King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
Algahtani H.,Arabian Gulf University |
Buraik Y.,Saudi Aramco |
Ad-Dab'bagh Y.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
Ad-Dab'bagh Y.,University of Ottawa
Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy | Year: 2017
The introduction of modern mental healthcare standards and services in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), has resulted in a gradual shift towards a more positive perspective on mental health issues and related services, and has increased the demand for qualified mental health professionals and psychological interventions (WHO 2016). Despite recent advances in mental healthcare services, psychopharmacology remains the main treatment modality for the majority of mental health issues in KSA. Psychotherapy has had a rather slow developmental trajectory in KSA, and its provision requires an understanding of many specific aspects of Saudi culture (Dubovsky 1983). This paper will shed light on the historical development and current challenges of psychiatric and psychological services and the availability of psychotherapy in KSA. By offering an explication of a selection of local social phenomena, this paper will attempt to explain how unique Saudi cultural constructs and social contexts influence the training, perception, and practice of psychotherapy in the country, outlining existing challenges as well as some expected future directions. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
AlQuliti K.,Taibah University |
Ratrout B.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
AlZaki A.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal | Year: 2014
Background: Treatment of epilepsy with antiepileptic drugs (AED) is effective and remains the principal mode of management. A group of adverse effects and drug toxicity can develop immediately or later in the course of treatment. AEDs also have the potential of precipitating idiosyncratic adverse effects including serious cutaneous, hematological and hepatic events. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare but severe cutaneous adverse reactions are related to or caused by a variety of medications including AEDs, they carry a high mortality and morbidity rate, accurate diagnosis and rapid treatment may improve the prognosis. Objective: To characterize the clinical features and methods of differentiating Stevens-Johnson syndrome from toxic epidermal necrolysis using a case study and to identify other factors that may contribute to this critical illness. Conclusion: Clinical knowledge of potential sever adverse reaction of AEDs is essential and may overcome treatment failure with major impact on health-related quality of life in people with epilepsy. © 2014 Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal.
Alhazmi R.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
Farmer J.-P.,McGill University |
Saint-Martin C.,McGill University
Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences | Year: 2017
Absence of the cervical pedicle is a very rare congenital anomaly, easily misrecognized as a unilateral facet dislocation in a setting of acute trauma or a neoplastic process like a nerve sheath tumor. Although correct diagnosis can be achieved on the cervical radiograph and confirmed by the CT, MRI Myelography is clearly of additional value because shows the specific relationship and orientation of the nerve roots. To the best to our knowledge, this is the first description of MR Myelography findings. © 2017 The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences Inc.
Bunyan R.F.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
Tang J.,Treatment and Research Center at the Minneapolis Clinic of Neurology |
Weinshenker B.,Mayo Medical School
Neurologic Clinics | Year: 2012
Central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory demyelinating diseases are a group of disorders that include multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and neuromyelitis optica. These conditions may result in emergencies because of severe inflammatory destruction of CNS tissues or complications thereof. Most of these conditions are responsive to appropriate therapy and early diagnosis and treatment leads to better outcomes. We discuss the spectrum of emergencies associated with these disorders, as well as clinical features, investigations, and management. © 2012.
Mohamed N.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
Cornell L.D.,Mayo Medical School
Surgical Pathology Clinics | Year: 2014
In patients with end-stage renal disease, kidney transplantation is the best means to extend survival and offer a better quality of life. The current shortage of organs available for transplantation has led to an effort to expand the kidney donor pool, including the use of nonideal donor kidneys. Assessment of the quality of the donated kidney is essential, and would facilitate the decision to transplant a potential organ or discard it. Multiple clinical and histologic parameters have been examined to evaluate the donor kidney and relate the findings to the graft outcome, but clear-cut criteria are yet to be defined. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Bunyan R.F.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
Neurologic clinics | Year: 2012
Central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory demyelinating diseases are a group of disorders that include multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and neuromyelitis optica. These conditions may result in emergencies because of severe inflammatory destruction of CNS tissues or complications thereof. Most of these conditions are responsive to appropriate therapy and early diagnosis and treatment leads to better outcomes. We discuss the spectrum of emergencies associated with these disorders, as well as clinical features, investigations, and management. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Ghanem H.M.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
Abou-Alia A.M.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
Alsirafy S.A.,Cairo University
American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine | Year: 2013
Little is known about the pattern of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization and infection in hospitalized palliative care (PC) patients. We reviewed 854 admissions for 289 patients with advanced cancer managed by a PC service in a tertiary care hospital. The MRSA screening was performed at least once in 228 (79%) patients, and 21 (9%) of them were MRSA positive. Other cultures were done in 251 (86.8%) patients, and 8 (3%) patients were MRSA positive. The total number of MRSA-positive admissions was 28 (3%), with a median admission duration of 8 days. A substantial proportion of hospitalized PC patients with cancer are MRSA positive. Research is required to study the impact of infection control measures on the quality of PC delivered to MRSA-positive terminally ill patients in hospitals. © The Author(s) 2012.
