Klinikum Klagenfurt

Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Austria

Klinikum Klagenfurt

Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Austria
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Westermaier T.,University of Würzburg | Stetter C.,University of Würzburg | Kunze E.,University of Würzburg | Willner N.,University of Würzburg | And 3 more authors.
Experimental and Translational Stroke Medicine | Year: 2013

This article reviews experimental and clinical data on the use of magnesium as a neuroprotective agent in various conditions of cerebral ischemia. Whereas magnesium has shown neuroprotective properties in animal models of global and focal cerebral ischemia, this effect could not be reproduced in a large human stroke trial. These conflicting results may be explained by the timing of treatment. While treatment can be started before or early after ischemia in experimental studies, there is an inevitable delay of treatment in human stroke. Magnesium administration to women at risk for preterm birth has been investigated in several randomized controlled trials and was found to reduce the risk of neurological deficits for the premature infant. Postnatal administration of magnesium to babies after perinatal asphyxia has been studied in a number of controlled clinical trials. The results are promising but the trials have, so far, been underpowered. In aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), cerebral ischemia arises with the onset of delayed cerebral vasospasm several days after aneurysm rupture. Similar to perinatal asphyxia in impending preterm delivery, treatment can be started prior to ischemia. The results of clinical trials are conflicting. Several clinical trials did not show an additive effect of magnesium with nimodipine, another calcium antagonist which is routinely administered to SAH patients in many centers. Other trials found a protective effect after magnesium therapy. Thus, it may still be a promising substance in the treatment of secondary cerebral ischemia after aneurysmal SAH. Future prospects of magnesium therapy are discussed. © 2013 Westermaier et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Lammer J.,Medical University of Vienna | Zeller T.,Universitaets Herzzentrum Freiburg Bad Krozingen | Hausegger K.A.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Schaefer P.J.,University of Kiel | And 10 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2013

Objectives The hypothesis that endovascular treatment with covered stents has equal risks but higher efficacy than bare-metal stents (BMS) in long femoropopliteal artery disease was tested. Background Although endovascular treatment of short superficial femoral artery lesions revealed excellent results, efficacy in long lesions remains unsatisfactory. Methods In a prospective, randomized, single-blind, multicenter study, 141 patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease were assigned to treatment with heparin-bonded, covered stents (Viabahn 72 patients) or BMS (69 patients). Clinical outcomes and patency rates were assessed at 1, 6, and 12 months. Results Mean ± SD lesion length was 19.0 ± 6.3 cm in the Viabahn group and 17.3 ± 6.6 cm in the BMS group. Major complications within 30 days were observed in 1.4%. The 12-month primary patency rates in the Viabahn and BMS groups were: intention-to-treat (ITT) 70.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.58 to 0.80) and 55.1% (95% CI: 0.41 to 0.67) (log-rank test p = 0.11); treatment per-protocol (TPP) 78.1% (95% CI: 0.65 to 0.86) and 53.5% (95% CI: 0.39 to 0.65) (hazard ratio: 2.23 [95% CI: 1.14 to 4.34) (log-rank test p = 0.009). In lesions ≥20 cm, (TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus class D), the 12-month patency rate was significantly longer in VIA patients in the ITT analysis (VIA 71.3% vs. BMS 36.8%; p = 0.01) and the TPP analysis (VIA 73.3% vs. BMS 33.3%; p = 0.004). Freedom from target lesion revascularization was 84.6% for Viabahn (95% CI: 0.72 to 0.91) versus 77.0% for BMS (95% CI: 0.63 to 0.85; p = 0.37). The ankle-brachial index in the Viabahn group significantly increased to 0.94 ± 0.23 compared with the BMS group (0.85 ± 0.23; p < 0.05) at 12 months. Conclusions This randomized trial in symptomatic patients with peripheral arterial disease who underwent endovascular treatment for long femoropopliteal lesions demonstrated significant clinical and patency benefits for heparin-bonded covered stents compared with BMS in lesions ≥20 cm and for all lesions in the TPP analysis. In the ITT analysis for all lesions, which was flawed by major protocol deviations in 8.5% of the patients, the difference was not significant. (GORE VIABAHN® endoprosthesis with bioactive propaten surface versus bare nitinol stent in the treatment of TASC B, C and D lesions in superficial femoral artery occlusive disease; ISRCTN48164244). © 2013 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Zebenholzer K.,Medical University of Vienna | Andree C.,CRP Sante | Andree C.,University of Basel | Lechner A.,Medical University of Graz | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Headache and Pain | Year: 2015

