Lo-Coco F.,University of Rome Tor Vergata |
Lo-Coco F.,Santa Lucia Foundation |
Avvisati G.,Biomedical University of Rome |
Vignetti M.,Data Center |
And 39 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2013
BACKGROUND: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) with chemotherapy is the standard of care for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), resulting in cure rates exceeding 80%. Pilot studies of treatment with arsenic trioxide with or without ATRA have shown high efficacy and reduced hematologic toxicity. METHODS: We conducted a phase 3, multicenter trial comparing ATRA plus chemotherapy with ATRA plus arsenic trioxide in patients with APL classified as low-to-intermediate risk (white-cell count, ≤10×109per liter). Patients were randomly assigned to receive either ATRA plus arsenic trioxide for induction and consolidation therapy or standard ATRA- idarubicin induction therapy followed by three cycles of consolidation therapy with ATRA plus chemotherapy and maintenance therapy with low-dose chemotherapy and ATRA. The study was designed as a noninferiority trial to show that the difference between the rates of event-free survival at 2 years in the two groups was not greater than 5%. RESULTS: Complete remission was achieved in all 77 patients in the ATRA-arsenic trioxide group who could be evaluated (100%) and in 75 of 79 patients in the ATRA-chemotherapy group (95%) (P = 0.12). The median follow-up was 34.4 months. Two-year event-free survival rates were 97% in the ATRA-arsenic trioxide group and 86% in the ATRA-chemotherapy group (95% confidence interval for the difference, 2 to 22 percentage points; P<0.001 for noninferiority and P = 0.02 for superiority of ATRA-arsenic trioxide). Overall survival was also better with ATRA-arsenic trioxide (P = 0.02). As compared with ATRA-chemotherapy, ATRA-arsenic trioxide was associated with less hematologic toxicity and fewer infections but with more hepatic toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: ATRA plus arsenic trioxide is at least not inferior and may be superior to ATRA plus chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with low-to-intermediate-risk APL. Copyright © 2013 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Jurgensen C.,Charite University Campus Mitte |
Neser F.,Klinikum Chemnitz |
Boese-Landgraf J.,Klinikum Chemnitz |
Schuppan D.,University Mainz |
And 2 more authors.
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2012
Background Findings have shown endoscopic necrosectomy to be beneficial for patients with symptomatic pancreatic necrosis accessible for an endoscopic approach. The available studies show that endoscopic necrosectomy requires a multitude of subsequent procedures including repeat irrigation for removal of the necrotic material. This study aimed to investigate the need for additional irrigation in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis treated by endoscopic necrosectomy. Methods The study enrolled 35 consecutive patients (27 men) with a median age of 59 years who had pancreatic necrosis treated with endoscopic necrosectomy. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided internal drainage and consecutive endoscopic necrosectomy was combined with interval multistenting of the cavity. Neither endoscopic nor external irrigation was part of the procedure. Results An average of 6.2 endoscopy sessions per patient were needed for access, necrosectomy, and stent management. The in-hospital mortality rate was 6% (2/35), including one procedure-related death resulting from postinterventional aspiration. The immediate morbidity rate was 9% (3/35). It was possible to achieve clinical remission for all the surviving patients with no additional surgery needed for management of the necroses. The median follow-up period was 23 months. Conclusion Neither endoscopic nor external flushing is needed for successful endoscopic treatment of symptomatic necroses. Even without irrigation, the outcome for patients treated with endoscopic necrosectomy is comparable to that described in the published data. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.
PubMed | University Hospital Jena, University of Würzburg, Clinical Investigation Center, Asklepios Klinikum Weissenfels and 11 more.
Type: | Journal: Leukemia | Year: 2017
It is unknown, why only a minority of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients sustains treatment free remission (TFR) after discontinuation of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy in deep molecular remission (MR). Here we studied, whether expression of the T-cell inhibitory receptor (CTLA-4)-ligand CD86 (B7.2) on plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) affects relapse risk after TKI cessation. CML patients in MR displayed significantly higher CD86
Murawski N.,Medical School Hamburg |
Held G.,Medical School Hamburg |
Ziepert M.,University of Leipzig |
Kempf B.,Klinikum Landshut |
And 11 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2014
To define the role of radiotherapy and intrathecal prophylaxis in extralymphatic craniofacial involvement (ECFI) of aggressive B-cell lymphoma, we analyzed 11 consecutive German High-Grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Study Group trials. ECFI occurred in 290/4155 (7.0%) patients (orbita, 31; paranasal sinuses, 93; main nasal cavity, 38; tongue, 27; remaining oral cavity, 99; salivary glands, 54). In a multivariable analysis adjusted for International Prognostic Index rituximab improved event-free and overall survival both in patients with and without ECFI. Three-year event-free (79% vs 79%; P = .842) and overall survival (86% vs 88%; P = .351) rates were similar in 145 patients receiving and 57 not receiving radiotherapy. Without rituximab, the 2-year cumulative rate of central nervous system (CNS) disease was increased in 205 ECFI patients compared with 2586 non-ECFI patients (4.2% vs 2.8%; P = .038), whereas this was not observed with rituximab (1.6% in 83 ECFI vs 3.4% in 1252 non-E CFI patients; P = .682). In 88 ECFI patients who received intrathecal prophylaxis with methotrexate, the 2-year rate of CNS disease was 4.2% compared with 2.3% in 191 patientswho did not ( P = .981). In conclusion, rituximab eliminates the increased risk for CNS disease in patients with E CFI. This retrospective analysis does not support intrathecal prophylaxis or radiotherapy to ECFI patients in complete remission/unconfirmed complete remission. These findings should be confirmed in a prospective study. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.
