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Al Moamary M.S.,King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences | Al Ghobain M.A.,King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences | Alfayez A.I.,King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences | Gasmelseed A.Y.,King Abdullah International Center for Medical Research | Al-Hajjaj M.S.,King Saud University
Journal of Infection and Public Health | Year: 2012

Objective: To identify the prevalence and predictors of the water-pipe (WP) smoking epidemic in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted with 16-18 year-old high school students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results: Of the 1272 participants, 414 (33.0%) reported having tried WP smoking. Of this group, 141 (34.1%) were female and 273 (65.9%) were male. Further, 129 (10.2%) students were current WP smokers who had used at least one rock in the past month; 20 were female (1.6%) and 120 were male (8.6%). Regarding age, 276 (68.1%) students who tried WP smoking at least once began when they were over 11 years of age, whereas 129 (31.9%) began WP smoking at or before 11 years of age. Adjusted odds ratios showed that trying WP smoking at least once was associated with smoking after the age of 11 (p= 0.021, OR 7.7; CI: 1.4-43.6) and accepting water-pipes from a friend (p= 0.024, OR 10.6; CI: 1.4-83.4). Conclusion: A high prevalence of WP smoking exists among male and female high schools students in Riyadh, KSA. WP smoking was reported to begin in early adulthood. © 2012 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences.


Al Moamary M.S.,King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences | Al Ghobain M.O.,King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences | Gasmelseed A.Y.,King Abdullah International Center for Medical Research | Al-Hajjaj M.S.,King Saud University
Annals of Thoracic Medicine | Year: 2012

Objective: To identify the predictors that lead to cigarette smoking among high school students by utilizing the global youth tobacco survey in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among high school students (grades 10-12) in Riyadh, KSA, between April 24, 2010, and June 16, 2010. Results: The response rate of the students was 92.17%. The percentage of high school students who had previously smoked cigarettes, even just 1-2 puffs, was 43.3% overall. This behavior was more common among male students (56.4%) than females (31.3%). The prevalence of students who reported that they are currently smoking at least one cigarette in the past 30 days was 19.5% (31.3% and 8.9% for males and females, respectively). "Ever smoked" status was associated with male gender (OR = 2.88, confidence interval [CI]: 2.28-3.63), parent smoking (OR = 1.70, CI: 1.25-2.30) or other member of the household smoking (OR = 2.11, CI: 1.59-2.81) who smoked, closest friends who smoked (OR = 8.17, CI: 5.56-12.00), and lack of refusal to sell cigarettes (OR = 5.68, CI: 2.09-15.48). Conclusion: Several predictors of cigarette smoking among high school students were identified.

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