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Ikeuchi H.,Kitakyushu Municipal Medical Center | Ikuta K.,Red Cross
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery | Year: 2016

Introduction: In the last decade, posterior instrumented fusion using percutaneous pedicle screws (PPSs) had been growing in popularity, and its safety and good clinical results have been reported. However, there have been few previous reports of the accuracy of PPS placement compared with that of conventional open screw insertion in an institution. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of PPS placement compared with that of conventional open technique. Materials and methods: One hundred patients were treated with posterior instrumented fusion of the thoracic and lumbar spine from April 2008 to July 2013. Four cases of revised instrumentation surgery were excluded. In this study, the pedicle screws inserted below Th7 were investigated, therefore, a total of 455 screws were enrolled. Two hundred and ninety-three pedicle screws were conventional open-inserted screws (O-group) and 162 screws were PPSs (P-group). We conducted a comparative study about the accuracy of placement between the two groups. Postoperative computed tomography scans were carried out to all patients, and the pedicle screw position was assessed according to a scoring system described by Zdichavsky et al. (Eur J Trauma 30:241–247, 2004; Eur J Trauma 30:234–240, 2004) and a classification described by Wiesner et al. (Spine 24:1599–1603, 1999). Results: Based on Zdichavsky’s scoring system, the number of grade Ia screws was 283 (96.6 %) in the O-group and 153 (94.4 %) in the P-group, whereas 5 screws (1.7 %) in the O-group and one screw (0.6 %) in the P-group were grade IIIa/IIIb. Meanwhile, the pedicle wall penetrations based on Wiesner classification were demonstrated in 20 screws (6.8 %) in the O-group, and 12 screws (7.4 %) in the P-group. No neurologic complications were observed and no screws had to be replaced in both groups. Conclusions: The PPSs could be ideally inserted without complications. There were no statistically significant differences about the accuracy between the conventional open insertion and PPS placement. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Source

Maehara J.,Kitakyushu Municipal Medical Center
Japanese Journal of Clinical Radiology | Year: 2014

A 49-years old woman who had undergone leiomyomectomy and hysterectomy complained abdominal bloating. MR imaging revealed a 13 centimeters tumor in pelvis. The chest CT revealed 10 or more nodules in bilateral pulmonary which 5 to 20 mm in and a homogeneously enhanced nodule was found in the right erector spinae muscle. Excisional biopsy was performed from the muscle of the back, histopathology was benign leiomyoma. Final diagnosis was benign metastasizing leiomyoma without invasive lung biopsy. Source

Ogawa E.,Kyushu University | Furusyo N.,Kyushu University | Kajiwara E.,Steel Memorial Yawata Hospital | Takahashi K.,Hamanomachi Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2013

Background & Aims: The effects of pegylated interferon (PegIFN) α and ribavirin (RBV) treatment of chronic hepatitis C on the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not been well established. This study investigated the impact of treatment outcome on the development of HCC by chronic hepatitis C patients treated with PegIFNα2b and RBV. Methods: This large-scale, prospective, multicenter study consisted of 1013 Japanese chronic hepatitis C patients with no history of HCC (non-cirrhosis, n = 863 and cirrhosis, n = 150). All patients were treated with PegIFNα2b and RBV and the follow-up period started at the end of the antiviral treatment (median observation period of 3.6 years). The cumulative incidence rate of HCC was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, according to treatment outcome. Results: Forty-seven patients (4.6%) developed HCC during the observation period. In the non-cirrhosis group, the 5-year cumulative incidence rates of HCC for the sustained virological response (SVR) (1.7%) and transient virological response (3.2%) (TVR: defined as relapse or breakthrough) groups were significantly lower than those of the non-virological response (NVR) group (7.6%) (p = 0.003 and p = 0.03, respectively). A significantly low rate of incidence of HCC by TVR patients in comparison with NVR patients was found for patients aged 60 years and over, but not for those under 60 years of age. In the cirrhosis group, the 5-year cumulative incidence rates of HCC for the SVR (18.9%) and TVR groups (20.8%) were also significantly lower than those of the NVR group (39.4%) (p = 0.03 and p = 0.04, respectively). Conclusions: SVR and complete viral suppression during treatment with relapse (TVR) were associated with a lower risk of HCC development when compared with NVR. Source

Chikaishi Y.,Kitakyushu Municipal Medical Center
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery | Year: 2012

We report a case of reconstruction of radiation ulcer on the chest wall and sternum osteomyelitis using a rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap. A case of 67-year-old woman, Halsted operation was performed for right breast cancer, 23 years ago. After 4 years, transcatheter arterial injection and radiation therapy was performed to treat recurrence of parasternal lymph nodes. Since then, she had been without recurrence of the tumor, but suffered from repeated scabbing of parasternal skin. In 2009, she suffered from pain, redness and purulent discharge of the wound, and diagnosed with sternum osteomyelitis. She was admitted to our hospital and underwent debridement of sternum, and the resection of surrounding skin. Sixteen days later, reconstruction using a rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap was performed. Twenty months after the operation, she is well without any evidence of recurrence. Source

Saimura M.,Kitakyushu Municipal Medical Center
Asian journal of endoscopic surgery | Year: 2013

Endoscopic surgery is reportedly associated with smaller scars and greater patient satisfaction. Herein we evaluate the early results of endoscopy-assisted breast-conserving surgery(E-BCS). Between May 2009 and October 2010, 61 women with breast cancer underwent E-BCS. We performed E-BCS on patients with tumors measuring less than 2 cm, without skin or pectoralis muscles invasion. Any patients with microcalcified lesions or axillary lymph node metastasis were excluded. We used an endoscopic vein retractor to dissect the dorsal layer of the mammary gland from a small axillar incision. We dissected the subcutaneous layer and cut the mammary gland vertically from a periareolar incision. We evaluated the clinicopathological characteristics, the surgical outcomes, and early cosmetic results. The mean age of the patients was 58.5 years, and the mean tumor size was 1.4 cm. Sentinel node biopsy was positive in seven patients, all of whom underwent axillary node dissection. An additional intraoperative resection of the breast was performed in 12 patients. The mean length of the operation was 167 min, and the mean blood loss was 27 mL. Eight patients received a boost to the tumor bed. The cosmetic results were satisfactory, and the wound scar was inconspicuous in most patients. Herein we demonstrate that E-BCS is a feasible and safe procedure for patients with early breast cancer. It allows for a better cosmetic scar location and offers patients favorable aesthetic results in the short-term follow-up results. © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

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