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Hiki N.,Cancer Institute Hospital | Kaminishi M.,Showa General Hospital | Yasuda K.,Red Cross | Uedo N.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Digestive Endoscopy | Year: 2012

Aim: Peppermint oil solution was found to be effective for reducing gastric spasm during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The aim of the present study was to assess whether the gastric peristalsis-suppressing effect is dose-dependently induced by L-menthol, the major constituent of peppermint oil, and to determine the recommended dose of an L-menthol preparation. Methods: In this phase II, multicenter, double-blind, dose-response study, 131 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive 20 mL of 0.4% L-menthol (n = 32), 0.8% L-menthol (n = 35), 1.6% L-menthol (n = 30), or placebo (n = 34). The primary efficacy measure was the proportion of subjects with no peristalsis in two time periods, 75 to 105 s after treatment and immediately before the completion of endoscopy. Results: The peristalsis-suppressing effect of L-menthol increased dose dependently (5.6%, 32.0%, 47.4% and 52.9% in the 0%, 0.4%, 0.8% and 1.6% groups, respectively: P < 0.001, one-tailed Cochran-Armitage trend test). As compared with the placebo group, the proportion of subjects with no peristalsis after administration was significantly higher in the 0.8% group (P = 0.015) and 1.6% group (P = 0.009). Adverse events in the L-menthol dose groups occurred with similar frequencies in the placebo group. Conclusion: L-menthol suppresses peristalsis in a dose-dependent manner, and the dose-response reaches a plateau at 0.8% L-menthol. Further Phase III studies are needed to establish the superiority of 0.8% L-menthol over placebo. © 2011 Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society.

Kubota A.,Kubota Clinic of Internal Medicine | Kubota A.,Kansai Electric Power Co. | Yabe D.,Kansai Electric Power Co. | Kanamori A.,Kanamori Diabetes Clinic | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Diabetes Investigation | Year: 2014

We analyzed the changes of glycemic control over 12 months and the factors influencing blood glucose in 162 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes having inadequate glycemic control despite sulfonylurea-based therapy who received add-on sitagliptin. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) decreased significantly after 4 weeks of treatment, and this improvement was maintained for 1 year, although HbA1c was slightly higher in week 52 than in week 24. Comparison of the patients showing a ≥0.4% increase of HbA1c between weeks 24 and 52 (n = 57) with the others (n = 105) showed a significant difference in the change of bodyweight, as well as the dose of glibenclamide (both P < 0.01). Although combined therapy with sitagliptin and a sulfonylurea seems to be effective for at least 1 year, blood glucose levels are more likely to increase again in patients who show greater weight gain after 24 weeks of treatment and those receiving a higher dose of glibenclamide. © 2014 The Authors.

Minami S.B.,National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center | Minami S.B.,Sensory Medical | Mutai H.,Sensory Medical | Nakano A.,Chiba Childrens Hospital | And 15 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2013

The hearing loss caused by GJB2 mutations is usually congenital in onset, moderate to profound in degree, and non-progressive. The objective of this study was to study genotype/phenotype correlations and to document 14 children with biallelic GJB2 mutations who passed newborn hearing screening (NHS). Genetic testing for GJB2 mutations by direct sequencing was performed on 924 individuals (810 families) with hearing loss, and 204 patients (175 families) were found to carry biallelic GJB2 mutations. NHS results were obtained through medical records. A total of 18 pathological mutations were identified, which were subclassified as eight inactivating and 10 non-inactivating mutations. p.I128M and p.H73Y were identified as novel missense GJB2 mutations. Of the 14 children with biallelic GJB2 mutations who passed NHS, eight were compound heterozygotes and 3 were homozygous for the c.235delC mutation in GJB2, and the other three combinations of non-c.235delC mutations identified were p.Y136X-p.G45E/p.V37I heterozygous, c.512ins4/p.R143W heterozygous, and p.V37I/p.R143W heterozygous. These 14 cases demonstrate that the current NHS does not identify all infants with biallelic GJB2 mutations. They suggest that the frequency of non-penetrance at birth is approximately 6.9% or higher in DFNB1 patients and provide further evidence that GJB2 hearing loss may not always be congenital in onset. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Nagano N.,Kobari General Hospital | Yamamoto T.,Juntendo University | Amano A.,Juntendo University | Kikuchi K.,Juntendo University
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2010

A 76-year-old woman had a chest pain and high fever, and was admitted to the intensive care unit diagnosed as acute pericarditis. Enhanced CT-scan showed a 47-mm aneurysm in the aortic arch which seemed to be impending rupture and the part of the aorta looked like a pseudoaneurysm. Emergent total aortic arch replacement with a rifampicin-bonded Dacron graft was performed. Pericardial effusion was purulent and the aorta was infected with pus discharge in the aortic wall. There were some ulcerations on the surface of the luminal wall of the aorta. One of them was penetrating into the pericardial space causing a pseudoaneurysm. Both pericardial effusion and excised aortic wall were sent to culture study and resulted in positive for Streptococcus pneumoniae. The infection of the aorta, with erosion into the pericardial space, seemed to be the cause of purulent pericarditis. Antibiotic therapy was commenced immediately after surgery and continued for four weeks. Though she had neurological deficit after surgery, her infection was well controlled and there was no recurrence of infection 11 months after surgery.

Matsuo N.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Yokoyama K.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Maruyama Y.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Ueda Y.,Jikei University School of Medicine | And 11 more authors.
Clinical Nephrology | Year: 2010

Aims: Although peritoneal dialysis (PD) is recommended as the first-line treatment for end-stage renal disease, limitations exist to achieving good clinical status when the residual renal function (RRF) has declined. Combined therapy with PD and hemodialysis (HD) is the treatment of choice for patients who cannot control body fluid status and/or cannot obtain adequate solute removal by PD alone. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of this combined therapy. Methods: In this retrospective study, 53 patients on PD and diagnosed with underdialysis and/or overhydration with declining RRF were recruited. Parameters of volume control, uremic solute removal, anemia, and predictors for encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) were compared before and 1 year after combined therapy. Results: The patients' hydration status improved significantly with reductions in atrial natriuretic peptide and blood pressure. Serum creatinine and β2 microglobulin also decreased significantly. The hemoglobin level increased remarkably from 8.2 ± 1.6 to 10.7 ± 1.2 g/dl (p < 0.01) and the reticulocyte count also increased significantly, even though at the same time the dose of recombinant human erythropoietin decreased significantly. The dialysate to plasma creatinine ratio obtained fromthe fast peritoneal equilibration test (PET) decreased significantly from 0.65 ± 0.11 to 0.59 ± 0.13, and the level of interleukin 6 in PET drainage also significantly decreased. Furthermore, serum C-reactive protein and fibrinogen decreased significantly. Conclusions: Combined therapy with PD and HD is an effective way to control fluid status and to correct inadequate solute removal, leading to improvement in inflammation, peritoneal function and anemia. ©2010 Dustri-Verlag Dr. K. Feistle.

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