has on the Nigeria economy. The population of the study is made up of Civil Servants -CS, market men and women-MMW and staff in the private sectors- SPS concerned with petrol and gas affairs. A sample size of 120 persons was selected at random. It was distributed as follows: Civil Servants (18), market men and women (55) and staff in the private sectors (47). A pre test was conducted and outcome yield “r”= 0.92 indicating a high degree of consistency and reliability. The instrument was 8- term survey questionnaire with a - 5 Likert scale response options of Very Relevant (VR), Relevant (R), No Effect (NE) Irrelevant (I), and Very Irrelevant (VI). The questionnaire was structured in line with the research objectives, questions and hypothesis of the study. The Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was used to confirm formulated hypotheses. Finding revealed that there is a significant relationship between the recent increases in fuel prices and economic growth in Nigeria. It was also discovered that the Nigeria economy is not developing because of the effect of fuel price hike on purchasing power and finally the finding showed that there is significant relationship between increase in pump price of petroleum and food security. The paper therefore recommended that Government should retain fuel subsidy while expediting the construction of the three proposed refineries; Fuel subsidy should be removed as soon as these new refineries are commissioned; the proposed rehabilitation of the existing refineries should be expedited; Government should vigorously pursue the revitalization of the railways. If only Nigerians had alternative to road transport, all this noise about fuel subsidy removal would not have been there and Private companies should be encouraged to start building refineries now with the assurance that subsidy would be removed before they start production. © 2015, Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research. All rights reserved.

Ibitoye Dr. S.J.,Kogi State University
American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture | Year: 2010

The study investigated the influence of farm size, educational status and income level on the adoption of Downy Mildew Resistant Variety of maize in Kogi State, Nigeria. A set of structured questionnaire were administered to 240 respondents randomly selected from eight communities in the sate. The sampled farmers were categorized into three groups according to farm size (less than 3.0 Ha, 3.0Ha-5.0Ha and above 5.0Ha), educational status (illiterates primary and College-Graduate) and income levels (less than N50,000, N50,000-N100,000 and above N100,000). A technique of dynamic programming was used to analyse the problem. The result shows that large scale farmers (above 5.0Ha), educated farmers (College-Graduate) and high income level farmer (above N100,000) have the highest influence on the use of Downy Mildew Resistant (DMR) variety of maize in the state. Finally, suggestions were proffered on ways to improve the use of DMR variety of maize in Kogi State. © 2010, American Eurasian Network for Scientific Information.

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