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Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V. , best known by its initials KLM, is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands. KLM's headquarters is in Amstelveen near its hub at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. KLM operates scheduled passenger and cargo services to more than 130 destinations worldwide. It is the oldest airline in the world still operating under its original name. As of 2013 it had 32,505 employees.The merger of KLM with Air France in May 2004 formed the Air France-KLM Group, which is incorporated under French law with headquarters at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. Both Air France and KLM continue to fly under their distinct brand names as subsidiaries of the group. Air France and KLM are part of the SkyTeam alliance, the second largest in the world behind only the Star Alliance. Wikipedia.

De Haan S.,Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute | Bailey L.J.,Boeing Company | Konnen J.E.,KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques | Year: 2013

Aircraft observations of wind and temperature are very important for upper air meteorology. In this article, the quality of the meteorological information of an Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Contract (ADS-C) message is assessed. The ADS-C messages broadcast by the aircraft are received at air traffic control centres for surveillance and airline control centres for general aircraft and dispatch management. A comparison is performed against a global numerical prediction (NWP) model and wind and temperature observations derived from Enhanced Surveillance (EHS) air-traffic control radar which interrogates all aircraft in selective mode (Mode-S EHS). Almost 16 000 ADS-C reports with meteorological information were compiled from the Royal Dutch Airlines (KLM) database. The length of the data set is 76 consecutive days and started on 1 January 2011. The wind and temperature observations are of good quality when compared to the global NWP forecast fields from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Comparison of ADS-C wind and temperature observations against Mode-S EHS derived observations in the vicinity of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol shows that the wind observations are of similar quality and the temperature observations of ADS-C are of better quality than those from Mode-S EHS. However, the current ADS-C data set has a lower vertical resolution than Mode-S EHS. High vertical resolution can be achieved by requesting more ADS-C when aircraft are ascending or descending, but could result in increased data communication costs. © Author(s) 2013.

News Article
Site: www.greencarcongress.com

« Air pollution exposure found to be risk factor for type 2 diabetes | Main | Dalhousie team explores impact of different electrolyte solvents and electrolyte additives on high-voltage Li-ion cells » KLM Royal Dutch Airlines has signed a three-year contract for the supply of sustainable biofuel in Los Angeles. KLM will purchase sustainable biofuel for all its flights at this airport for a period of three years. The biofuel will be produced by the local biofuel refinery AltAir Fuels and supplied by SkyNRG. Los Angeles is the world’s second airport that has incorporated biofuel into its regular refueling process. The airport in Oslo, Norway, was first to do so in March this year. KLM was also involved in that initiative. Sustainable biofuel is currently one of the most effective ways to reduce CO emissions in the airline industry. Owing partly to the companies taking part in the KLM Corporate BioFuel Program, we have been able to take this step, giving a further impulse to the consistent production of biofuel. The KLM Corporate BioFuel Program enables businesses to ensure that sustainable biofuel is used for a portion of their air travel. Participants pay a surcharge that covers the difference in price between sustainable biofuel and regular kerosene. In so doing, they set an example and actively help to make air transport more sustainable. The KLM Corporate BioFuel Program is partnered by ABN AMRO, Accenture, CBRE Global Investors, FMO, FrieslandCampina, Amsterdam Municipality, Heineken, Loyens & Loeff, PGGM, Perfetti Van Melle, and the Schiphol Group. The biofuel is pumped directly into the airport fuel reservoirs, which also hold the airport’s conventional kerosene supply. SkyNRG supplies the sustainable biofuel, which is made from used cooking oil by AltAir Fuels in Los Angeles. AltAir Fuels is the first and only refinery in the world that continuously produces biofuel for aviation, making it the first that supplies biofuel to the airline industry on a commercial basis.