Pfeifenbring S.,University of Gottingen |
Bunyan R.F.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam |
Metz I.,University of Gottingen |
Rover C.,University of Gottingen |
And 4 more authors.
Annals of Neurology | Year: 2015
Objective Axonal damage occurs early in multiple sclerosis (MS) and contributes to the degree of clinical disability. Children with MS more often show disabling and polyfocal neurological symptoms at disease onset than adults with MS. Thus, axonal damage may differ between pediatric and adult MS patients. Methods We analyzed axonal pathology in archival brain biopsy and autopsy samples from 19 children with early MS. Lesions were classified according to demyelinating activity and presence of remyelination. Axonal density and extent of acute axonal damage were assessed using Bielschowsky silver impregnation and immunohistochemistry for amyloid precursor protein (APP), respectively. Axonal injury was correlated with the inflammatory infiltrate as well as clinical characteristics. Results were compared with data from adult MS patients. Results Acute axonal damage was most extensive in early active demyelinating (EA) lesions of pediatric patients and correlated positively with the Expanded Disability Status Scale at attack leading to biopsy/autopsy. Comparison with 12 adult patients showed a 50% increase in the extent of acute axonal damage in EA lesions from children compared to adults, with the highest number of APP-positive spheroids found prior to puberty. The extent of acute axonal damage correlated positively with the number of lesional macrophages. Axonal density was reduced in pediatric lesions irrespective of the demyelinating activity or the presence of remyelination. Axonal reduction was similar between children and adults. Interpretation Our results provide evidence for more pronounced acute axonal damage in inflammatory demyelinating lesions from children compared to adults. Ann Neurol 2015;77:655-667 © 2015 American Neurological Association.
PubMed | King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam and King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical physics | Year: 2017
To analyze the performance of the multi-leaf collimators (MLCs) from the log files recorded during the intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment and to construct the relative fluence maps and do the gamma analysis to compare the planned and executed MLCs movement.We developed a program to extract and analyze the data from dynamic log files (dynalog files) generated from sliding window IMRT delivery treatments. The program extracts the planned and executed (actual or delivered) MLCs movement, calculates and compares the relative planned and executed fluences. The fluence maps were used to perform the gamma analysis (with 3% dose difference and 3 mm distance to agreement) for 3 IMR patients. We compared our gamma analysis results with those obtained from portal dose image prediction (PDIP) algorithm performed using the EPID.For 3 different IMRT patient treatments, the maximum difference between the planned and the executed MCLs positions was 1.2 mm. The gamma analysis results of the planned and delivered fluences were in good agreement with the gamma analysis from portal dosimetry. The maximum difference for number of pixels passing the gamma criteria (3%/3mm) was 0.19% with respect to portal dosimetry results.MLC log files can be used to verify the performance of the MLCs. Patientspecific IMRT QA based on MLC movement log files gives similar results to EPID dosimetry results. This promising method for patient-specific IMRT QA is fast, does not require dose measurements in a phantom, can be done before the treatment and for every fraction, and significantly reduces the IMRT workload. The author would like to thank King Fahd University of petroleum and Minerals for the support.
PubMed | McGill University and King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
Type: | Journal: The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques | Year: 2017
Absence of the cervical pedicle is a very rare congenital anomaly, easily misrecognized as a unilateral facet dislocation in a setting of acute trauma or a neoplastic process like a nerve sheath tumor. Although correct diagnosis can be achieved on the cervical radiograph and confirmed by the CT, MRI Myelography is clearly of additional value because shows the specific relationship and orientation of the nerve roots. To the best to our knowledge, this is the first description of MR Myelography findings.