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Nishinomiya, Japan

Kobe College , abbreviated to KC, is a private non-sectarian liberal arts college located in Nishinomiya, Hyōgo, Japan. Chartered in 1948, it is the first women's college with university status in West Japan. Wikipedia.


Ohji M.,Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology | Harino H.,Kobe College | Arai T.,University of Tokyo
Marine Ecology Progress Series | Year: 2010

In order to examine the accumulation pattern of organotin compounds (OTs) in relation to the migration of diadromous fish, the concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) compounds and their derivatives were determined in the liver tissues of both sea-run (anadromous) and freshwater-resident (nonanadromous) types of the brown trout Salmo trutta. Ontogenic changes in the otolith strontium (Sr) and calcium (Ca) concentrations were examined along the life history transect to discriminate the migration types. The sea-run and freshwater-resident life history styles of S. trutta were found to coexist sympatrically based on the otolith Sr:Ca ratio. The otolith Sr:Ca ratio of sea-run S. trutta fluctuated strongly along the life history transect in accordance with the migration pattern between sea and freshwater. In contrast, the Sr:Ca ratios of freshwater-resident fish remained at constantly low levels throughout the otolith. There were generally no significant correlations between TBT and TPT accumulation and various biological characteristics such as total length (TL), body weight (BW) and sex. It is noteworthy that the TBT and TPT concentrations in sea-run S. trutta were significantly higher than in freshwater-resident individuals, although they are intraspecies. These results suggest that the sea-run S. trutta has a higher ecological risk of TBT and TPT exposure than the freshwater residents during their life history. © 2010 Inter-Research. Source


Ohji M.,Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology | Harino H.,Kobe College | Arai T.,University of Tokyo
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2011

To examine the accumulation pattern of organotins (OTs) in relation to the migration of diadromous fish, tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) and their derivatives were determined in the muscle tissue of both sea-run (anadromous) and freshwater-resident (nonanadromous) types of the white-spotted charr Salvelinus leucomaenis. Ontogenic changes in otolith strontium (Sr) and calcium (Ca) concentrations were examined along life history transect to discriminate migration type. Mean Sr:Ca ratio from the core to the edge of the otolith in sea-run individuals was significantly higher than those in freshwater-resident one. There were no significant correlations in S. leucomaenis between OT accumulation and various biological characteristics. It is noteworthy that TBT and TPT concentrations in sea-run type were significantly higher than those in freshwater-resident individuals, although they are both of the same species. These results suggest that sea-run S. leucomaenis have a higher ecological risk of OT exposure than freshwater-residents during their life histories. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


How do people inferentially evaluate others' levels of intimacy with friends? We examined the inferential evaluation of intimacy based on the observation of interpersonal communication. In Experiment 1, participants (N = 41) responded to questions after observing conversations between friends. Results indicated that participants inferentially evaluated not only goodness of communication, but also intimacy between friends, using an expressivity heuristic approach. In Experiment 2, we investigated how inferential evaluation of intimacy was affected by prior information about relationships and by individual differences in face-to-face interactional ability. Participants (N = 64) were divided into prior- and no-prior-information groups and all performed the same task as in Experiment 1. Additionally, their interactional ability was assessed. In the prior-information group, individual differences had no effect on inferential evaluation of intimacy. On the other hand, in the no-prior-information group, face-to-face interactional ability partially influenced evaluations of intimacy. Finally, we discuss the fact that to understand one's social environment, it is important to observe others' interpersonal communications. Source


Takaoka M.,Kobe College | Norback D.,Uppsala University
Indoor and Built Environment | Year: 2011

A study was undertaken to determine the association between the home environment along with the respiratory and allergy symptoms reported among female university students in Japan (N =153). A multiple logistic regression was applied for the determination and the study was controlled based on the age of the students, whether the student smokes and history of asthma/allergy suffering in parents. The characteristics of the population were: 15.7% are diagnosed asthma, 56.9% suffered pollen allergy, 15.7% cat allergy, 11.1% dog allergy, 25.0% wheeze in breathing, 24.2% suffered daytime breathlessness and 9.3% suffered nocturnal attacks of breathlessness. Evaluated characteristics were: 41.2% had a pet at home, 21.6% environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), 20.9% current dampness or moulds, 6.6% recent indoor painting, 7.2% new floor material, and 56.2% window condensation at home in winter. Wheeze was more common in concrete houses (OR = 3.33; p<0.05) and homes with water leakage and moulds infestation in the last 5 years (OR = 3.75; p<0.05), window condensation (OR=2.93; p<0.05) and ETS (OR=3.04; p<0.05). Nocturnal breathlessness was related to current building dampness (OR = 7.48; p<0.05), in particular to floor dampness. Furry pet allergy was more common in newer ( p<0.05) and newly painted homes (OR = 6.59; p<0.05). Airway infections were more common in homes with new floor material (OR=4.19; p<0.05). In conclusion, asthma, airway infections and allergies were common among female university students and related to home environmental exposures. © The Author(s), 2011. Source


The 7th edition of the UICC/AJCC TNM, and a new revision of the Japanese Classification for Gastric Cancer and Treatment Guidelines (Japanese Gastric Cancer Association) have been available since the beginning of 2010. One of the most important changes consists on the redefining and simplification of type D1/D2 lymphadenectomy depending on the type of gastrectomy performed (previously it depended on the location of the primary tumour), and the adoption of numeric criteria of TNM-7th Edition to evaluate the level of lymph node involvement (before, according to the anatomical location of the groups as regards the primary tumour). These changes attempt to make therapeutic management easier and a more uniform comparison of results between countries. The importance of these modifications in both systems justifies this exhaustive analysis and update of the new concepts for a correct management of gastric cancer. © 2010 AEC. Source

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