Kingston University is a public research university located in Kingston upon Thames, southwest London, United Kingdom. It was originally founded in 1899 and became a university in 1992.Campuses are located in Kingston and Roehampton. There is a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate work spread across five faculties, as well as some further education provisions. Wikipedia.
Walker A.,Kingston University
Parasites and Vectors | Year: 2011
The need to discover new treatments for human schistosomiasis has been an important driver for molecular research on schistosomes, a major breakthrough being the publication of the Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma japonicum genomes in 2009. This 'Primer' considers recent advances in the understanding of schistosome biology by providing a snapshot of selected areas of contemporary functional schistosome research, including that on the genome, the tegument, cell signalling and developmental biology, offering biologists a valuable insight into the life of these fascinating parasites at the basic and molecular level. © 2011 Walker; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Waller M.,Kingston University
Journal of Quaternary Science | Year: 2013
The temperate and boreal forests of Europe and North America have been subject to repeated pathogen (fungal disease and phytophagus insect) outbreaks over the last 100 years. Palaeoecology can, potentially, offer a long-term perspective on such disturbance episodes, providing information on their triggers, frequency and impact. Mid-Holocene declines in Tsuga and Ulmus pollen dominate the Quaternary literature on forest pathogens, yet the role of pathogens, and even the presence of pathogenic fungal diseases, during these events has yet to be established. Pathogen-focused research strategies, informed by the sequence of events documented in modern outbreaks, and undertaken at high temporal resolution using a multi-proxy approach, are required. It is argued that forest pathogens are likely to have been significant agents of past vegetation change, even in cases where climate change was the primary stress factor. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Wainwright T.,Kingston University
Environment and Planning A | Year: 2011
In this paper I will explore London's onshore finance industry and how it facilitates corporate tax avoidance programmes. In doing so, I will discuss how financial elites design transactions and corporate activities so as to minimise their exposure to taxation, and how these structures are shaped by the international geographies of taxation. I will investigate an area of London's financial sector that has previously been neglected by geographers and social scientists. Finally, I turn to illustrate how tax minimisation strategies are implemented, through the example of residential mortgage-backed securitisation, and how tax-minimisation strategies made securitisation a practical tool for financiers. This provides new insights into how taxation elites facilitated the increased financialisation of Britain's economy and the severity of its exposure to the credit crunch. © 2011 Pion Ltd and its Licensors.
Jones G.,Kingston University
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2015
Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common in patients with CKD. Association studies suggest that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH-D3) is a harbinger of poor outcomes in these patients. Serum 25-OH-D represents the best biomarker of vitaminDstatus, but there ismuch debate surrounding the performance of some of the assay methods. Programs such as the Vitamin D Standardization Program and Vitamin D External Quality Assessment Scheme (DEQAS) in the United Kingdom have allowed us to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of the available methods. Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry–based methods for serum 25-OH-D measurement are emerging as more accurate and reliable alternatives to the immunoassay-based methods that have dominated over the past 2 decades. There is a renewed optimismthat serum25-OH-Dis a useful biomarker to be used in patients with CKD, in particular to diagnose vitamin D deficiency and monitor vitamin D therapy. This commentary discusses some of the methodologic problems associated with serum 25-OH-D assays and their resolution, and looks forward to the future of vitamin D testing. © 2015 by the American Society of Nephrology
Take W.A.,Kingston University
Canadian Geotechnical Journal | Year: 2015
Digital image correlation (DIC) is an image-processing technique that calculates fields of incremental displacement by comparing two digital images and locating numerous small regions in both images to high subpixel accuracy. This technique is particularly well suited to the visualization of geotechnical failure processes such as the plastic collapse of a shallow foundation or the evolution of failure within a physical model landslide as it can yield full-field displacements at high spatial and temporal resolution. The adoption of digital image correlation methods by the geotechnical engineering community over the past 15 years has therefore provided researchers with a transformative tool for the visualization of failure mechanisms and the quantification of soil and soil-structure interaction behaviour within physical model experiments. The objective of this Canadian Geotechnical Colloquium is to provide an updated review of the factors that affect accuracy and precision of the technique and to highlight selected recent advances and emerging uses of DIC in geotechnical engineering applications with particular emphasis on geotechnical physical modelling and field monitoring. © 2015, National Research Council of Canada, All Rights Reserved.