Kopaczewska M.,Klinika Gastroenterologii Dzieciecej Chorob Metabolicznych |
Kopaczewski B.,Klinika Neurochirurgii Neurotraumatologii |
Ignys I.,Klinika Gastroenterologii Dzieciecej Chorob Metabolicznych |
Cichy W.,Klinika Gastroenterologii Dzieciecej Chorob Metabolicznych
Pediatria Wspolczesna | Year: 2010
Introduction: Hospital malnutrition is described as the "silent epidemic of the XXI century". Although much has been said and written about the factors causing hospital malnutrition, its prevalence and complications, still it is a common problem. Aim of the study: To evaluate the impact of hospitalization on nutritional status of children. Material and methods: The study involved children hospitalized in the years 1999-2006. Time of hospitalization was longer than seven days. An analysis of the influence of hospitalization on selected indicators of nutritional status in children hospitalized was performed. A retrospective evaluation of anthropometric (body mass, body mass index) and laboratory (serum albumin, total lymphocyte count) indicators of nutritional status was performed. Results: Half of the hospitalized children had lost their body mass, this includes a >4% body mass loss in 22% of children. During hospitalization the number of children with body mass below the third centile grew by 8,2%. Children who were malnourished at admission according to anthropometric indices and serum albumin were longer hospitalized than the others. Conclusions: Hospitalization longer than seven days causes deterioration in nutritional status in about 20% of hospitalized children. Undernutrition at admission to hospital makes hospitalization significantly longer. © 2010 Almamedia Press.