Time filter

Source Type

Topolovska Z.,Klinika pracovnrho a cestovnrho lekarstvr | Varga M.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie
Pracovni Lekarstvi | Year: 2011

This review paper deals with differences in the field of Occupational Medicine in the Czech and Slovak Republic and presents a review of occupational legal problems in the field. The authors do not aim to evaluate which system is better but the goal was to make clear main differences in both systems and inspire the readers in the context of ongoing changes in the concept of the field of Occupational Medicine. Source

Slavomir P.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie
Pracovni Lekarstvi | Year: 2013

Occupational rhinitis (OR) belongs to most frequent occupational diseases of upper respiratory tract, occurring two to four times more often than occupational asthma. Prevalence and incidence of occupational rhinitis have not been specifically investigated, though. There proved to be marked regional differences in numbers of acknowledged cases in Slovakia. Numerous studies in the Košice region followed etiology of the disease as well. However, results of a single region are not necessarily applicable for the Slovak Republic at large. The objective of this investigation was to determine and compare possible differences in etiology of OR in the Košice region, where the disease is most frequent with other Slovakian regions. The study encompassed a group of 70 patients who were the subjects of occupational rhinitis acknowledgement in Slovakia in the 1990-2011 years. The group was divided in two groups. The first group included the OR cases in the Košice region. In the second group there were patients from other regions of Slovakia. The flour proved to be the most frequent cause in both groups (44% cases in both groups). Chemical compounds figured much more frequently in the Košice region than in the other regions. On the contrary occupational allergy to moulds represented up to 18% of OR cases in the other regions, whereas in the Košice region it did not occur. A general analysis determined relatively low number of etiological agents, indicating insufficient diagnostics of the disease. The spectrum of agents in the two groups differed relatively little, most often represented by classical allergens, where hypersensitivity can be proved by classical examination by immunoallergology methods. In numerous cases identification of OR requires nasal provocation tests or exposure tests directly at the workplace, which helps to better identify numerous agents and consequently improves the diagnostics of the disease. Source

Svihrova V.,Ustav Verejneho Zdravotnictva JLF UK Martin | Buchancova J.,Ustav Verejneho Zdravotnictva JLF UK Martin | Paluch A.,Vseobecna Zdravotna Poistovna | Turska A.,Vseobecna Zdravotna Poistovna | And 2 more authors.
Pracovni Lekarstvi | Year: 2011

In their paper, authors analyzed average direct and indirect costs on diagnostics and treatment of acute tick encephalitis in Slovakia in economically active hospitalized patients (52 cases). Average direct and indirect costs on a single patient during hospitalization due to the diagnosis of tick encephalitis were 1 353.95 EUR. Authors pointed at possible financial impact on employers when rewarding the occupational disease in comparison to the costs related to active prevention of employees using vaccination. Basic rates of point evaluation related to pain in occupational diseases due to tick encephalitis are currently from 30 to 150 points and from 300 to 3000 points for impaired social engagement. 1 point correlated to 14.46 EUR in 2009. It is more beneficial for the employer to cover vaccination of the employee from 18 years until retirement (269.40 EUR) instead of rewarding the pain at lower rates of 30 points (433.80 EUR). Source

Perecinsky S.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie | Legath L.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie | Varga M.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie | Jancova A.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie | And 2 more authors.
Klinicka Imunologia a Alergologia | Year: 2012

Objective: Follow sensitization to inhaled allergens in each group of patients with allergic rhinitis and demonstrate the most important allergens. At the same time observed differences in patient populations living in Košice and the countryside. Methods: 208 patients with allergic rhinitis was assessed sensitization to common inhalation allergens. Patients based on place of residence were divided into two groups -first: patients permanently resident in Košice and second: patients from other areas of eastern Slovakia living in rural areas. The incidence of sensitization to each allergen was expressed as percentages of positive and negative skin tests. Findings were compared between groups. Results: Patients living in Košice were the most commonly sensitized to allergens of grasses (60% of patients), the countryside was the most common sensitization to mites (63.49% of patients). In the group of patients living in Kosice implement significant sensitization to seasonal allergens. There was found a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the proportion of positive skin test to a mixture of grass and mugwort (p = 0.02 respectively. p = 0.04). In the group of patients living in rural areas, the proportion of positive skin test to perenial allergens was higher than in Kosice. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the significant impact of the urban environment on the development of allergic diseases, which significantly increases the risk of sensitization to allergens mainly grasses and weeds. Source

Bajusova I.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie | Kolarcik P.,Univerzita P. J. Safarika v Kosiciach | Ihnatko M.,Nemocnica Kosice Saca | Kimakova T.,Univerzita P. J. Safarika v Kosiciach | Legath L.,Klinika Pracovneho Lekarstva A Klinickej Toxikologie
Hygiena | Year: 2013

Benzene has hematoxic effects, causes damage to the central nervous system and immune system, is classified as a Category 1 carcinogen, and a Category 2 mutagen. Benzene exposure is limited by public health legislation. A total of 99 biological samples of benzene-exposed workers and 19 biological samples of non-exposed patients in a control group were examined. Concentration determination of two selected biomarkers of benzene exposure was performed using two different analytical methods. Trans,transmuconic acid was determined by chromatography and phenol was determined by spectrophotometry. The purpose of the study was to compare their excretion rate in both monitored groups, and to prove appropriateness of chromatographic determination of trans,trans-muconic acid in urine for quick and reliable biomonitoring of the working environment. The average phenol concentration in both groups varied at physiological levels: mean (SD) was 11.07 (8.51) mg.g-1 creatinine for a benzene-exposed group, and 12.16 (11.42) mg.g-1 creatinine for a control group. As for trans,trans-muconic acid, the average concentration was 0.64 (0.95) mg.g-1 creatinine in case of benzene-exposed workers compared to 0.29 (0.24) mg.g-1 creatinine for a control group. Concentration of trans,trans-muconic acid in urine from exposed workers did not exceed a recommended concentration limit for Threshold Limit Value level for benzene, but exceeded a recommended Biological Exposure Indices value set by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. A statistic t-test revealed a significant difference in measured values of excreted trans,transmuconic acid between a control group of patients and benzene-exposed workers proving appropriateness of determination for quick and reliable bio-monitoring of the working environment. Source

Discover hidden collaborations