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Chemnitz, Germany

Foerster R.,University of Bonn | Foerster F.G.,Zwickau University of Applied Sciences | Wulff V.,Cancer Register of Southwest Saxony | Schubotz B.,Cancer Register of Chemnitz | And 4 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2011

Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease accounting for approximately 1% of all breast carcinomas. Presently treatment recommendations are derived from the standards for female breast cancer. However, those approaches might be inadequate because of distinct gender specific differences in tumor biology of breast cancer. This study was planned in order to contrast potential differences between female and male breast cancer in both tumor biological behavior and clinical management.Methods: MBC diagnosed between 1995-2007 (region Chemnitz/Zwickau, Saxony, Germany) was retrospectively analyzed. Tumor characteristics, treatment and follow-up of the patients were documented. In order to highlight potential differences each MBC was matched with a female counterpart (FBC) that showed accordance in at least eight tumor characteristics (year of diagnosis, age, tumor stage, nodal status, grade, estrogen- and progesterone receptors, HER2 status).Results: 108 male/female matched-pairs were available for survival analyses. In our study men and women with breast cancer had similar disease-free (DFS) and overall (OS) survival. The 5-years DFS was 53.4% (95% CI, range 54.1-66.3) in men respectively 62.6% (95% CI, 63.5-75.3) in women (p > 0.05). The 5-years OS was 71.4% (95% CI, 62.1-72.7%) and 70.3% (95% CI, 32.6-49.6) in women (p > 0.05). In males DFS analyses revealed progesterone receptor expression as the only prognostic relevant factor (p = 0.006). In multivariate analyses for OS both advanced tumor size (p = 0.01) and a lack of progesterone receptor expression were correlated (p = 0.01) with poor patients outcome in MBC.Conclusion: Our comparative study revealed no survival differences between male and female breast cancer patients and gives evidence that gender is no predictor for survival in breast cancer. This was shown despite of significant gender specific differences in terms of frequency and intensity of systemic therapy in favor to female breast cancer. © 2011 Foerster et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Lo-Coco F.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Avvisati G.,Biomedical University of Rome | Vignetti M.,Data Center | Thiede C.,Universitatsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus | And 38 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) with chemotherapy is the standard of care for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), resulting in cure rates exceeding 80%. Pilot studies of treatment with arsenic trioxide with or without ATRA have shown high efficacy and reduced hematologic toxicity. METHODS: We conducted a phase 3, multicenter trial comparing ATRA plus chemotherapy with ATRA plus arsenic trioxide in patients with APL classified as low-to-intermediate risk (white-cell count, ≤10×109per liter). Patients were randomly assigned to receive either ATRA plus arsenic trioxide for induction and consolidation therapy or standard ATRA- idarubicin induction therapy followed by three cycles of consolidation therapy with ATRA plus chemotherapy and maintenance therapy with low-dose chemotherapy and ATRA. The study was designed as a noninferiority trial to show that the difference between the rates of event-free survival at 2 years in the two groups was not greater than 5%. RESULTS: Complete remission was achieved in all 77 patients in the ATRA-arsenic trioxide group who could be evaluated (100%) and in 75 of 79 patients in the ATRA-chemotherapy group (95%) (P = 0.12). The median follow-up was 34.4 months. Two-year event-free survival rates were 97% in the ATRA-arsenic trioxide group and 86% in the ATRA-chemotherapy group (95% confidence interval for the difference, 2 to 22 percentage points; P<0.001 for noninferiority and P = 0.02 for superiority of ATRA-arsenic trioxide). Overall survival was also better with ATRA-arsenic trioxide (P = 0.02). As compared with ATRA-chemotherapy, ATRA-arsenic trioxide was associated with less hematologic toxicity and fewer infections but with more hepatic toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: ATRA plus arsenic trioxide is at least not inferior and may be superior to ATRA plus chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with low-to-intermediate-risk APL. Copyright © 2013 Massachusetts Medical Society. Source

Semrau S.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Zettl H.,University of Rostock | Hildebrandt G.,University of Rostock | Klautke G.,Klinikum Chemnitz | Fietkau R.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie | Year: 2014