Merkelbach S.,Heinrich Braun Klinikum Zwickau |
Schulz H.,Helios Klinikum Erfurt |
Kolmel H.W.,Helios Klinikum Erfurt |
Gora G.,Fachkrankenhaus Hildburghausen |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2011
Fatigue is a frequent and disabling symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of the study was to compare fatigue and sleepiness in MS, and their relationship to physical activity. Eighty patients with MS rated the extent of experienced fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale, FSS) and sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale, ESS). The relationship between the scales was analysed for the scales as a whole and for single items. The clinical status of the patients was measured with the Extended Disability Status Scale (EDSS). In addition, physical activity was recorded continuously for 1 week by wrist actigraphy. The mean scores of fatigue and sleepiness were significantly correlated (FSS vs. ESS r = 0.42). Single item analysis suggests that fatigue and sleepiness converge for situations that demand self-paced activation, while they differ for situations in which external cues contribute to the level of activation. While fatigue correlated significantly with age (r = 0.40), disease severity (EDSS, r = 0.38), and disease duration (r = 0.25), this was not the case for sleepiness. Single patient analysis showed a larger scatter of sleepiness scores in fatigued patients (FSS > 4) than in non-fatigued patients. Probably, there is a subgroup of MS patients with sleep disturbances that rate high on ESS and FSS. The amount of physical activity, which was measured actigraphically, decreased with disease severity (EDSS) while it did not correlate with fatigue or sleepiness. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Foerster R.,University of Bonn |
Foerster F.G.,Zwickau University of Applied Sciences |
Wulff V.,Cancer Register of Southwest Saxony |
Schubotz B.,Cancer Register of Chemnitz |
And 4 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2011
Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease accounting for approximately 1% of all breast carcinomas. Presently treatment recommendations are derived from the standards for female breast cancer. However, those approaches might be inadequate because of distinct gender specific differences in tumor biology of breast cancer. This study was planned in order to contrast potential differences between female and male breast cancer in both tumor biological behavior and clinical management.Methods: MBC diagnosed between 1995-2007 (region Chemnitz/Zwickau, Saxony, Germany) was retrospectively analyzed. Tumor characteristics, treatment and follow-up of the patients were documented. In order to highlight potential differences each MBC was matched with a female counterpart (FBC) that showed accordance in at least eight tumor characteristics (year of diagnosis, age, tumor stage, nodal status, grade, estrogen- and progesterone receptors, HER2 status).Results: 108 male/female matched-pairs were available for survival analyses. In our study men and women with breast cancer had similar disease-free (DFS) and overall (OS) survival. The 5-years DFS was 53.4% (95% CI, range 54.1-66.3) in men respectively 62.6% (95% CI, 63.5-75.3) in women (p > 0.05). The 5-years OS was 71.4% (95% CI, 62.1-72.7%) and 70.3% (95% CI, 32.6-49.6) in women (p > 0.05). In males DFS analyses revealed progesterone receptor expression as the only prognostic relevant factor (p = 0.006). In multivariate analyses for OS both advanced tumor size (p = 0.01) and a lack of progesterone receptor expression were correlated (p = 0.01) with poor patients outcome in MBC.Conclusion: Our comparative study revealed no survival differences between male and female breast cancer patients and gives evidence that gender is no predictor for survival in breast cancer. This was shown despite of significant gender specific differences in terms of frequency and intensity of systemic therapy in favor to female breast cancer. © 2011 Foerster et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
De Albuquerque A.,TU Dresden |
Kubisch I.,Klinikum Chemnitz |
Breier G.,TU Dresden |
Stamminger G.,Zentrum fur Diagnostik |
And 4 more authors.
