Recklinghausen, Germany
Recklinghausen, Germany

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Singer O.C.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Haring H.-P.,Wagner Jauregg Hospital | Trenkler J.,Wagner Jauregg Hospital | Nolte C.H.,Charite Hospital | And 19 more authors.
Cerebrovascular Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: Clinical outcome after endovascular stroke therapy (EVT) for proximal anterior circulation stroke is often disappointing despite high recanalization rates. The ENDOSTROKE study aims to determine predictors of clinical outcome in patients undergoing EVT. Here we focus on the impact of age and recanalization on proximal middle cerebral artery (M1-MCA) or carotid T occlusion. Methods: ENDOSTROKE is an investigator-initiated, industrially independent multicenter registry launched in January, 2011, for consecutive patients undergoing EVT for large-vessel stroke. This analysis focuses on patients treated in 11 academic and nonacademic stroke centers with angiographically proven M1-MCA (n = 259) or carotid T occlusion (n = 103). Recanalization was defined as Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) score 2 or 3, and in patients with available Thrombolysis in Cerebral Ischemia (TICI) data (n = 309) as TICI scores 2b-3. Good outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-2 assessed after 3 months or later. Results: The median age was 68 years (25th and 75th percentiles: 56, 76 years), and the median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission was 16 (13, 19); 41% of the patients had a favorable (mRS scores 0-2), and 59% had an unfavorable (mRS scores 3-6) outcome; 83% reached TIMI 2-3 flow. Independent predictors of good outcome were younger age, lower initial NIHSS scores, TIMI 2/3 recanalization and lower serum glucose levels. Outcome was highly dependent on patients' age: 60% of the patients within the lowest age quartile (range: 18-56 years) experienced good clinical outcome, decreasing stepwise over 47% (57-68 years) and 37% (69-76 years) to 17% in the highest age quartile (77-94 years). The proportion of patients with poor clinical outcome despite TIMI 2/3 recanalization ('futile recanalization') increased dramatically from only 29% in the lowest age quartile over 34% and 40% (2nd and 3rd age quartiles) up to 53% in the highest age quartile. Results were similar in patients with available TICI scores, with 'futile recanalization' rates increasing from 24% to 46% (lowest to highest age quartile). Conclusions: This study emphasizes the dramatic impact of patients' age on outcome in EVT for M1-MCA or carotid T occlusion, even in the presence of recanalization. Reasons for this age-related decrease in clinically successful recanalization rates urgently need clarification and may comprise patient-related factors (age-related increase in cardioembolic strokes, collateral status, comorbidities) as well as periprocedural issues (tortuous vessel anatomy in the elderly, age-dependent negative impact of general anesthesia in EVT). © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Singer O.C.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Haring H.-P.,Wagner Jauregg Hospital | Trenkler J.,Wagner Jauregg Hospital | Nolte C.H.,Charite Hospital | And 20 more authors.
Neuroradiology | Year: 2013

Introduction: The ENDOSTROKE registry aims to accompany the spreading use of endovascular stroke treatment (EVT) in academic and non-academic hospitals. This analysis focuses on preprocedural imaging, patient handling and referral, as well as on different treatment modalities in mechanical recanalization. Methods: Data for this study were from observational registry study in 12 stroke centers in Germany and Austria with online assessment of prespecified variables concerning endovascular stroke therapy. Results: Data from 734 patients undergoing EVT were analyzed. Preferred imaging modality prior to EVT was CT (83 %) and CTA (78 %). In 95 %, EVT was performed under general anesthesia. In 55 % of patients, a combination of intravenous (IV) thrombolysis and EVT was used, followed by pure EVT (25 %), intra-arterial (IA) thrombolysis plus EVT (13 %) and IV + IA thrombolysis plus EVT (7 %). Intrahospital time delay until start of EVT was 91 and 99 min in anterior and vertebrobasilar circulation stroke, respectively. Average duration of EVT was 60 min. Overall thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade 2/3 recanalization rate was 85 %. Stent retrievers were used in 75 %, being associated with higher recanalization rates than non-stent retrievers. Hemorrhagic complications (symptomatic and asymptomatic) occurred in 12 %. Overall vessel occlusion time was approximately 60 min longer in patients being referred from a primary care hospital for EVT. Conclusion: This study gives an overview of procedure-related factors in current EVT practice. It gives estimates on preprocedural imaging modalities, periprocedural handling, and treatment combinations used for EVT. Patient referral for EVT from primary care hospitals is associated with longer vessel occlusion times. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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