Izmit, Turkey
Izmit, Turkey

The University of Kocaeli is a state university in Kocaeli, Turkey. It was founded as the Academy of Engineering and Architecture of Kocaeli in 1976. The electrical and mechanical engineering departments, basic science, and department of modern languages were the original departments of the academy. It became a part of Yıldız University in 1982.On July 1992, the Turkish government decided to build 22 universities nationwide, including Kocaeli University. Before the 1999 İzmit earthquake, which can be regarded as the turning point for the rebirth of the university, Kocaeli University had approximately 20,000 students, 1,150 educational staff and a campus of 650,000 square meters. Kocaeli University lost nearly 75% of its physical structure in the earthquake, but its prior expansion site Arslanbey Campus rapidly compensated for the university's losses.The university moved to Umuttepe Campus in 2004.Kocaeli University's central Umuttepe Campus is located just outside of Izmit in the region of Kocaeli, the most heavily industrialized region of Turkey. Most of its faculties are in this campus, except the Faculty of Fine Arts, the Faculty of Architecture & Design, the Faculty of Dentistry, and the Faculty of Animal Husbandry.Istanbul is only 90 kilometres away, and its secondary international airport was developed on a site 50 kilometres from Izmit, making the university much more accessible in recent years. Since Kocaeli is a near neighbour of Istanbul, a large number of its students come from Istanbul.The university has established a department of international relations which monitors Bologna developments closely and oversees KOU's participation in the Erasmus and Leonardo da Vinci student mobility schemes. With membership in the European University Association, KOU is aiming for greater international recognition of its academic work.The university, while focusing on technical and engineering subjects, offers an extensive selection of courses in social science and arts as well. Some steps toward certification by ABET are being taken by the Faculty of Engineering, such as adaptation of course content in engineering majors. Wikipedia.

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Turkey's geothermal energy potential suitable for electricity generation was estimated at nearly 4500 MW. In Turkey, work on power production from geothermal energy started in the second half of the 20th century. However, capacity build up and investments accelerated after 2000s. This is mostly related to Turkey's staggering economic growth in the last 10 years, which concurrently increased the country's energy demand. Also, renewable energy, especially geothermal energy, legislations passed and laws enacted in the last 10 years eased the process. The subsidies and supports to the private sector also positively affected the development of geothermal power plants. The growth of Turkey's energy market is a part of Turkey's ambitious Vision 2023 energy targets. One of the main aims of which is to produce 30% of Turkey's electricity demand in 2023 from renewable energy sources. However, geothermal energy has the smallest share (in terms of installed capacity) in the Vision 2023 energy targets set at 600 MW by the year 2023 (target, as of 2015, can be modified). This means geothermal power plants could only provide 0.5% of Turkey's installed capacity, which was estimated as 120,000 MW in the year 2023. In this study, it was pinpointed that geothermal energy installed capacity of Turkey reached to 623.9 MW at the end of 2015. This is critically important for the realisation of the Vision 2023 energy targets, and it is the first renewable energy target that has been fulfilled before 2023. Also, in this study, it was suggested to modify the Vision 2023 targets to increase the geothermal energy installed capacity to 1000 MW. By this way, the share of geothermal energy in Turkey's installed capacity of 2023 could rise to nearly 0.8%. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.4-2 | Award Amount: 7.77M | Year: 2012

The recent devastating earthquakes and associated tsunamis in Japan, Indonesia, and Haiti, which killed more than half a million people, highlighted how mankind is still far away from a satisfactory level of seismic risk mitigation. Among the regions around the Mediterranean Sea for which earthquakes represent a major threat to their social and economic development, the area around the Marmara Sea, one of the most densely populated parts of Europe, is subjected to a high level of seismic hazard. For this region the MARSITE project is proposed with the aim of assessing the state of the art of seismic risk evaluation and management at European level. This will be the starting point to move a step forward towards new concepts of risk mitigation and management by long-term monitoring activities carried out both on land and at sea. The MARSITE project aims to coordinate research groups with different scientific skills (from seismology to engineering to gas geochemistry) in a comprehensive monitoring activity developed both in the Marmara Sea and in the surrounding urban and country areas. The project plans to coordinate initiatives to collect multidisciplinary data, to be shared, interpreted and merged in consistent theoretical and practical models suitable for the implementation of good practices to move the necessary information to the end users.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 292.60K | Year: 2013

This project aims to examine the role of social work and its engagement with civil society in supporting vulnerable members of the community. It will examine the relationship within the context of social welfare reform in response to neoliberal reform and new public management initiatives. Social work provides an important role in civil society of protecting, supporting and advocating for societies vulnerable members. Whilst there is an agreed international definition of social work, the practice, structure and socio-political support for the profession varies internationally. The values, training and structure of the profession require social work to question how it should best service citizens through advocacy, promoting social cohesion, developing social capital and supporting broader public health for individual and communities. These services previously enjoyed support due to progressive policies aimed at reducing poverty, social inequality and social exclusion. They are however increasingly being subject to pressures of marketisation, austerity and statutory intervention, many of which may be impacting negatively on the profession. The structure of the profession and social welfare services, the role and changes across international and cultural boundaries and engagement with civil society in this regard is under researched, with few opportunities for the development of international researchers. The project involves EU and associated countries that are undergoing significant social and economic change, namely England, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Turkey, whilst non EU countries, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are newly advanced economic development countries. Through the development and co-ordination of trans-continental researchers it will enhance the understanding, knowledge base and develop models of global sustainable social welfare service delivery.


