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Asahikawa, Japan

Okazaki S.,Asahikawa University | Hori J.-I.,Asahikawa University | Kita M.,Asahikawa University | Yamaguchi S.,Kitasaito Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Acta Urologica Japonica | Year: 2014

A 60-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of gross hematuria, right lumbar pain and lower abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed hydronephrosis of the right kidney, irregular bladder wall thickening at the right lateral and posterior portion and external iliac lymph node swelling of the right side. Laboratory data revealed disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome (DIC) and eosinophilia. Because she developed a high fever that was caused by acute obstructive pyelonephritis of the right kidney, percutaneous nephrostomy was placed and the therapy for DIG was initiated. Pathological examination of transurethral resection of bladder tumor performed twice showed no malignancy but inflammatory infiltration of many eosinocytes, leading to the diagnosis of eosinophilic cystitis (EC). We considered the possibility of allergic reaction to the drugs she was taking as the etiology of EC and discontinued all drugs. Although eosinophilia was resolved afterward, she then developed brain infarction, followed by cerebral hemorrhage. She was transferred to a rehabilitation hospital for long-term care. CT scan that was performed 4 months after the initial presentation showed the resolution of hydronephrosis of the right kidney and external iliac lymph node swelling and the improvement of bladder wall thickness. Hydronephrosis of the right kidney has not recurred after removing the nephrostomy catheter. EC is a rare condition that could mimic an invasive bladder cancer. EC should be considered if bladder tumor is associated with eosinophilia. Therapeutic consideration for thromboembolic events should be made in patients with EC. © 2014, Editorial Board of Acta Urologica Japonica. All rights reserved. Source

Okamoto T.,Hokkaido University | Tajima T.,Hokkaido University | Hirayama T.,Kitasaito Hospital | Sasaki S.,Hokkaido University
European Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2012

Dent disease is an X-linked tubulopathy mainly caused by inactivating mutations of CLCN5. Features of Bartter syndrome such as hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis are rarely observed in patients with Dent disease. We report a Japanese male patient with Dent disease who also manifested features of Bartter syndrome. At the age of 3 years, he was diagnosed with Dent disease based on low molecular weight proteinuria and hypercalciuria. One year later, he was found to have features of Bartter syndrome, i.e., hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis, and high levels of plasma renin activity and aldosterone with a normal blood pressure. Despite medical interventions, he developed chronic kidney disease stage 3 at the age of 21 years. To investigate the molecular basis of his disease, CLCN5, KCNJ1, SLC12A1, and CLCkb were analyzed and a novel mutation (Y567X) in CLCN5 was identified. Conclusion: Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis is a rare manifestation in Dent disease. It is speculated that Dent patients with features of Bartter syndrome are susceptible to progression to renal failure. To study this hypothesis, additional observations and long-term follow-up of such patients are necessary. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

Nakagawa N.,Asahikawa University | Kabara M.,Asahikawa University | Matsuki M.,Asahikawa University | Chinda J.,Asahikawa University | And 6 more authors.
Internal Medicine | Year: 2012

Objective Tonsillectomy and steroid-pulse (TSP) therapy have been proposed as a curative treatment for immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) in Japan. However, we sometimes encounter patients who reject steroid-pulse therapy because of concerns about the side effects of corticosteroids. Here, we examined the efficacy of TSP therapy and tonsillectomy alone for IgAN with urinary abnormalities. Methods Data on 40 IgAN patients diagnosed by renal biopsies, who presented glomerular hematuria and proteinuria at baseline and underwent bilateral palatine tonsillectomy, were analyzed retrospectively. Twenty of them underwent TSP therapy (TSP group), and 20 underwent tonsillectomy alone (T group). We examined associations between therapies, changes in urinary findings and renal function, and subsequent clinical remission (CR), defined as negative proteinuria and urinary erythrocytes of less than 5/high-power field. Results TSP group showed a significant decrease in proteinuria and hematuria earlier than T group. The rates of CR were significantly higher in TSP group compared with T group on the final observation period (75% vs. 45%, p<0.05). There was a significant difference between CR group and non-CR group only in the rate of receiving TSP therapy. Conclusion TSP therapy significantly increased the probability of CR compared with tonsillectomy alone in IgAN patients with urinary abnormalities. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine. Source

