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Krklareli, Turkey

Gencay Y.E.,Kirikkale University
Veterinary Microbiology | Year: 2014

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a globally important foodborne pathogen and has been mainly associated with cattle as the reservoir. However, accumulating data shows the importance of sheep as an E. coli O157:H7 vehicle. The presence of E. coli O157/O157:H7 in recto-anal mucosal swap and carcass sponge samples of 100 sheep brought to the slaughterhouse in Kirikkale were analyzed over a year. Molecular characteristics (stx1, stx2, eaeA, hly, lpfA1-3, espA, eae-α1, eae-α2, eae-β, eae-β1, eae-β2, eae-γ1, eae-γ2/θ, stx1c, stx1d, stx2c, stx2d, stx2e, stx2f, stx2g, blaampC, tet(A), tet(B), tet(C), tet(D), tet(E), tet(G), sul1, sul2, floR, cmlA, strA, strB and aadA) of 79 isolates were determined and minimum inhibitory concentrations of 20 different antibiotics were investigated. E. coli O157/O157:H7 was found in 18% of sheep included in the study and was more prevalent in yearlings than lambs and mature sheep, and male than female sheep, though none of the categories (season, sex or age range) had significant effect on prevalence. Furthermore, Shiga-toxigenic E. coli (STEC) O157:H7 was determined in 2% and 8% of sheep feces and carcasses, respectively. Additionally, lpfA1-3 and eae-γ1 were detected in all isolates. None of the isolates showed resistance against investigated antibiotics, even though 4 sorbitol fermenting E. coli O157 isolates were positive for tet(A), sul1 and aadA. This is the first study in Turkey that reveals the potential public health risk due to the contamination of sheep carcasses with potentially highly pathogenic STEC O157:H7 strains. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Purpose: To test the reproducibility of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) measurements of the normal liver, kidney and spleen parenchyma with different b values. Materials and methods: Eleven healthy volunteers were imaged twice with use of the same protocol. Each DWI was performed with b-factors of 0, 100 and 500 s/mm2. The ADCs were organized according to session (1 or 2), anatomic location and repetition (twice with two different b value per session). The ADC data were analyzed with repeated-measures analysis of variance to demonstrate the influence of anatomic location, session and different b values. The coefficient of variation was calculated for each subject, b value and anatomic location, then analyzed by using repeated-measures analysis of variance. Results: There were significant differences in mean ADCs among the three anatomic locations and with different b values (P <.05). There were no significant differences in ADCs between imaging sessions 1 or 2 for both b values (P >.05). The CV values range between 7.3% and 14.7%. There were no significant differences in CV values neither between the two b values nor for the various organ locations (P >.05). Conclusion: Using the same technical parameters, patients and the same observer, CV values range between 7.3% and 14.7%. And we recommend to be careful in examination and comparison of the measured ADC values, below these limits, without knowledge technical parameters that has been used, otherwise differences that are merely because of changes in the measurement technique could be interpreted as differences because of progression of disease or therapy. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

Acar T.,Kirikkale University
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences | Year: 2015

In this paper, we introduce new modifications of Szász-Mirakyan operators based on (p,q)-integers. We first give a recurrence relation for the moments of new operators and present explicit formula for the moments and central moments up to order 4. Some approximation properties of new operators are explored: the uniform convergence over bounded and unbounded intervals is established, direct approximation properties of the operators in terms of the moduli of smoothness is obtained and Voronovskaya theorem is presented. For the particular case p = 1, the previous results for q-Sz ász-Mirakyan operators are captured. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Eren T.,Kirikkale University
Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking | Year: 2011

This article provides the graphical properties which can ensure unique localizability in cooperative networks with hybrid distance and bearing (angle of arrival) measurements. Furthermore, within the networks satisfying these graphical properties, this article identifies further sets of conditions so that the associated computational complexity becomes linear in the number of sensor nodes. We show how, by forming a spanning tree used once for distances and a second time for bearings where the underlying graph is connected, the localization problem can be made solvable in linear time with significantly less number of sensing links and smaller sensing radii of nodes compared with the cooperative networks with distance-only or bearing-only measurements. These easily localizable networks can be localized in polynomial time when measurements are noisy. © 2011 Eren; licensee Springer. Source

Eren T.,Kirikkale University
International Journal of Control | Year: 2012

Distance measurements are not the only geometric quantities that can be used for multi-agent formation shape control. Bearing measurements can be used in conjunction with distances. This article employs bearing rigidity for mobile formations, which was developed for robot and sensor network localisation, so that bearings can be used for shape control in mobile formations. The first part of this article examines graph theoretical models for formation network analysis and control law design that are needed to maintain the shape of a formation in two-dimensional space, while the formation moves as a cohesive whole. Bearing-based shape control for a formation of mobile agents involves the design of distributed control laws that ensure the formation moves, so that bearing constraints maintain some desired values. The second part of this article focuses on the design of a distributed control scheme for nonholonomic agents to solve the bearing-based formation shape control problem. In particular, a control law using feedback linearisation is proposed based on shape variables. We simulate the shape control behaviour on differential drive agents for an exemplary bearing rigid formation using the results obtained in the first and second parts of this article. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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