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Belgaum, India

Karnatak Lingayat Education Society was founded in 1916 by seven educated youth with the objective of bringing education to the Kannada-speaking region of the erstwhile Bombay Presidency and what is today the North Karnataka region. The founder life members of the KLE Society are: Shri S.S. Basavanal Shri B.B. Mamadapur Shri M.R. Sakhare Shri H.F. Kattimani Shri B.S. Hanchinal Shri P.R. Chikodi Shri V.V. Patil Headquartered at Belgaum, KLE Society runs over 238 educational institutions in North Karnataka, South Maharashtra, Bangalore and New Delhi. On 13 November 1916, KLE Society started an Anglo Vernacular School in Belgaum. Lingaraj College came into existence in June 1933. In 1947, B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology was started in Hubli. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College at Belgaum and Gudleppa Hallikeri College at Haveri were started in 1963. KLE also runs the world famous KLE engineering college in Belgaum, established in 1979. From 1984 onwards, KLE Society started dental, education, nursing, information technology, computer applications, hotel management, business management, tourism, fashion design, and agriculture colleges, as well as polytechnics across India. Its health care institutions include the super-specialty KLE Society's Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre at Belgaum. Today under the leadership of Mr. Prabhakar Kore, the KLE Society runs 207 institutions. Wikipedia.

Hattarki R.S.,KLE University
Orthodontics : the art and practice of dentofacial enhancement | Year: 2011

Various techniques for improving bracket positioning with different kinds of instruments have been described. This article describes the use of a modified bracket-positioning gauge for accurate placement of brackets during orthodontic bonding.

To investigate whether feeding and oral hygiene practices of preschool children are associated with the risk and prevalence of Early Childhood Caries (EC). A cross-sectional study comprising 1250 children aged 3 to 5 years from Belgaum was designed. On the first day, validated questionnaires along with parental informed consent forms were distributed to the children and were collected after a week. Validated questionnaires consisted of 20 close-ended questions pertaining to feeding and oral hygiene practices. Consent was obtained from parents of the 1116 children who were examined for EC. Data analysis included correlation coefficients and logistic regressions. Among the children studied, 97.3% were breastfed, of which 41.25% were breastfed until 2 years of age. Seventy- five percent of children who were breastfed beyond 2 years were affected by EC. Exclusive bottle feeding was practiced in 46.15%; 64.85% of them suffered from EC. Burping was not practiced in 25.18%, and 68.68% of these were affected by EC. EC was more prevalent in 89% of children who were weaned later than 12 months of age. Parental assistance for oral hygiene was not seen in 37.27% and 67.22% of these suffered from EC. Overall, 63.17% of the children were affected by EC. Prolonged breastfeeding, absence of burping the child, delay in starting oral hygiene practices and lack of parental assistance with the same were shown to be significant determining factors for EC. Health education and proper guidelines on feeding and oral hygiene practices can substantially reduce the risk and prevalence of EC.

Purpose of review: Current undergraduate medical curricula in most institutions around the globe do not nurture the skills, needed for self-directed lifelong learning in medical graduates, and it needs to be reformed in such a way that the medical graduate who is trained through this reformed curriculum, possesses all the competencies of a self-directed learner.Evidence-based medicine (EBM), a new vision of physician learning which is based on continuous development and assessment of competencies needed for creating self-directed learners is to be strongly advocated for inclusion in the undergraduate medical curriculum. Recent findings: Clinical teaching opportunities which are available while treating patients, in outpatient clinic, operating room, and by the bedside need to be utilized to teach EBM.Medical curricula, both undergraduate and postgraduate, should incorporate both EBM and quality improvement training, and these should be taught in a holistic fashion. Evidence-based practice competency was shown to increase, regardless of whether evidence-based practice is delivered to medical students at an undergraduate or postgraduate level.Early introduction of EBM in the undergraduate medical curriculum, in the form of a short course, using various modes of instruction, enhances the competence of critical thinking and also influences change in attitude towards EBM positively in medical students. Summary: Introduction of EBM in undergraduate medical curriculum helps in the development of professional competencies of self-directed learners in medical students. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Mane D.R.,KLE University
Journal of oral science | Year: 2010

Trichilemmal carcinoma is a rare malignant skin adnexal tumor derived from the outer root sheath epithelium of the hair follicle. We describe a rare case of trichilemmal carcinoma of the upper lip associated with xeroderma pigmentosa in a young patient. We demonstrate that this tumor, as well as the more frequently reported squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma can occur in association with xeroderma pigmentosa. Making this diagnosis is imperative as the biological behavior of Trichilemmal carcinoma is less aggressive than that of other epithelial malignancies, requiring a different approach to treatment planning.

To determine the efficacy of mini-implants as intraoral anchorage during en masse intrusion of the six maxillary anterior teeth. Ten patients from the Department of Orthodontics, KLE University, Belgaum, India, who required intrusion of their anterior teeth were selected for this study. After initial alignment and leveling, the maxillary arch was divided into one anterior segment and two posterior segments. A 0.021 3 0.025-inch stainless steel wire was placed in all three segments. In all patients, one mini-implant was placed bilaterally between the lateral incisor and canine. An elastic chain was used to deliver an intrusive force of 45 cN; it was supplemented by a distal force of about 20 cN per side. Patient records were taken at the beginning and end of intrusion. The amount of intrusion was statistically and clinically significant. The canines were more intruded (3.5 ± 0.9 mm) than the incisors (2.9 ± 1.0 mm). The axial inclination of the incisors did not significantly change. The average duration to accomplish this intrusion was 4.0 ± 1.5 months, with a mean rate of 0.9 mm per month for the canines and 0.7 mm per month for the incisors. Mini-implants are an efficient and stable source of anchorage for the en masse intrusion of the six maxillary anterior teeth. © 2010 BY QUINTESSENCE PUBLISHING CO, INC.

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