Gejyo F.,Niigata University | Amano I.,Nagoya Vascular Access Amano Memorial Clinic | Ando T.,Hidaka Hospital | Ishida M.,Kitasaito Hospital | And 26 more authors.
Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis | Year: 2013

Dialysis-related amyloidosis is a serious complication of long-term hemodialysis. Its pathogenic mechanism involves accumulation of β2-microglobulin in the blood, which then forms amyloid fibrils and is deposited in tissues, leading to inflammation and activation of osteoclasts. Lixelle, a direct hemoperfusion column for adsorption of β2-microglobulin, has been available since 1996 to treat dialysis-related amyloidosis in Japan. However, previous studies showing the therapeutic efficacy of Lixelle were conducted in small numbers of patients with specific dialysis methods. Here, we report the results of a nationwide questionnaire survey on the therapeutic effects of Lixelle. Questionnaires to patients and their attending physicians on changes in symptoms of dialysis-related amyloidosis by Lixelle treatment were sent to 928 institutions that had used Lixelle, and fully completed questionnaires were returned from 345 patients at 138 institutions. The patients included 161 males and 184 females 62.9±7.7years age, who had undergone dialysis for 25.9±6.2years and Lixelle treatment for 3.5±2.7years. Based on self-evaluation by patients, worsening of symptoms was inhibited in 84.9-96.5% of patients. Of the patients, 91.3% felt that worsening of their overall symptoms had been inhibited, while attending physicians evaluated the treatment as effective or partially effective for 72.8% of patients. Our survey showed that Lixelle treatment improved symptoms or prevented the progression of dialysis-related amyloidosis in most patients. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2012 International Society for Apheresis. Source

Wada N.,Asahikawa University | Numata A.,Furano Kyokai Hospital | Yamaguchi S.,Furano Kyokai Hospital | Osanai H.,Furano Kyokai Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Acta Urologica Japonica | Year: 2011

We investigated the optimum initial dose and timing of administration of α 1 A-adrenoccptor antagonist silodosin for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH/ LUTS). Ninety-eight patients were given a 4 mg dose after breakfast (group A), 4 mg after supper (group B), or 4 mg after breakfast and after supper (group C). At baseline, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after treatment, we assessed International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QOL) index. Twenty-five percent or less improvement of total IPSS and no improvement of QOL index compared with baseline were defined as treatment failure at each evaluation point. Otherwise treatment was considered effective. In group A and group B, patients with treatment failure at 4 or 8 weeks after treatment, the dose of silodosin was increased to 8 mg daily. At the end of the study, 83 patients were evaluable. At 12 weeks after treatment, 20 of the 31 patients in group A and 22 of the 29 patients in group B remained on the 4 mg dose ; silodosin was effective in 65 and 76% of the patients, respectively. When patients with dose escalation were included, silodosin was effective in 81 and 90% of the patients, respectively. Silodosin was effective in 18 of the 23 (78%) patients in group C, although improvement of total IPSS and voiding symptom score of IPSS at 12 weeks after treatment was better in group C than in group A or group B, the difference was not significant. In patients with IPSS less than 20, the degree of improvement of IPSS was similar among the 3 groups. In contrast, in patients with IPSS of 20 or greater the degree of improvement was better in group C than in group B or group C, but the difference was not significant. Storage symptom score of IPSS was significantly improved in all 3 groups without any significant difference among the 3 groups. Three patients (52, 59 and 76 years old) experienced abnormal ejaculation. In conclusion, 4 mg of silodosin daily showed effectiveness against BPH/LUTS, but 8 mg of silodosin daily might be better for patients with severe LUTS. Source

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