Background: Episodic and chronic headaches (EH, CH) are highly prevalent disorders. Severely affected patients are usually referred to headache centres. In Austria, at least one headache centre is available in seven of nine states, but detailed multicentre data are missing. Therefore we studied prevalence rates, use of medication and health care services, impact of headaches, and comorbid depression and anxiety. Methods: We included consecutive patients from eight Austrian outpatient headache centres. The patients filled-in the Eurolight questionnaire. In addition, the treating neurologist completed a questionnaire on clinical diagnoses and ever-before prophylactic medications. Results: Of 598 patients screened, 441 questionnaires were analysed (79 % female, mean age 41.1 years). According to the Eurolight algorithm, 56.4 % of the patients had EH, 38.3 % had CH and 5.2 % did not give their headache frequency. The prevalence rates of migraine, tension-type headache, and probable medication overuse headache (pMOH) were 48.5 %, 6.3 % and 15.9 %, respectively. The concordance between clinical and Eurolight diagnoses was good for EH and moderate for CH. During the preceding month, acute medication was used by 90.9 % of the patients and prophylactic medication by 34 %. Ever-before use of five standard prophylactic drugs was recorded in 52.3 %. The proportion of patients with current pharmacoprophylaxis did not differ in EH and CH, whereas ever-before use was more common in CH (62.5 % was 45,3 %, p = 0.02). Patients with CH significantly more often consulted general practitioners and emergency departments, had a lower quality of life and more often signs of depression and anxiety. Conclusion: This study provides comprehensive data from eight Austrian headache centres for the first time. We found a substantial number of patients with CH including pMOH and its association with more common utilization of health care facilities and greater burden. The low use of prophylactic medication requires further examination. © 2015, Zebenholzer et al.; licensee Springer.

Westermaier T.,University of Würzburg | Pham M.,University of Heidelberg | Stetter C.,University of Würzburg | Willner N.,University of Würzburg | And 4 more authors.
Neurocritical Care | Year: 2014

Introduction: This study was conducted to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic value of detailed neurological evaluation, transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) and Perfusion-CT (PCT) to predict delayed vasospasm (DV) and delayed cerebral infarction (DCI) within the following 3 days in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Methods: A total of 61 patients with aneurysmal SAH were included in the study. All patients were amenable for neurological evaluation throughout the critical phase to develop secondary ischemia after SAH. The neurological status was assessed three times a day according to a detailed examination protocol. Mean flow velocities (MFV) in intracranial vessel trunks were measured daily by TCD. Native CT and PCT were routinely acquired at 3-day intervals and, in addition, whenever it was thought to be of diagnostic relevance. The predictive values of abnormal PCT and accelerations in TCD (MFV > 140 cm/s) to detect angiographic DV and DCI within the following 2 days were calculated and compared to the predictive value of delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DIND). Results: The accuracy of TCD and PCT to predict DV or DCI was 0.65 and 0.63, respectively. In comparison, DIND predicted DV or DCI with an accuracy of 0.96. Pathological PCT findings had a higher sensitivity (0.93) and negative predictive value (0.98) than TCD (0.81 and 0.96). Conclusion: Neurological assessment at close intervals is the most accurate parameter to detect DV and DCI in the following 3 days. However, DIND may not be reversible. The routine acquisition of PCT in addition to daily TCD examinations seems reasonable, particularly in patients who are not amenable to a detailed neurological examination since it has a higher sensitivity and negative predictive value than TCD and leaves a lower number of undetected cases of vasospasm and infarction. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media.

