Kings British Heart Foundation Center

London, United Kingdom

Kings British Heart Foundation Center

London, United Kingdom
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Perrino C.,University of Naples Federico II | Barabasi A.-L.,Northeastern University | Barabasi A.-L.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Barabasi A.-L.,Central European University | And 30 more authors.
Cardiovascular Research | Year: 2017

Despite advances in myocardial reperfusion therapies, acute myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury and consequent ischaemic heart failure represent the number one cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized societies. Although different therapeutic interventions have been shown beneficial in preclinical settings, an effective cardioprotective or regenerative therapy has yet to be successfully introduced in the clinical arena. Given the complex pathophysiology of the ischaemic heart, large scale, unbiased, global approaches capable of identifying multiple branches of the signalling networks activated in the ischaemic/reperfused heart might be more successful in the search for novel diagnostic or therapeutic targets. High-throughput techniques allow high-resolution, genome-wide investigation of genetic variants, epigenetic modifications, and associated gene expression profiles. Platforms such as proteomics and metabolomics (not described here in detail) also offer simultaneous readouts of hundreds of proteins and metabolites. Isolated omics analyses usually provide Big Data requiring large data storage, advanced computational resources and complex bioinformatics tools. The possibility of integrating different omics approaches gives new hope to better understand the molecular circuitry activated by myocardial ischaemia, putting it in the context of the human ‘diseasome’. Since modifications of cardiac gene expression have been consistently linked to pathophysiology of the ischaemic heart, the integration of epigenomic and transcriptomic data seems a promising approach to identify crucial disease networks. Thus, the scope of this Position Paper will be to highlight potentials and limitations of these approaches, and to provide recommendations to optimize the search for novel diagnostic or therapeutic targets for acute ischaemia/reperfusion injury and ischaemic heart failure in the post-genomic era. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.


Zervou S.,University of Oxford | Yin X.,Kings British Heart Foundation Center | A. Nabeebaccus A.,Kings British Heart Foundation Center | O'Brien B.A.,King's College London | And 6 more authors.
Amino Acids | Year: 2016

Mice over-expressing the creatine transporter have elevated myocardial creatine levels [Cr] and are protected against ischaemia/reperfusion injury via improved energy reserve. However, mice with very high [Cr] develop cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction. To investigate these contrasting effects, we applied a non-biased hypothesis-generating approach to quantify global protein and metabolite changes in the LV of mice stratified for [Cr] levels: wildtype, moderately elevated, and high [Cr] (65–85; 100–135; 160–250 nmol/mg protein, respectively). Male mice received an echocardiogram at 7 weeks of age with tissue harvested at 8 weeks. RV was used for [Cr] quantification by HPLC to select LV tissue for subsequent analysis. Two-dimensional difference in-gel electrophoresis identified differentially expressed proteins, which were manually picked and trypsin digested for nano-LC–MS/MS. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed efficient group separation (ANOVA P ≤ 0.05) and peptide sequences were identified by mouse database (UniProt 201203) using Mascot. A total of 27 unique proteins were found to be differentially expressed between normal and high [Cr], with proteins showing [Cr]-dependent differential expression, chosen for confirmation, e.g. α-crystallin B, a heat shock protein implicated in cardio-protection and myozenin-2, which could contribute to the hypertrophic phenotype. Nuclear magnetic resonance (¹H-NMR at 700 MHz) identified multiple strong correlations between [Cr] and key cardiac metabolites. For example, positive correlations with α-glucose (r² = 0.45; P = 0.002), acetyl-carnitine (r² = 0.50; P = 0.001), glutamine (r² = 0.59; P = 0.0002); and negative correlations with taurine (r² = 0.74; P < 0.0001), fumarate (r² = 0.45; P = 0.003), aspartate (r² = 0.59; P = 0.0002), alanine (r² = 0.66; P < 0.0001) and phosphocholine (r² = 0.60; P = 0.0002). These findings suggest wide-ranging and hitherto unexpected adaptations in substrate utilisation and energy metabolism with a general pattern of impaired energy generating pathways in mice with very high creatine levels. © 2016 The Author(s)


Barallobre-Barreiro J.,Kings British Heart Foundation Center | Didangelos A.,Kings British Heart Foundation Center | Yin X.,Kings British Heart Foundation Center | Domenech N.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of A Coruna Inibic | Mayr M.,Kings British Heart Foundation Center
Methods in Molecular Biology | Year: 2013

Cardiacfibrosis is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) and is a common complication of various cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about proteins in the cardiac extracellular space. Proteomics analysis of cardiac ECM can be challenging due to the presence of more abundant intracellular proteins, the low degree of solubility of integral ECM proteins, and the presence of abundant posttranslational modifications. Here we describe an extraction methodology based on tissue decellularization, which allows the biochemical subfractionation of extracellular proteins in cardiac tissue. These relatively low-complexity protein fractions are suitable for analysis by gel-LC-MS/MS and other proteomics techniques. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.


PubMed | Kings British Heart Foundation Center
Type: | Journal: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) | Year: 2013

Cardiac fibrosis is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) and is a common complication of various cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about proteins in the cardiac extracellular space. Proteomics analysis of cardiac ECM can be challenging due to the presence of more abundant intracellular proteins, the low degree of solubility of integral ECM proteins, and the presence of abundant posttranslational modifications. Here we describe an extraction methodology based on tissue decellularization, which allows the biochemical subfractionation of extracellular proteins in cardiac tissue. These relatively low-complexity protein fractions are suitable for analysis by gel-LC-MS/MS and other proteomics techniques.

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