Kim S.H.,Korea Lift College |
Bae R.H.,Kiswire LTD. |
Kwon J.D.,Yeungnam University
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology | Year: 2012
Wire rope in elevators can become disconnected by tensile stress from friction between the rope and sheave, and by repeated stress including bending stress from various effects formed during contact between the rope and sheave. It is known that in designing wire rope, its strength is affected when wire disconnection occurs. However, insufficient related data is available. Therefore, fracture strength reduction and the effect of bending fatigue on wire rope life is difficult to evaluate. We considered the effects of wire rope diameter and tensile stress on fracture strength and wire rope life. We observed that fracture strength rapidly decreased when bending fatigue accumulated at the same time that the wire became disconnected. Moreover, bending fatigue was shown to be a crucial factor in decreased wire rope life. © 2012 The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Kim S.-H.,Korea Lift College |
Ham S.-H.,Kiswire LTD. |
Kwon J.-D.,Yeungnam University
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology | Year: 2014
The corrosion of a wire rope reduces its life expectancy. In this study, repeated bending tests were conducted using a bending fatigue tester by changing the tensile load and corrosion time of wire ropes, which were the same type as those used in elevators. The number of broken wires was studied, and a tensile test was conducted for cases in which the fracture was severe. The effect of corrosion fatigue on life expectancy was considered by comparing fracture strength values and observing fracture surfaces. The results indicate that an increase in accumulated corrosion fatigue, a greater tensile load, and repeated bending cycles may yield a rapid decrease in fracture strength and an increase in the number of broken wires. Therefore, it is concluded that corrosion fatigue is an important factor that decreases the life expectancy of wire rope. © 2014 The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Hwang B.,Pusan National University |
Kim D.-Y.,Pusan National University |
Kim H.-B.,Pusan National University |
Lim S.H.,Kiswire LTD. |
And 2 more authors.
Korean Journal of Materials Research | Year: 2011
Saw wires have been widely used in industries to slice silicon (Si) ingots into thin wafers for semiconductor fabrication. This study investigated the microstructural and mechanical properties, such as abrasive wear and tensile properties, of a saw wire sample of 0.84 wt.% carbon steel with a 120 μm diameter. The samples were subjected to heat treatment at different linear velocities of the wire during the patenting process and two different wear tests were performed, 2-body abrasive wear (grinding) and 3-body abrasive wear (rolling wear) tests. With an increasing linear velocity of the wire, the tensile strength and microhardness of the samples increased, whereas the interlamellar spacing in a pearlite structure decreased. The wear properties from the grinding and rolling wear tests exhibited an opposite tendency. The weight loss resulting from grinding was mainly affected by the tensile strength and microhardness, while the diameter loss obtained from rolling wear was affected by elongation or ductility of the samples. This result demonstrates that the wear mechanism in the 3-body wear test is much different from that for the 2-body abrasive wear test. The ultra-high tensile strength of the saw wire produced by the drawing process was attributed to the pearlite microstructure with very small interlamellar spacing as well as the high density of dislocation.
Woo D.H.,Kiswire LTD. |
Lee W.J.,Pusan National University |
Park I.M.,Pusan National University |
Park Y.H.,Kiswire LTD.
Korean Journal of Materials Research | Year: 2011
Flat rolling of wire is an industrial process used to manufacture electrical flat wire, medical catheters, springs, piston segments and automobile parts, among other products. In a multi-step wire flat rolling process, a wire with a circular crosssection is rolled at room temperature between two flat rolls in several passes to achieve the desired thickness to width ratio. To manufacture a flat wire with a homogeneous microstructure, mechanical and metallurgical properties with an appropriate pass schedule, this study investigated the effect of each pass schedule (1stand ~ 4stand) on the microstructures, mechanical properties and widths of cold rolled high carbon steel wires using four-pass flat rolling process. The evolutions of the microstructures and mechanical properties of the widths of cold rolled wires during three different pass schedules of the flat rolling process of high carbon wires were investigated, and the results were compared with those for a conventional eight-pass schedule. In the width of cold rolled wires, three different pass schedules are clearly distinguished and discussed. The experimental conditions were the same rolling speed, rolling force, roll size, tensile strength of the material and friction coefficient. The experimental results showed that the four-pass flat cold rolling process was feasible for production of designed wire without cracks when appropriate pass schedules were applied.
Kiswire Ltd. | Date: 2013-07-04
Provided is a nickel (Ni)-copper (Cu) plated high-carbon steel wire for springs. The NiCu plated high-carbon steel wire includes a core wire that includes a high-carbon steel wire; and a Ni-plating layer and a Cu player which are sequentially plated on a surface of the core wire and then are drawn.