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Lahore, Pakistan

King Edward Medical University formerly known as King Edward Medical College is the oldest medical school in Pakistan. Mayo Hospital is the attached hospital, which was built in 1872 and was named after Lord Mak Mayo. King Edward Medical University is the oldest educational institute in Pakistan. King Edward Medical University is supervising Seven Tertiary care hospitals in Lahore as its teaching Hospitals. Wikipedia.

Baas P.W.,Drexel University | Ahmad F.J.,King Edward Medical University

Contemporary research has revealed a great deal of information on the behaviours of microtubules that underlie critical events in the lives of neurons. Microtubules in the neuron undergo dynamic assembly and disassembly, bundling and splaying, severing, and rapid transport as well as integration with other cytoskeletal elements such as actin filaments. These various behaviours are regulated by signalling pathways that affect microtubule-related proteins such as molecular motor proteins and microtubule severing enzymes, as well as a variety of proteins that promote the assembly, stabilization and bundling of microtubules. In recent years, translational neuroscientists have earmarked microtubules as a promising target for therapy of injury and disease of the nervous system. Proof-of-principle has come mainly from studies using taxol and related drugs to pharmacologically stabilize microtubules in animal models of nerve injury and disease. However, concerns persist that the negative consequences of abnormal microtubule stabilization may outweigh the positive effects. Other potential approaches include microtubule-active drugs with somewhat different properties, but also expanding the therapeutic toolkit to include intervention at the level of microtubule regulatory proteins. © 2013 The Author (2013). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Guarantors of Brain. All rights reserved. Source

Aslam M.N.,King Edward Medical University
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of students' rating as a teacher evaluation tool. Study Design: Concurrent mixed method. Place and Duration of Study: King Edward Medical University, Lahore, from January to June 2010. Methodology: Anonymous 5-point Likert scale survey questionnaire was conducted involving a single class consisting of 310 students and 12 students were selected for structured interview based on non-probability purposive sampling. Informed consent was procured. They were required to rate 6 teachers and were supposed to discuss teachers' performance in detail. Quantitative data collected through survey was analyzed using SPSS 15 and qualitative data was analyzed with the help of content analysis by identifying themes and patterns from thick descriptions. This student feedback would show the effectiveness in terms of its feasibility and as an indicator of teaching attributes. Results: Descriptive statistics of quantitative data obtained from survey was used to calculate mean and standard deviation for all teachers' individually. This showed the average direction of the student ratings. Percentages of the responses calculated of teacher A were 85.96%, teacher B 65.53, teacher C 65.20%, teacher D 69.62%, teacher E 65.32% and teacher F 64.24% in terms of overall effectiveness of their teaching. Structured interviews generated qualitative data which validated the students' views about strengths and weaknesses of teachers, and helped to determine the effectiveness of their rating and feedback. Conclusion: This simple rating system clearly showed its importance and hence can be used in institutions as a regular evaluating method of teaching faculty. Source

Naqi S.A.,King Edward Medical University
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan

Objective: To explore the utility of peer assisted learning (PAL) in medical schools as a formal instructional tool. Study Design: Grounded theory approach. Place and Duration of Study: King Edward Medical University, Lahore, from July 2011 to December 2011. Methodology: A study was designed using semi-structured in-depth interviews to collect data from final year medical students (n=6), residents (n=4) and faculty members (n=3), selected on the basis of non-probability purposive sampling. The qualitative data thus generated was first translated in English and transcribed and organized into major categories by using a coding framework. Participants were interviewed two more times to further explore their perceptions and experiences related to emergent categories. An iterative process was employed using grounded theory analysis technique to eventually generate theory. Results: PAL was perceived as rewarding in terms of fostering higher order thinking, effective teaching skills and in improving self efficacy among learners. Conclusion: PAL can offer learning opportunity to medical students, residents and faculty members. It can improve depth of their knowledge and skills. Source

Shah A.A.,Baylor College of Medicine | Aftab A.,King Edward Medical University | Coverdale J.,Baylor College of Medicine
Journal of Psychiatric Practice

Whether or not QTc interval should be routinely monitored in patients receiving antipsychotics is a controversial issue, given logistic and fiscal dilemmas. There is a link between antipsychotic medications and prolongation of QTc interval, which is associated with an increased risk of torsade de pointes (TdP). Our goal is to provide clinically practical guidelines for monitoring QTc intervals in patients being treated with antipsychotics. We provide an overview of the pathophysiology of the QT interval, its relationship to TdP, and a discussion of the QT prolonging effects of antipsychotics. A literature search for articles relevant to the QTc prolonging effects of antipsychotics and TdP was conducted utilizing the databases PubMed and Embase with various combinations of search words. The overall risk of TdP and sudden death associated with antipsychotics has been observed to be low. Medications, genetics, gender, cardiovascular status, pathological conditions, and electrolyte disturbances have been found to be related to prolongation of the QTc interval. We conclude that, while electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring is useful when administering antipsychotic medications in the presence of co-existing risk factors, it is not mandatory to perform ECG monitoring as a prerequisite in the absence of cardiac risk factors. An ECG should be performed if the initial evaluation suggests increased cardiac risk or if the antipsychotic to be prescribed has been established to have an increased risk of TdP and sudden death. © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Inc. Source

Mumtaz A.,King Edward Medical University
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia

The objective of the study was to determine the level of beta2-microglobulin (beta2-m) in hemodialysis (HD) patients and the factors affecting it. This cross sectional, hospital based study was conducted between September and December 2008 at the Hemodialysis unit of Shalamar Hospital, Lahore. All patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who were on maintenance HD for more than three months were included in the study. Patients with acute renal failure and on dialysis for less than three months were excluded. Demographic data were collected and details of dialysis (type of dialyzers, dialysate bath, membrane used) were recorded. Blood samples of the patients were drawn for hematological (hemoglobin, hematocrit), biochemical (urea, creatinine, uric acid, albumin) and beta2-m level measurement. The total number of patients studied was 50. The major causes of ESRD included diabetes mellitus and hypertension seen in 37 (74%) and 10 patients (20%), respectively. The beta2-m levels were significantly elevated in the study patients; 92.6 +/- 17.1 mg/L with a range of 54 to 130 mg/L as compared to 2.0 +/- 1.29 mg/L in the control group. The patients' age had a statistically significant relationship with the beta2-m level. The major reason for increased beta2-m level was use of low-flux dialyzers. Synthetic polysulphone membrane, bicarbonate, ultra pure dialysate and duration on HD were not asso-ciated with high beta2-m levels. Also, we found an inverse relationship between beta2-m levels and serum albumin of the study patients. Our study suggests that the beta2-m levels are significantly high in dialysis patients. Use of low-flux dialyzer seems to be the major reason for the high beta2-m levels. Age and albumin have statistically significant relationship with beta2-m levels. Source

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