Purpose: Considering the various comorbidities associated with aging, the feasibility and usefulness of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in older patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a controversial issue. Here, we compared the feasibility of CRT and the effects of various comorbidities on the prognosis of a minimally selected population of inoperable NSCLC patients aged 60–77 years.Patients and methods: The study comprised 161 patients with inoperable NSCLC who received CRT with a target radiation dose greater than 60 Gy and platinum-based chemotherapy from 1998 to 2007. The total population included 69 patients aged 60–69 years and 53 aged 70–77 years. These two age cohorts were included in the study with a follow-up of a median 14.5 months.Results: The two groups showed no differences in long-term survival, as reflected by the 5-year survival rates of 13.0 ± 4.1 % (60- to 69-year-olds) and 14.4 ± 4.9 % (70- to 77-year-olds). During the treatment phase, the groups were comparable in terms of toxicity and the feasibility of chemotherapy. Compared to patients in their 60s, the septuagenarians had more pulmonary comorbidities (p = 0.02), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.04), cardiac comorbidities (p = 0.08), and previous cancer disease (p = 0.08) that exerted a negative effect on survival. In patients without comorbidities, there were no differences between the age groups.Conclusion: Age is not a contraindication for concurrent CRT per se, because elderly patients do not have a worse long-term prognosis than younger seniors. However, “elderly patients” (≥ 70–77 years) have more concomitant diseases associated with shorter survival than “moderately aged patients” (≥ 60–69 years). © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Phatak P.,Rochester General Hospital | Brissot P.,Institut Universitaire de France | Wurster M.,Ohio State University | Adams P.C.,University of London | And 15 more authors.
Hepatology | Year: 2010

Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is characterized by increased intestinal iron absorption that may result in iron overload. Although phlebotomy is widely practiced, it is poorly tolerated or contraindicated in patients with anemias, severe heart disease, or poor venous access, and compliance can vary. The once-daily, oral iron chelator, deferasirox (Exjade) may provide an alternative treatment option. Patients with HH carrying the HFE gene who were homozygous for the Cys282Tyr mutation, serum ferritin levels of 300-2000 ng/mL, transferrin saturation $ge;45%, and no known history of cirrhosis were enrolled in this dose-escalation study to characterize the safety and efficacy of deferasirox, comprising a core and an extension phase (each 24 weeks). Forty-nine patients were enrolled and received starting deferasirox doses of 5 (n = 11), 10 (n = 15), or 15 (n = 23) mg/kg/day. Adverse events were generally dose-dependent, the most common being diarrhea, headache, and nausea (n = 18, n = 10, and n = 8 in the core and n = 1, n = 1, and n = 0 in the extension, respectively). More patients in the 15 mg/kg/day than in the 5 or 10 mg/kg/day cohorts experienced increases in alanine aminotransferase and serum creatinine levels during the 48-week treatment period; six patients had alanine aminotransferase >3× baseline and greater than the upper limit of normal range, and eight patients had serum creatinine >33% above baseline and greater than upper limit of normal on two consecutive occasions. After receiving deferasirox for 48 weeks, median serum ferritin levels decreased by 63.5%, 74.8%, and 74.1% in the 5, 10, and 15 mg/kg/day cohorts, respectively. In all cohorts, median serum ferritin decreased to <250 ng/mL. Conclusion: Deferasirox doses of 5, 10, and 15 mg/kg/day can reduce iron burden in patients with HH. Based on the safety and efficacy results, starting deferasirox at 10 mg/kg/day appears to be most appropriate for further study in this patient population. © 2010 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Source

Merkelbach S.,Heinrich Braun Klinikum Zwickau | Schulz H.,Helios Klinikum Erfurt | Kolmel H.W.,Helios Klinikum Erfurt | Gora G.,Fachkrankenhaus Hildburghausen | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2011

Fatigue is a frequent and disabling symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of the study was to compare fatigue and sleepiness in MS, and their relationship to physical activity. Eighty patients with MS rated the extent of experienced fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale, FSS) and sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale, ESS). The relationship between the scales was analysed for the scales as a whole and for single items. The clinical status of the patients was measured with the Extended Disability Status Scale (EDSS). In addition, physical activity was recorded continuously for 1 week by wrist actigraphy. The mean scores of fatigue and sleepiness were significantly correlated (FSS vs. ESS r = 0.42). Single item analysis suggests that fatigue and sleepiness converge for situations that demand self-paced activation, while they differ for situations in which external cues contribute to the level of activation. While fatigue correlated significantly with age (r = 0.40), disease severity (EDSS, r = 0.38), and disease duration (r = 0.25), this was not the case for sleepiness. Single patient analysis showed a larger scatter of sleepiness scores in fatigued patients (FSS > 4) than in non-fatigued patients. Probably, there is a subgroup of MS patients with sleep disturbances that rate high on ESS and FSS. The amount of physical activity, which was measured actigraphically, decreased with disease severity (EDSS) while it did not correlate with fatigue or sleepiness. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

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