Oncology | Year: 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to develop an immunomagnetic/real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay and assess its clinical value for the molecular detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood of pancreatic cancer patients. Methods: The presence of CTCs was evaluated in 34 pancreatic cancer patients before systemic therapy and in 40 healthy controls, through immunomagnetic enrichment, using the antibodies BM7 and VU1D9 [targeting mucin 1 and epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), respectively], followed by real-time RT-PCR analysis of the genes KRT19, MUC1, EPCAM, CEACAM5 and BIRC5. Results: The developed assay showed high specificity, as none of the healthy controls were found to be positive for the multimarker gene panel. CTCs were detected in 47.1% of the pancreatic cancer patients before the beginning of systemic treatment. Shorter median progression-free survival (PFS) was observed for patients who had at least one detectable tumor-associated transcript, compared with patients who were CTC negative. Median PFS time was 66.0 days [95% confidence interval (CI) 44.8-87.2] for patients with baseline CTC positivity and 138.0 days (95% CI 124.1-151.9) for CTC-negative patients (p = 0.01, log-rank test). Conclusion: Our results suggest that in addition to the current prognostic methods, CTC analysis represents a potential complementary tool for prediction of outcome in pancreatic cancer patients. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Older patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer: Long-term survival after concurrent chemoradiotherapy [Ältere Patienten mit inoperablem nicht-kleinzelligem Bronchialkarzinom: Langzeitüberleben nach simultaner Chemoradiotherapie]
Semrau S.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg |
Zettl H.,University of Rostock |
Hildebrandt G.,University of Rostock |
Klautke G.,Klinikum Chemnitz |
Fietkau R.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie | Year: 2014
Purpose: Considering the various comorbidities associated with aging, the feasibility and usefulness of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in older patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a controversial issue. Here, we compared the feasibility of CRT and the effects of various comorbidities on the prognosis of a minimally selected population of inoperable NSCLC patients aged 60–77 years.Patients and methods: The study comprised 161 patients with inoperable NSCLC who received CRT with a target radiation dose greater than 60 Gy and platinum-based chemotherapy from 1998 to 2007. The total population included 69 patients aged 60–69 years and 53 aged 70–77 years. These two age cohorts were included in the study with a follow-up of a median 14.5 months.Results: The two groups showed no differences in long-term survival, as reflected by the 5-year survival rates of 13.0 ± 4.1 % (60- to 69-year-olds) and 14.4 ± 4.9 % (70- to 77-year-olds). During the treatment phase, the groups were comparable in terms of toxicity and the feasibility of chemotherapy. Compared to patients in their 60s, the septuagenarians had more pulmonary comorbidities (p = 0.02), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.04), cardiac comorbidities (p = 0.08), and previous cancer disease (p = 0.08) that exerted a negative effect on survival. In patients without comorbidities, there were no differences between the age groups.Conclusion: Age is not a contraindication for concurrent CRT per se, because elderly patients do not have a worse long-term prognosis than younger seniors. However, “elderly patients” (≥ 70–77 years) have more concomitant diseases associated with shorter survival than “moderately aged patients” (≥ 60–69 years). © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Jurgensen C.,Charite University Campus Mitte |
Arlt A.,University of Kiel |
Neser F.,Klinikum Chemnitz |
Fritscher-Ravens A.,University of Kiel |
And 2 more authors.
BMC Gastroenterology | Year: 2012
Background: The natural course and treatment strategies for asymptomatic or oligosymptomatic pancreatic necrosis are still poorly defined. The aim of this retrospective study was to establish criteria for the need of intervention in patients with pancreatic necrosis.Methods: A total of 31 consecutive patients (18 male, median age 58 yrs.) diagnosed with pancreatic necrosis by endoscopic ultrasound, in whom a decision for initial conservative treatment was made, were followed for the need of interventions such as endoscopic or surgical intervention, or death.Results: After a median follow-up of 243 days, 21 patients remained well without intervention and in 10 patients an endpoint event occurred. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis of the clinical and endosonographic parameters, liquid content was the single independent predictor for intervention (p = 0.0006). The presence of high liquid content in the pancreatic necrosis resulted in a 64% predicted endpoint risk as compared to 2% for solid necrosis.Conclusions: Pancreatic necrotic cavities with high liquid content are associated with a high risk of complications. Therefore, close clinical monitoring is needed and early elective intervention might be considered in these patients. © 2012 Jürgensen et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Influence of mRNA expression of epiregulin and amphiregulin on outcome of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with 5-FU/LV plus irinotecan or irinotecan plus oxaliplatin as first-line treatment (FIRE 1-trial)
PubMed | Onkologische Schwerpunktpraxis in Kronach, Onkologische Praxis, ClinAssess GmbH, Klinikum Chemnitz and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of cancer | Year: 2016
Our aim was to investigate the impact of EREG and AREG mRNA expression (by RT-qPCR) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). In addition, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression (by immunohistochemistry) as well as RAS-and PIK3CA-mutations (by pyrosequencing) were assessed. Tumors of 208 mCRC patients receiving 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin plus irinotecan (FUFIRI) or irinotecan plus oxaliplatin (mIROX) within the FIRE-1 trial were analyzed for mutations. Molecular characteristics were correlated with response, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS). mRNA expression was evaluated using ROC-analysis in 192 tumors (AREG high n = 31 vs. low n = 161; EREG high n = 89 vs. low n = 103). High versus low AREG expression was associated with PFS of 10.0 versus 8.0 months (HR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.402-0.940, p = 0.03) and OS of 24.6 versus 18.7 months (HR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.476-1.078, p = 0.11). High versus low EREG expression correlated with prolonged PFS (9.4 vs. 6.8 months, HR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.460-0.846, p = 0.002) and OS (25.8 vs. 15.5 months, HR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.351-0.657, p < 0.001). The positive prognostic effect of high EREG expression was confirmed in a multivariate analysis and was neither affected by EGFR expression nor by mutations of RAS- and PIK3CA-genes. EREG expression appears as an independent prognostic marker in patients with mCRC receiving first-line irinotecan-based chemotherapy.