Kau T.,Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology | Taschwer M.,Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology | Deutschmann H.,Medical University of Graz | Schonfelder M.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | And 2 more authors.
European Radiology | Year: 2013

Objectives: Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) may have the potential to depict the perivenous extent of white matter lesions (WMLs) in multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to assess the discriminatory value of the "central vein sign" (CVS). Methods: In a 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study, 28 WMLs in 14 patients with at least one circumscribed lesion >5 mm and not more than eight non-confluent lesions >3 mm were prospectively included. Only WMLs in FLAIR images with a maximum diameter of >5 mm were correlated to their SWI equivalent for CVS evaluation. Results: Five patients fulfilled the revised McDonald criteria for MS and nine patients were given alternative diagnoses. Nineteen MS-WMLs and nine non-MS-WMLs >5 mm were detected. Consensus reading found a central vein in 16 out of 19 MS-WMLs (84 %) and in one out of nine non-MS-WMLs (11 %), respectively. The CVS proved to be a highly significant discriminator (P < 0.001) between MS-WMLs and non-MS-WMLs with a sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and accuracy of 84 %, 89 %, 94 %, 73 % and 86 %, respectively. Inter-rater agreement was good (κ = 0.77). Conclusions: Even though the CVS is not exclusively found in MS-WMLs, SWI may be a useful adjunct in patients with possible MS. © 2013 European Society of Radiology.

Kau T.,Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology | Hauser M.,Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology | Obmann S.M.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Niedermayer M.,Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Neuroradiology | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flat panel detector CT in the angiography suite may be valuable for the detection of intracranial hematomas; however, abnormal contrast enhancement frequently mimics hemorrhage. We aimed to assess the accuracy of flat panel detector CT in detecting/excluding intracranial bleeding after endovascular stroke therapy and whether it was able to reliably differentiate hemorrhage from early blood-brain barrier disruption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients were included for retrospective evaluation following endovascular stroke therapy: 32 after stent-assisted thrombectomy, 14 after intra-arterial thrombolysis, and 27 after a combination of both. Flat panel CT images were assessed for image quality and the presence and type of intracranial hemorrhage and BBB disruption by 2 readers separately and in consensus. Follow-up by multisection head CT, serving as the reference standard, was evaluated by a single reader. RESULTS: Conventional head CT revealed intracranial hematomas in 12 patients (8 subarachnoid hemorrhages, 7 cases of intracerebral bleeding, 3 SAHs plus intracerebral bleeding). Image quality of flat panel detector CT was considered sufficient in all cases supratentorially and in 92% in the posterior fossa. Regarding detection or exclusion of intracranial hemorrhage, flat panel detector CT reached a sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of 58%, 85%, 44%, 91%, and 81%, respectively. Maximum attenuation measurements were not valuable for the differentiation of hemorrhage and BBB disruption. CONCLUSIONS: Flat panel CT after endovascular stroke treatment was able to exclude the rare event of an intracranial hemorrhage with a high negative predictive value. Future studies should evaluate the predictive value of BBB disruptions in flat panel detector CT for the development of relevant hematomas.

Steinwender G.,University of Graz | Lindner E.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Weger M.,University of Graz | Plainer S.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Objective:Polymorphisms of the vitamin D metabolism gene CYP27B1 showed associations with multiple autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible association between the rs703842 A>G polymorphism of the CYP27B1 gene and HLA-B27-associated uveitis.Design:One hundred fifty-nine patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis, 138 HLA-B27-negative controls and 100 HLA-B27-positive controls were recruited for this retrospective case-control study. Main outcome parameters were genotype distribution and allelic frequencies determined by polymerase chain reaction.Results:Carriers of the rs703842G allele were found significantly more often in patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis than in HLA-B27-positive controls (p = 0.03). Between patients and HLA-B27-negative controls no significant difference in the genotype distribution of the rs703842 A>G polymorphism was found (p = 0.97).Conclusions:Our data suggest that the rs703842 A>G polymorphism may play a role in HLA-B27-associated uveitis. © 2013 Steinwender et al.