Kilic F.C.,Kocaeli University
Energy Education Science and Technology Part A: Energy Science and Research | Year: 2011

In this study, total pressure drop changes for all components of a loop heat pipe (LHP) have been investigated. A mathematical model to calculate the steady state performance of the LHP has been examined, as related to pressure drops considering a certain temperature range and applied heat flow rate. The calculations have been given for the evaporator, the vapor line, the liquid line, the condenser, and the subcooler. The energy transported by the LHP system is evaluated as a function of operating temperature. For the calculation Maple V mathematical problem solving and visualization system has been used. © Sila Science.


Kilic F.C.,Kocaeli University
Energy Education Science and Technology Part A: Energy Science and Research | Year: 2011

Energy is indispensable for human life. Energy is not only a measurement for economical and social improvement but also a fundamental human necessity. Every country in the planet are trying to find a way to solve energy problems such as depending on energy importation, all kind of environmental pollution, global warming, increasing cost of energy, and energy inefficiency. Industrial and technologic developments are continuing rapidly, the need of energy consuming is increasing accordingly, and also concerning the population increase; the governments are given vast amount of incentives for renewable energy for the solutions to these kinds of problems and for the aims to be realized, which are saving money, saving energy and therefore saving the world. In this study, recent renewable energy developments, the evaluation of renewable energy, the importance of renewable energy use, the incentives and subsidies, the renewable energy policies in Turkey are investigated. In this regard some barriers and recommendations are submitted. © Sila Science.


Ilgen O.,Kocaeli University
Fuel Processing Technology | Year: 2011

In this study, the catalytic activity of dolomite was evaluated for the transesterification of canola oil with methanol to biodiesel in a heterogeneous system. The influence of the calcination temperature of the catalyst and the reaction variables such as the temperature, catalyst amount, methanol/canola oil molar ratio, and time in biodiesel production were investigated. The maximum activity was obtained with the catalyst calcined at 850 °C. When the reaction was carried out at reflux of methanol, with a 6:1 molar ratio of methanol to canola oil and a catalyst amount of 3 wt.% the highest FAME yield of 91.78% was obtained after 3 h of reaction time. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Kucuk S.,Kocaeli University
Mechanism and Machine Theory | Year: 2013

This paper presents an optimization problem for the 3-degrees-of-freedom RRR fully planar parallel manipulator (3-RRR) based on the actuator power consumption. The optimization purposes to determine the optimal link and platform masses in order to minimize the electrical energy consumed by the actuators subject to the kinematic, geometric and dynamic constraints. The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), increasingly being used in various engineering applications, has been considered as the optimization tool. A discrete-time PID control scheme is designed for demonstrating the energy saving by means of the mass optimization. Finally the optimization results for the eight working modes of 3-RRR have been compared to each other and given in tables. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Omurca S.I.,Kocaeli University
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2013

Supplier evaluation and selection process has a critical role and significant impact on purchasing management in supply chain. It is also a complex multiple criteria decision making problem which is affected by several conflicting factors. Due to multiple criteria effects the evaluation and selection process, deciding which criteria have the most critical roles in decision making is a very important step for supplier selection, evaluation and particularly development. With this study, a hybridization of fuzzy c-means (FCM) and rough set theory (RST) techniques is proposed as a new solution for supplier selection, evaluation and development problem. First the vendors are clustered with FCM algorithm then the formed clusters are represented by their prototypes that are used for labeling the clusters. RST is used at the next step of modeling where we discover the primary features in other words the core evaluation criteria of the suppliers and extract the decision rules for characterizing the clusters. The obtained results show that the proposed method not only selects the best supplier(s), also clusters all of the vendors with respect to fuzzy similarity degrees, decides the most critical criteria for supplier evaluation and extracts the decision rules about data. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Resilience is frequently viewed as an indicator of good adjustment following adversity such as traumatic events. Connor and Davidson (2003) developed a brief self-report scale to quantify resilience over 1000 participants. We collected the data from individuals who are exposed to devastating earthquakes that occurred in 1999 in Turkey. A total of 246 earthquake survivors from the disaster area, with the mean age 35.80 (S.D.= 8.6), completed the Turkish version of CD-RISC. The purpose of the study is to validate factor structure of the scale through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis using a Turkish sample. In this investigation 52% of the total variance was accounted for by three factors and the obtained factor structure was verified through confirmatory factor analyses. The results indicated that there was no statistical gender difference with regard to the Turkish version of CD-RISC scores. The Turkish version of the scale obtained a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.92. The results showed that the Turkish version of the CD-RISC is a valid and reliable measure of resilience. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion mode has some benefits compared to the most popular conventional combustion forms used in the internal combustion (IC) engines: spark ignition (SI) and compression ignition (CI). This combustion mode provides low oxides of nitrogen (NO x) emissions and high thermal efficiency. However, it can produce higher unburned hydrocarbon (UHC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions than those of conventional engines due to the lower combustion temperatures. In the naturally aspirated HCCI engines, the low engine output power limits its use in the current engine technologies. Intake air pressure boosting is a common way to improve the engine output power which is widely used in the high performance SI and CI engine applications. Therefore, in this study, the effect of inlet air pressure on the combustion characteristics and exhaust emissions of a direct injection homogeneous charge compression ignition (DI-HCCI) gasoline engine was investigated. For this purpose, a heavy-duty diesel engine was converted to a HCCI direct-injection gasoline engine. The experiments were performed at three different inlet air pressures while operating the engine at the same equivalence ratio and intake air temperature as in normally aspirated HCCI engine condition at different engine speeds. The start of injection (SOI) timing was set dependently to achieve the maximum engine torque at each test condition. The effects of inlet air pressure both on the combustion characteristics (such as cylinder pressure, heat release rate, engine efficiencies, and mean effective pressure) and on the exhaust emissions (such as CO, UHC and NO x) were discussed. The coefficients of variation (COV) of the indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) were also provided. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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