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Kazi J.U.,KN Biomedical Research Institute | Kazi J.U.,Opsonin Pharma Ltd
Frontiers of Biology in China | Year: 2011

Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of serine/threonine protein kinases that plays a central role in transducing extracellular signals into a variety of intracellular responses ranging from cell proliferation to apoptosis. Nine PKC genes have been identified in the human genome, which encode 10 proteins. Each member of this protein kinase family displays distinct biochemical characteristics and is enriched in different cellular and subcellular locations. Activation of PKC has been implicated in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. This review summarizes works of the past years in the field of PKC biochemistry that covers regulation and activation mechanism of different PKC isoforms. © 2011 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Kazi J.U.,Lund University | Kazi J.U.,KN Biomedical Research Institute | Kabir N.N.,KN Biomedical Research Institute | Flores-Morales A.,Novo Nordisk AS | Ronnstrand L.,Lund University
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences | Year: 2014

Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are a family of cell surface receptors that play critical roles in signal transduction from extracellular stimuli. Many in this family of kinases are overexpressed or mutated in human malignancies and thus became an attractive drug target for cancer treatment. The signaling mediated by RTKs must be tightly regulated by interacting proteins including protein-tyrosine phosphatases and ubiquitin ligases. The suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family proteins are well-known negative regulators of cytokine receptors signaling consisting of eight structurally similar proteins, SOCS1-7, and cytokine-inducible SH2-containing protein (CIS). A key feature of this family of proteins is the presence of an SH2 domain and a SOCS box. Recent studies suggest that SOCS proteins also play a role in RTK signaling. Activation of RTK results in transcriptional activation of SOCS-encoding genes. These proteins associate with RTKs through their SH2 domains and subsequently recruit the E3 ubiquitin machinery through the SOCS box, and thereby limit receptor stability by inducing ubiquitination. In a similar fashion, SOCS proteins negatively regulate mitogenic signaling by RTKs. It is also evident that RTKs can sometimes bypass SOCS regulation and SOCS proteins can even potentiate RTKs-mediated mitogenic signaling. Thus, apart from negative regulation of receptor signaling, SOCS proteins may also influence signaling in other ways. © 2014 Springer.

Lindblad O.,Lund University | Lindblad O.,Skane University Hospital | Li T.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Su X.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | And 8 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease of the myeloid lineage. About 35% of AML patients carry an oncogenic FLT3 mutant making FLT3 an attractive target for treatment of AML. Major problems in the development of FLT3 inhibitors include lack of specificity, poor response and development of a resistant phenotype upon treatment. Further understanding of FLT3 signaling and discovery of novel regulators will therefore help to determine additional pharmacological targets in FLT3-driven AML. In this report, we identified BEX1 as a novel regulator of oncogenic FLT3-ITD-driven AML. We showed that BEX1 expression was down-regulated in a group of AML patients carrying FLT3-ITD. Loss of BEX1 expression resulted in poor overall survival (hazard ratio, HR =2.242, p = 0.0011). Overexpression of BEX1 in mouse pro-B and myeloid cells resulted in decreased FLT3-ITD-dependent cell proliferation, colony and tumor formation, and in increased apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. BEX1 localized to the cytosolic compartment of cells and significantly decreased FLT3-ITD-induced AKT phosphorylation without affecting ERK1/2 or STAT5 phosphorylation. Our data suggest that the loss of BEX1 expression in FLT3-ITD driven AML potentiates oncogenic signaling and leads to decreased overall survival of the patients.

Kabir N.N.,KN Biomedical Research Institute | Ronnstrand L.,Skane University Hospital | Kazi J.U.,KN Biomedical Research Institute | Kazi J.U.,Skane University Hospital
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a highly malignant disease of myeloid cell line. AML is the most frequent adult leukemia with inadequate treatment possibility. The protein phosphatases are critical regulators of cell signaling, and deregulation of protein phosphatases always contribute to cell transformation. Although many studies established a relationship between protein phosphatases and leukemia, little is known about the role of this group of proteins in AML. To address this issue, we initially identified the complete catalog of human protein phosphatase genes and used this catalog to study deregulation of protein phosphatases in AML. Using mRNA expression data of AML patients, we show that 11 protein phosphatases are deregulated in AML within 174 protein phosphatases. The GO enrichment study suggests that these genes are involved in multiple biological processes other than protein de-phosphorylation. Expression of DUSP10, PTPRC, and PTPRE was significantly higher than average expression in AML, and a linear combination of DUSP10, MTMR11, PTPN4, and PTPRE expressions provides important information about disease subtypes. Our results provide an overview of protein phosphatase deregulation in AML. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Kazi J.U.,Lund University | Kazi J.U.,KN Biomedical Research Institute | Kabir N.N.,KN Biomedical Research Institute | Ronnstrand L.,Lund University
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences | Year: 2015

SRC-like adaptor protein (SLAP) is an adaptor protein structurally similar to the SRC family protein kinases. Like SRC, SLAP contains an SH3 domain followed by an SH2 domain but the kinase domain has been replaced by a unique C-terminal region. SLAP is expressed in a variety of cell types. Current studies suggest that it regulates signaling of various cell surface receptors including the B cell receptor, the T cell receptor, cytokine receptors and receptor tyrosine kinases which are important regulator of immune and cancer cell signaling. SLAP targets receptors, or its associated components, by recruiting the ubiquitin machinery and thereby destabilizing signaling. SLAP directs receptors to ubiquitination-mediated degradation and controls receptors turnover as well as signaling. Thus, SLAP appears to be an important component in regulating signal transduction required for immune and malignant cells. © 2015 Springer Basel.

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