Breschan C.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Platzer M.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Jost R.,Krankenhaus Spittal Drau | Stettner H.,Klagenfurt University | And 2 more authors.
Paediatric Anaesthesia | Year: 2012

Background: In this study, we analyze the impact of the choice of either the left or right brachiocephalic vein (BCV) on the cannulation success when using the ultrasound-guided supraclavicular in-plane technique approach to the longitudinally viewed BCV in infants. Methods: The central vascular protocols of 183 infants were reviewed retrospectively. Results: The weight ranged from 0.7 to 10 kg. Central venous catheter placement was eventually successful in 98.9%. In 141 patients (82.9%), the left BCV was successfully punctured on the first attempt, in 23 patients (13.5%) after 2 and in 6 patients (3.5%) after 3 attempts. The right BCV was successfully punctured on the first attempt in five patients (38.4%), in three patients (15.3%) after two and in five patients (38.4%) after three attempts, respectively. Significantly more puncture attempts were required for the right BCV (chi-square analysis: P < 0.01). There was also a significant improvement of the success rate over the time course of the case series (Jonckheere-test: P < 0.01). Conclusion: It seems to be easier to cannulate the left BCV than the right BCV when using this ultrasound-guided supraclavicular strict in-plane technique. Gaining experience with this method seems to improve the cannulation success. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Breschan C.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Jost R.,Krankenhaus Spittal Drau | Stettner H.,Klagenfurt University | Feigl G.,Medical University of Graz | And 3 more authors.
Paediatric Anaesthesia | Year: 2013

Objectives To analyze the applicability of US-guided rectus sheath block and to find out the efficacy of analgesia provided using this method without the need for opioids in conventional Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) surgery in infants. Background This study describes the provision of intra- as well as postoperative analgesia by the use of an ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block in infants undergoing conventional HPS surgery under general anesthesia. Methods/Materials The anesthetic protocols of 26 infants undergoing HPS surgery were reviewed retrospectively. Results The weight of the infants ranged from 2.6 to 4.6 kg. The rectus sheath block was regarded as successful in all patients as there was no heart rate increase upon surgical skin incision in any of the patients. Two out of 26 (7.6%) babies needed additional intraoperative rescue analgesia and were administered fentanyl at 20 and 40 min after skin incision. Two more (a total of 4; 15.3%) babies required postoperative analgesia and were administered tramadol droplets and liquid ibuprofen at 15, 120 and 150 min postoperatively. Duration of surgery was significantly longer in those two patients who required intraoperative rescue analgesia (Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test: P < 0.05). These were also the only two patients who received one intra- and one postoperative dose of opioid each (7.6%). Conclusion US-guided rectus sheath block seems to be a simple and quick method for the provision of intra- and postoperative analgesia in infants undergoing conventional HPS surgery. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Hausegger K.A.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Hauser M.,Klinikum Klagenfurt | Kau T.,Klinikum Klagenfurt
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology | Year: 2014

Mechanical thrombectomy (MTE) in patients with acute ischemic infarct caused by large-vessel occlusion is becoming used with increasing frequency in many stroke centers. With the introduction of stent retrievers, recanalization rates >80 % are reached by most operators. However, although the technical success rate of MTE has been increased, clinical results have not improved to the same degree. In this review, the indications for MTE, the technique, and the technical and clinical outcomes are discussed. Complications and predictors for good clinical outcome are described based on recent data from the literature. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE).

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