King Fahad, Saudi Arabia
King Fahad, Saudi Arabia

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Bunyan R.F.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam | Tang J.,Treatment and Research Center at the Minneapolis Clinic of Neurology | Weinshenker B.,Mayo Medical School
Neurologic Clinics | Year: 2012

Central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory demyelinating diseases are a group of disorders that include multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and neuromyelitis optica. These conditions may result in emergencies because of severe inflammatory destruction of CNS tissues or complications thereof. Most of these conditions are responsive to appropriate therapy and early diagnosis and treatment leads to better outcomes. We discuss the spectrum of emergencies associated with these disorders, as well as clinical features, investigations, and management. © 2012.


Mohamed N.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam | Nasr S.H.,Mayo Medical School
Surgical Pathology Clinics | Year: 2014

Amyloidosis is an uncommon group of diseases in which soluble proteins aggregate and deposit extracellularly in tissue as insoluble fibrils, leading to tissue destruction and progressive organ dysfunction. More than 25 proteins have been identified as amyloid precursor proteins. Amyloid fibrils have a characteristic appearance on ultrastructural examination and generate anomalous colors under polarized light. Amyloidosis can be systemic or localized. The kidney is a prime site for amyloid deposition. Immunofluorescence, immunoperoxidase, and more recently laser microdissection and mass spectrometry are important tools used in the typing of renal amyloidosis. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


Mohamed N.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam | Cornell L.D.,Mayo Medical School
Surgical Pathology Clinics | Year: 2014

In patients with end-stage renal disease, kidney transplantation is the best means to extend survival and offer a better quality of life. The current shortage of organs available for transplantation has led to an effort to expand the kidney donor pool, including the use of nonideal donor kidneys. Assessment of the quality of the donated kidney is essential, and would facilitate the decision to transplant a potential organ or discard it. Multiple clinical and histologic parameters have been examined to evaluate the donor kidney and relate the findings to the graft outcome, but clear-cut criteria are yet to be defined. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


Bunyan R.F.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
Neurologic clinics | Year: 2012

Central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory demyelinating diseases are a group of disorders that include multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and neuromyelitis optica. These conditions may result in emergencies because of severe inflammatory destruction of CNS tissues or complications thereof. Most of these conditions are responsive to appropriate therapy and early diagnosis and treatment leads to better outcomes. We discuss the spectrum of emergencies associated with these disorders, as well as clinical features, investigations, and management. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Ghanem H.M.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam | Abou-Alia A.M.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam | Alsirafy S.A.,Cairo University
American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine | Year: 2013

Little is known about the pattern of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization and infection in hospitalized palliative care (PC) patients. We reviewed 854 admissions for 289 patients with advanced cancer managed by a PC service in a tertiary care hospital. The MRSA screening was performed at least once in 228 (79%) patients, and 21 (9%) of them were MRSA positive. Other cultures were done in 251 (86.8%) patients, and 8 (3%) patients were MRSA positive. The total number of MRSA-positive admissions was 28 (3%), with a median admission duration of 8 days. A substantial proportion of hospitalized PC patients with cancer are MRSA positive. Research is required to study the impact of infection control measures on the quality of PC delivered to MRSA-positive terminally ill patients in hospitals. © The Author(s) 2012.


Pfeifenbring S.,University of Gottingen | Bunyan R.F.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam | Metz I.,University of Gottingen | Rover C.,University of Gottingen | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Neurology | Year: 2015

Objective Axonal damage occurs early in multiple sclerosis (MS) and contributes to the degree of clinical disability. Children with MS more often show disabling and polyfocal neurological symptoms at disease onset than adults with MS. Thus, axonal damage may differ between pediatric and adult MS patients. Methods We analyzed axonal pathology in archival brain biopsy and autopsy samples from 19 children with early MS. Lesions were classified according to demyelinating activity and presence of remyelination. Axonal density and extent of acute axonal damage were assessed using Bielschowsky silver impregnation and immunohistochemistry for amyloid precursor protein (APP), respectively. Axonal injury was correlated with the inflammatory infiltrate as well as clinical characteristics. Results were compared with data from adult MS patients. Results Acute axonal damage was most extensive in early active demyelinating (EA) lesions of pediatric patients and correlated positively with the Expanded Disability Status Scale at attack leading to biopsy/autopsy. Comparison with 12 adult patients showed a 50% increase in the extent of acute axonal damage in EA lesions from children compared to adults, with the highest number of APP-positive spheroids found prior to puberty. The extent of acute axonal damage correlated positively with the number of lesional macrophages. Axonal density was reduced in pediatric lesions irrespective of the demyelinating activity or the presence of remyelination. Axonal reduction was similar between children and adults. Interpretation Our results provide evidence for more pronounced acute axonal damage in inflammatory demyelinating lesions from children compared to adults. Ann Neurol 2015;77:655-667 © 2015 American Neurological Association.


