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Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Alajmi D.,King Saud University | Almansour S.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital | Househ M.S.,King Saud University
Studies in Health Technology and Informatics | Year: 2013

Telemedicine is a tool used to deliver health care from a distance. Developing countries can benefit from telemedicine because these countries face such issues as a lack of specialists and medical infrastructure. Telemedicine in the developing world can offer solutions to healthcare access for people in rural areas, reduce healthcare costs, and possibly improve healthcare quality. A major benefit for patients is that they will be more involved in maintaining their health without the constant need to visit healthcare centers. The purpose of this paper is to provide solutions and recommendations for the implementation of telemedicine in the developing world. A comprehensive search of both academic and gray literature was conducted in September 2012. The results show that there are potential benefits of and challenges in the implementation of telemedicine in developing countries. How to overcome the key challenges related to financial issues, acceptance, health infrastructure, and legal and privacy issues is discussed. © 2013 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.

Issa H.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital
World Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2010

Aim: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined pegylated interferon and ribavirin for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C (HCV) in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). Methods: Fifty-two patients with SCA and HCV were treated over a period of 7 years from June 2002 to July 2009. Their medical records were reviewed for: age at treatment, sex, body mass index, Hb level at the start of therapy and on follow-up, hemoglobin electrophoresis, liver function tests, G6PD level, LDH, bilirubin, HCV-RNA viral load, HCV genotype, liver biopsy, duration of treatment, and side effects. All were treated with pegylated interferon and a standard dose of ribavirin. The treatment was continued for 24 wk for those with genotype 2 and 3 and for 48 wk for those with genotype 1 and 4. Results: Fifty-two patients (30 females and 22 males) were treated. Their mean age was 29.5 years (range 15-54 years). HCV genotype was determined in 48 and 15 had liver biopsy. Their mean pre-treatment HCV-RNA viral load was 986330 IU/mL (range 12762-3329282 IU/mL). The liver biopsy showed grade I in 6 and grade II in 9 and stage I in 13 and stage II in 2. Only 8 were receiving hydroxyurea at the time of treatment. All tolerated the treatment well and none experienced a decrease in their Hb which required blood transfusion pre, during or after therapy. There were no hematological side effects attributable to ribavirin at the usual recommended dose. Thirty-seven (71.2%) achieved SVR at 6 mo after the end of treatment. The remaining 15 were non-responders. Two of them showed an ETR but had a relapse. The remaining 13 had a relatively significant HCV-RNA viral load with a mean HCV-RNA viral load of 1829741.2 IU/mL (900000-3329282 IU/mL) and eight of them had HCV genotype 1, four had HCV genotype 4, and one had HCV genotype 5. Conclusion: Patients with SCA and HCV can be treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin at the usual recommended dose. This is even so in those who are not receiving hydroxyurea. The treatment is safe and effective and the response rate is comparable to those without SCA. © 2010 Baishideng.

Al-Saif O.H.,Surgical Oncology Section | Sengupta B.,Surgical Oncology Section | Amr S.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital | Meshikhes A.-W.,Surgical Oncology Section
American Journal of Surgery | Year: 2011

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare slow-growing retroperitoneal tumor. Two percent of leiomyosarcomas are vascular in origin, and tumors of the IVC account for the majority of the cases. The diagnosis is frequently delayed, because affected patients remain asymptomatic for a long period. It has an extremely poor prognosis, with 5-year actuarial malignancy-free survival rates of 30% to 50% after a wide surgical resection. The authors present the case of a patient with IVC leiomyosarcoma who underwent en bloc resection of the tumor along with the involved segment of the infrarenal IVC without caval reconstruction. Complete surgical resection offers the only potential of long-term survival, but survival of unresected patients is generally measured in months. Palliative resections may temporarily improve symptoms but do not offer long-term survival. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Issa H.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital | Al-Salem A.H.,Maternity and Children Hospital
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2011

AIM: To evaluate the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithia-sis in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: Two hundred and twenty four patients (144 male, 80 female; mean age, 22.4 years; range, 5-70 years) with SCA underwent ERCP as part of their evaluation for cholestatic jaundice (CJ). The indications for ERCP were: CJ only in 97, CJ and dilated bile ducts on ultrasound in 103, and CJ and common bile duct (CBD) stones on ultrasound in 42. RESULTS: In total, CBD stones were found in 88 (39.3%) patients and there was evidence of recent stone passage in 16. Fifteen were post-LC patients. These had endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction. The remaining 73 had endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction followed by LC without an intraopera-tive cholangiogram. CONCLUSION: In patients with SCA and cholelithiasis, ERCP is valuable whether preoperative or postoperative, and in none was there a need to perform intraoperative cholangiography. Sequential endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction followed by LC is benefcial in these patients. Endoscopic sphincterotomy may also prove to be useful in these patients as it may prevent the future development of biliary sludge and bile duct stones. © 2011 Baishideng. All rights reserved.

Shorman M.,King Fahad Specialist Hospital | Al-Tawfiq J.A.,Specialty Internal Medicine Unit
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

Background. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are significant nosocomial pathogens worldwide. There is one report about the epidemiology of VRE in Saudi Arabia. Objective. To determine the risk factors associated with VRE infection or colonization in intensive care unit (ICU) settings. Design. This is a descriptive, epidemiologic hospital-based case-control study of patients with VRE from February 2006 to March 2010 in ICU in a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. Methods. Data were collected from hospital records of patients with VRE. The main outcome measure was the adjusted odds ratio estimates of potential risk factors for VRE. Results. Factors associated with VRE included ICU admission for multiorgan failure, chronic renal failure, prior use of antimicrobial agents in the past three months and before ICU admission, gastrointestinal oral contrast procedure, and hemodialysis. Being located in a high risk room (roommate of patients colonized or infected with VRE) was found to be protective. Conclusions. Factors associated with VRE acquisition are often complex and may be confounded by local variables. © 2013 Mahmoud Shorman and Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq.

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