The jet biofuel was launched during a public event on 22 January, hosted by the Norwegian Minister of Transport, Ketil Solvik Olsen, and hosted by Avinor, the Norwegian airport operator. The agreement to use the fuel at Oslo Gardermoen Airport is the result of a collaborative effort between ITAKA (Initative Towards Sustainable Kerosene for Aviation) project partner SkyNRG, Avinor and Air BP. Produced within the framework of the ITAKA project, the jet biofuel is made from camelina oil that is RSB certified and has received a positive seal of approval from SkyNRG's sustainability board. The fuel will be supplied directly into Oslo's existing fuel hydrant system.The airport's common storage and distribution system will be used, negating the need for a separate segregated infrastructure. All airlines using Oslo Airport have been given the opportunity to use the fuel, with the Lufthansa Group being the first airline to confirm that they would be doing so in future. Following Lufthansa's announcement, the joint national Scandinavian airline SAS and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (an ITAKA consortium partner) have also committed to purchasing the jet biofuel. ITAKA partners hope that this will be the first step in the wider adoption of biofuel by other airlines and airports worldwide. Previously, airlines that wished to use alternatives to traditional standard jet kerosene had to have it specially brought in with a tanker truck equipped with a fuelling hydrant, increasing costs to airlines. With the fuel at Oslo being delivered through the normal supply mechanism, it has been demonstrated that biofuel can use existing physical infrastructure, significantly reducing logistical costs. The use of camelina oil ITAKA researchers see camelina oil as the best available sustainable feedstock that can be easily produced in Europe in order to meet expected demand for jet biofuel. Crucially for making the uptake of biofuel more attractive, no aircraft modifications are required, as it is converted into drop-in aviation fuel through a hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids (HEFA) pathway. The project is utilising four camelina plantations in Spain and these are complemented by smaller plantations in Romania. The fuel itself is refined in Finland by ITAKA project partner Neste. The ITAKA project aims to make a substantial contribution to the airline industry's commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and comply with international climate agreements. The EU has set itself the target of having 3.5 % of all airlines running on be biofuel by 2020. If more European airports adopt the Oslo integrated system championed by ITAKA, then this could indeed be a very realistic ambition. Explore further: KLM to turn used cooking oil into aviation biofuel More information: For more information please see the ITAKA project website: www.itaka-project.eu/default.aspx

News Article | November 6, 2015
Site: www.bloomberg.com

The possibility that Islamic terrorists smuggled a bomb onto a Russian jet flying home from Egypt highlights a new area of worry for aviation security: the insider threat. Instead of focusing on a small cadre of al-Qaeda forces trying to place explosives on planes, aviation security agencies may have to defend against far greater numbers of radicalized enemies -- including some who may be working at airports -- if suspicions about the crash prove true, according to a U.S. Congressman and two former security officials. Growing evidence suggests sympathizers of ISIS, an acronym for the Islamic State that is fighting against governments in Iraq and Syria, smuggled an explosive device aboard an Airbus A321 operated by Russian’s Metrojet that blew it up on Oct. 31, according to Representative Peter King, a New York Republican who serves on the House intelligence committee. The crash killed all 224 aboard. "It’s a hell of a wake-up call," King said. "It’s one that we should take advantage of to alert everyone of what can happen. This can happen anywhere in the world." John Halinski, a former chief of the U.S. Transportation Security Administration’s foreign operations, said that “If they decide that this is ISIS and this was a bomb on the aircraft, this creates a new threat to aviation.” Adding to the threat, Islamic State has lured thousands of westerners to the Middle East to join its fight or to receive terror training. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security plans as soon as Friday to announce enhanced security for U.S. airline flights operating internationally, according to a person familiar with the action who wasn’t authorized to speak about it. The person declined to specify what measures the agency would take and DHS often doesn’t disclose security actions. The manifest on the Metrojet flights hasn’t shown any passengers had a connection to terrorism, meaning "the odds are overwhelming" that an airport insider was involved, King said. Smaller airports around the world, including Egypt’s Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport, departure point for the doomed Metrojet plane, often lack rigorous screening for workers and have poor internal security measures, said Halinski. He was TSA’s deputy administrator for two years and is now a consultant, previously oversaw the agency’s inspections of security measures outside the U.S. Airport employees in the U.S. must renew security credentials as often as every six months, Halinski said. By contrast, outside of the U.S., Canada and Europe, airport workers only need to get background checks reviewed every five years. Other measures, such as performing random spot checks on workers, also aren’t enforced overseas, he said. Another senior U.S. lawmaker said an attack motivated by Islamic State should prompt a review of aviation security. “If it turns out to have been a terrorist attack, we will have to, I think, do a fresh look at airport security around the world and what steps should be taken to improve that security,” said Representative Adam Schiff of California, the top Democrat on the House intelligence committee. “I don’t know if it is a management problem or a training issue or technological challenge.” It also may be “a grave indication” that ISIS has developed much broader abilities to carry out attacks, Schiff said. President Barack Obama on Thursday said the U.S. hasn’t made a determination on whether there was a bomb on the Metrojet plane. “It is certainly possible that there was a bomb on board,” Obama said in an interview with Seattle radio station KIRO. White House press secretary Josh Earnest said an “ongoing process” was under way at the Department of Homeland Security, which oversees the TSA, to review “a number of different steps we can take to enhance security for commercial flights bound for the United States from certain foreign airports.” When new security measures are finalized, the government will work with air carriers and foreign governments to implement them, Earnest said. Airlines, meanwhile, have begun taking their own measures in the wake of the bombing reports. Air France-KLM’s KLM Royal Dutch Airlines said Thursday it would prohibit passengers flying out of Cairo to check luggage, according to a statement. Only carry-on bags will be allowed, the airline said. The primary worry when it came to smuggling explosives onto a plane in recent years has been al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, a militant group based in Yemen. Still, while the group possesses sophisticated bomb-making abilities, AQAP operates in a limited geographic region and has relatively few members, compared with Islamic State. Verification of a new aircraft bombing would be a reminder that the aviation sector remains a prime target for terrorists, said Rick Nelson, a fellow at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Program. “These terrorist groups are going to target aviation and we can’t let our guard down about these types of attacks,” Nelson said. Halinski said that while the worry over Islamic State-inspired plots is greatest at airports in hot spots such as Egypt, facilities in the U.S. and Europe aren’t immune to inside plotters. The TSA may want to increase its security reviews of airport workers, said Halinski. Currently, most employees at airports don’t undergo physical screening when they enter sensitive airport grounds. If the bombing is verified, the U.S. should "certainly start checking out employees more" at U.S. airports, King said. The screenings should apply to everyone working at the airports, he said. With commercial airports employing tens of thousands of workers, from cleaning crews to aircraft food vendors, the task of monitoring them more closely would add costs as well as complexity to airport security, he said. “It’s very, very difficult to mitigate that type of threat,” Halinski said.

