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Ishfaq M.,The University of Lahore | Malik A.,The University of Lahore | Faiz M.,INMOL Hospital | Sheikh I.A.,King Fahd Medical Research Center | And 10 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) performs a vital role in the pathogenesis of hematopoietic malignancies. Therefore in recent times, the focus of several studies was on use of FLT3 as a prognostic marker. The present study investigated the molecular characterization and incidence of FLT3 mutations in acute leukemia patients in Pakistan. A total of 55 patients were studied, of which 25 were suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 30 were suffering from acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The polymerase chain reaction demonstrated FLT3/ITD mutations in 1 (4%) of 25 ALL patients, a male with the L2 subtype. In AML cases the rate was 4 (13.3%) of 30, three males and one female. The AML-M4 subtype was found in three and the AML M2 subtype in the other. In the AML cases, a statistically significant (p=0.009) relationship was found between WBC (109/L) and FLT3/ITD positivity. However, no significant relationship was found with other clinical parameters (p>0.05). In acute myeloid leukemia (AML) FLT3/ITD+ mutation was more prevalent in elderly patients 31-40 age groups, 21-30 and 51-60 age groups respectively. In acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) statistically no significant relationship was found between clinical features and FLT3/ITD positivity (p>0.05). However, in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) FLT3/ITD+ mutation was more commonly found in age groups of 21-30.

Elshal M.F.,King Fahd Medical Research Center | Elshal M.F.,Immunology Unit | Elshal M.F.,King Abdulaziz University | Elshal M.F.,Sadat City University | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Laboratory | Year: 2016

Background: CD200 and its receptor CD200R are both type I membrane glycoproteins that modulate the activity of myeloid and lymphoid cells, and their interaction is functionally important in the suppression of effector T-cell responses by regulatory T-cells. We aimed to investigate the extent of expression of CD200 and CD200R1 on CD4+ T-cells in blood of children with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) and to explore their correlations with effector T cell subsets, regulatory T cells (Treg), and routine clinical and serological markers. Methods: The frequencies of blood CD4+ expressing CD200 and CD200R1 as well as T-helper CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Treg, CD4+ IL-17+ (Th17), CD4+ IFN-γ+ (Th1), and CD4+IL-4+ (Th2) were estimated by flow cytometry in 23 patients with CD, 14 with UC, and 14 healthy volunteers (HCs). The clinical and inflammatory markers were also investigated. Results: IBD patients showed decreased CD4+CD200R1+ T-cells, whereas, CD4+CD200+ T-cells were significantly higher in patient groups compared with healthy controls. Treg cells were found significantly decreased in the patients with UC and CD compared with healthy controls (both at p < 0.01). The percentage of Th17 was found significantly increased in CD (p < 0.05) compared with UC patients and healthy subjects (p = 0.014). CD200+CD4+ T-cells showed significant positive correlations with ESR, Thl, and Th17 (r = 0.438, p < 0.05; r = 0.411, p < 0.05; r = 0.492, p < 0.01, respectively). CD200R1+CD4+ T-cells correlated positively with Th2 and Treg (r = 0.482, p < 0.01, and r = 0.457, p < 0.01, respectively) and negatively with ESR (r = -0.387, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Our study demonstrates an aberrant expression of CD200/CD200R1 on CD4+ T-cells in IBD patients and these data may have potent pathological significance in IBD pathophysiology.

PubMed | King Abdulaziz University, The University of Lahore, King Fahd Medical Research Center and Muhammad Asif
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pakistan journal of medical sciences | Year: 2015

Objective : The present study was designed to investigate variations in the levels of thyroid hormones (T3, T4) in breast and ovarian cancers patients. Methods : A total 120 subjects were recruited (without thyroid history) divided into three groups; A, B and C. Group A as control with healthy individuals. While group B and group C were consisting of breast cancer and ovarian cancer patient respectively. Blood samples (5 ml) were taken and analyzed to estimate the levels of serum T3 (tri-iodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxin) hormones. R esults : Statistically significant difference (P=0.000* and P=0.017*) was obtained among all groups. A significant increase in T3 (P=0.000*) and T4 (0.005*) levels was observed among breast cancer patients as compared to healthy controls. While for ovarian cancer patients conflicting results were found for T3 and T4 levels in the serum i.e. insignificant difference was found in T3 (P=0.209) and T4 (P=0.050) as compared to control. Our results showed that in the breast cancer and ovarian cancer patients the thyroid hormone (T3 and T4) level has been altered from the normal ranges as compared to the normal healthy individuals. Conclusion : We conclude that hyperthyroidism has profound effects on breast cancer and ovarian cancer cells proliferation.

Khorshid F.A.,King Fahd Medical Research Center | Raouf G.A.,King Fahd Medical Research Center | Raouf G.A.,King Abdulaziz University | El-Hamidy S.M.,King Fahd Medical Research Center | And 5 more authors.
Life Science Journal | Year: 2011

Cancer becomes one of the leading cause of death in many countries over the world. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of human lung cancer cells (A549) treated with PMF (natural product extracted from PM 701) for different time intervals were examined. Second derivative and difference method were taken in comparison studies. Cesium (Cs) and Rubidium (Rb) nanoparticles in PMF were detected by Energy Dispersive X-ray attached to Scanning Electron Microscope SEM-EDX. Characteristic changes in protein secondary structure, lipid profile and changes in the intensities of DNA bands were identified in treated A549 cells spectra. A characteristic internucleosomal ladder of DNA fragmentation was also observed after 30 min of treatment. Moreover, the pH values were significantly increases upon treatment due to the presence of Cs and Rb nanoparticles in the PMF fraction. These results support the previous findings that PMF is selective anticancer agent and can produce apoptosis to A549 cells.

PubMed | King Fahd Medical Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: World journal of gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Chronic active hepatitis (CAH) is acknowledged as an imperative risk factor for the development of liver injury and hepatocellular carcinoma. The histological end points of CAH are chronic inflammation, fibrosis and cirrhosis which are coupled with increased DNA synthesis in cirrhotic vs healthy normal livers. The potential mechanism involved in CAH includes a combination of processes leading to liver cell necrosis, inflammation and cytokine production and liver scaring (fibrosis). The severity of liver damage is regulated by Hepatitis B virus genotypes and viral components. The viral and cellular factors that contribute to liver injury are discussed in this article. Liver injury caused by the viral infection affects many cellular processes such as cell signaling, apoptosis, transcription, DNA repair which in turn induce radical effects on cell survival, growth, transformation and maintenance. The consequence of such perturbations is resulted in the alteration of bile secretion, gluconeogenesis, glycolysis, detoxification and metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, fat and balance of nutrients. The identification and elucidation of the molecular pathways perturbed by the viral proteins are important in order to design effective strategy to minimize and/or restore the hepatocytes injury.

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