PubMed | King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences and King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC medical education | Year: 2016

King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) was the first university in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia offering both high school entry and graduate entry (GE) students into medical school. We compared the academic performance and professionalism lapses of high school entry and GE students who undertook the same curriculum and examinations in the College of Medicine, Riyadh, KSAU-HS.Examination scores of 196 high school graduates and 54 GE students over a 4-year period (2010-2014) were used as a measure of academic achievement. For assessment of professionalism lapses, we compared the number of warning letters in both streams of students.In some pre-clinical courses, high school entry students performed significantly better than GE students. There was no significant difference in academic performance of high school entry and GE students in clinical rotations. GE students had a significantly greater number of warning letters per student as compared to high school entry students.This is the first Saudi study to compare the performance of high school entry and GE students in a medical school. Overall, both streams of students performed equally well with high school entry students performing better than GE students in a few pre-clinical courses. We compared professionalism lapses and found an increase in number of warning letters for GE students. More studies are needed to evaluate if there are differences in other assessments of professionalism between these two streams of students.


PubMed | King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam and King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical physics | Year: 2017

To analyze the performance of the multi-leaf collimators (MLCs) from the log files recorded during the intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment and to construct the relative fluence maps and do the gamma analysis to compare the planned and executed MLCs movement.We developed a program to extract and analyze the data from dynamic log files (dynalog files) generated from sliding window IMRT delivery treatments. The program extracts the planned and executed (actual or delivered) MLCs movement, calculates and compares the relative planned and executed fluences. The fluence maps were used to perform the gamma analysis (with 3% dose difference and 3 mm distance to agreement) for 3 IMR patients. We compared our gamma analysis results with those obtained from portal dose image prediction (PDIP) algorithm performed using the EPID.For 3 different IMRT patient treatments, the maximum difference between the planned and the executed MCLs positions was 1.2 mm. The gamma analysis results of the planned and delivered fluences were in good agreement with the gamma analysis from portal dosimetry. The maximum difference for number of pixels passing the gamma criteria (3%/3mm) was 0.19% with respect to portal dosimetry results.MLC log files can be used to verify the performance of the MLCs. Patientspecific IMRT QA based on MLC movement log files gives similar results to EPID dosimetry results. This promising method for patient-specific IMRT QA is fast, does not require dose measurements in a phantom, can be done before the treatment and for every fraction, and significantly reduces the IMRT workload. The author would like to thank King Fahd University of petroleum and Minerals for the support.


PubMed | Center for Research and Technology Hellas, University of Washington, King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam and Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation
Type: | Journal: Critical reviews in oncology/hematology | Year: 2016

Although newer antifungal drugs have substantially altered the natural history of invasive aspergillosis, the disease still accounts for significant morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. Both the evidence supporting a protective role of T cells against this fungal pathogen and the documented efficacy of adoptive transfer of antigen-specific T cells for prophylaxis and treatment of viral infections post-transplant have stimulated much interest towards development of Aspergillus-specific T cells (Asp-STs) for adoptive immunotherapy in the allogeneic transplant setting. In contrast to the remarkable progress with virus-specific T cells, clinical development of fungus-specific T cells is still in its infancy. Several groups have characterized Asp-STs in healthy individuals and patients with malignant hematological diseases, while others sought to develop GMP-compliant methods of expanding or bioengineering Asp-STs ex vivo as immunotherapy. This review highlights the recent advances in this field, and discusses critical issues involved in development and protocol design of Asp-ST immunotherapy.


PubMed | McGill University and King Fahad Specialist Hospital Dammam
Type: | Journal: The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques | Year: 2017

Absence of the cervical pedicle is a very rare congenital anomaly, easily misrecognized as a unilateral facet dislocation in a setting of acute trauma or a neoplastic process like a nerve sheath tumor. Although correct diagnosis can be achieved on the cervical radiograph and confirmed by the CT, MRI Myelography is clearly of additional value because shows the specific relationship and orientation of the nerve roots. To the best to our knowledge, this is the first description of MR Myelography findings.

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