Note to editors: An image is included with this press release on Marketwired's website. CAE announced today at the 14th European Airline Training Symposium (EATS) that it has signed an exclusive 5-year pilot training agreement with KLM Cityhopper, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines' regional subsidiary, to support the airline's Embraer 170/190 training needs in Europe. KLM Cityhopper pilots will begin training at CAE's centre in Amsterdam in 2016 on CAE E170/E190 full-flight simulators, as well as on a CAE flight training device (FTD) allowing practicing essential skills in a realistic virtual environment. "We are honoured to have been a training partner of KLM for 50 years, and we are proud that the airline selected CAE to support KLM Cityhopper's training needs in Europe," said Nick Leontidis, CAE's Group President, Civil Aviation Training Solutions. "We look forward to continuing our relationship with KLM by providing high quality pilot training services its crews." "We are pleased to continue our long-standing relationship with CAE," said Boet Kreiken, Managing Directorof KLM Cityhopper. "We are happy to provide our crews with professional training services for the Embraer and the last years of operation for the Fokker. We are confident that CAE will continue to deliver with its quality training services." KLM Cityhopper is a regional airline based at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in the Netherlands and was established in April 1991. Wholly-owned by Air France-KLM, KLM Cityhopper operates scheduled short-haul service to 54 destinations across the UK, Belgium, Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Croatia, Czech Republic, Poland Scandinavia, Italy, Luxembourg and Austria. The airline also operates as a feeder service into Schiphol for its parent's long-haul operations. KLM Cityhopper is a member of the SkyTeam Alliance. KLM Cityhopper currently operates a fleet of 47 aircraft consisting of 28 Embraer E190's and 19 Fokker 70 aircraft. The remaining Fokker 70 fleet will be replaced by new Embraer 175's and 190's over the next three years. CAE is a global leader in the delivery of training for the civil aviation, defence and security, and healthcare markets. We design and integrate the industry's most comprehensive training solutions, anchored by the knowledge and expertise of our 8,000 employees, our world-leading simulation technologies and a track record of service and technology innovation spanning seven decades. Our global presence is the broadest in the industry, with 160 sites and training locations in 35 countries, including our joint venture operations, and the world's largest installed base of flight simulators. Each year, we train more than 120,000 civil and defence crewmembers, as well as thousands of healthcare professionals. www.cae.com Note to editors: Photos of the signing ceremony are available on cae.com/photos To view the image accompanying this press release, please visit the following link: http://media3.marketwire.com/docs/1030908a_CAE_holding_hands_signing_ceremony.jpg This press release was issued to trade media.

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