Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

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Abdel Aziz M.T.,Cairo University | Motawi T.,Cairo University | Rezq A.,Cairo University | Mostafa T.,Cairo University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Sexual Medicine | Year: 2012

Introduction. Curcumin is involved in erectile signaling via elevation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). Aim. Assessment of the effects of water-soluble curcumin in erectile dysfunction (ED). Methods. One hundred twenty male white albino rats were divided into: 1st and 2nd control groups with or without administration of Zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), 3rd and 4th diabetic groups with or without ZnPP, 5th diabetic group on single oral dose of pure curcumin, 6th diabetic group on pure curcumin administered daily for 12 weeks, 7th and 8th diabetic groups on single dose of water-soluble curcumin administered with or without ZnPP, 9th and 10th diabetic groups on water-soluble curcumin administered daily for 12 weeks with or without ZnPP. All curcumin dosage schedules were administered after induction of diabetes. Main Outcome Measures. Quantitative gene expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear transcription factor-erythroid2 (Nrf2), NF-K{cyrillic}β, and p38. Cavernous tissue levels of HO and NOS enzyme activities, cGMP and intracavernosal pressure (ICP). Results. Twelve weeks after induction of diabetes, ED was confirmed by the significant decrease in ICP. There was a significant decrease in cGMP, NOS, HO enzymes, a significant decrease in eNOS, nNOS, HO-1 genes and a significant elevation of NF-K{cyrillic}β, p38, iNOS genes. Administration of pure curcumin or its water-soluble conjugate led to a significant elevation in ICP, cGMP levels, a significant increase in HO-1 and NOS enzymes, a significant increase in eNOS, nNOS, HO-1, and Nrf2 genes, and a significant decrease in NF-K{cyrillic}β, p38, and iNOS genes. Water-soluble curcumin showed significant superiority and more prolonged duration of action. Repeated doses regimens were superior to single dose regimen. Administration of ZnPP significantly reduced HO enzyme, cGMP, ICP/mean arterial pressure (MAP), HO-1 genes in diabetic groups. Conclusion. Water-soluble curcumin could enhance erectile function with more effectiveness and with more prolonged duration of action. © 2012 International Society for Sexual Medicine.


Moselhy S.S.,King Abdualziz University | Moselhy S.S.,Ain Shams University | Al-Malki A.L.,King Abdualziz University | Kumosani T.A.,King Abdualziz University | Jalal J.A.,King Abdualziz University
Toxicology and Industrial Health | Year: 2012

Osteoporosis represents a major public health problem through its association with fragility fractures, primarily of the hip, spine and distal forearm. The risk of osteoporosis increased in postmenopausal women due to decline in estrogen levels. Replicable hormone therapy is associated with undesirable side effects. Cod liver oil (CLO) is a rich source of docosahexaenoic acid eicosapentaenoic acid linolenic acid and vitamins A, E and D. In this study, the effect of CLO will be tested in the prevention of bone loss in the ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. One group of OVX rats (n = 12) received an estrogen implantation at the time of operation and the second group was supplemented orally with CLO (200 μl/kg body weight) daily for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, blood was analysed for serum calcium, phosphorous, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and estrogen and femur for calcium determination. Estrogen implantation as well as CLO supplementation in OVX rats increased the calcium level in femur as compared with sham rats (p < 0.05). It is concluded that supplementation of CLO have a positive effect on bone mineralization in rat, and this could offer a new strategy to avoid the side effects of replaceable hormonal therapy. © The Author(s) 2011.


Memish Z.A.,Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine | Memish Z.A.,Alfaisal University | Assiri A.,Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine | Almasri M.,Global Center for Mass Gatherings Medicine | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014

Background: Annually, Saudi Arabia is the host of the Hajj mass gathering. We aimed to determine the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) nasal carriage rate among pilgrims performing the 2013 Hajj and to describe the compliance with the Saudi Ministry of Health vaccine recommendations. Method: Nasopharyngeal samples were collected from 5235 adult pilgrims from 22 countries and screened for MERS-CoV using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Information regarding the participants, age, gender, country of origin, medical conditions, and vaccination history were obtained. Results: The mean age of the screened population was 51.8 years (range, 18-93 years) with a male/female ratio of 1.17:1. MERS-CoV was not detected in any of the samples tested (3210 pre-Hajj and 2025 post-Hajj screening). According to the vaccination documents, all participants had received meningococcal vaccination and the majority of those from at-risk countries were vaccinated against yellow fever and polio. Only 22% of the pilgrims (17.5% of those ≥65 years and 36.3% of diabetics) had flu vaccination, and 4.4% had pneumococcal vaccination. Conclusion: There was no evidence of MERS-CoV nasal carriage among Hajj pilgrims. While rates of compulsory vaccinations uptake were high, uptake of pneumococcal and flu seasonal vaccinations were low, including among the high-risk population. © The Author 2014.


Kim S.Y.,University of Sydney | Wong A.H.M.,University of Sydney | Abou Neel E.A.,King Abdualziz University | Abou Neel E.A.,Tanta University | And 3 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery | Year: 2015

Introduction: Search for new, functional biomaterials that can be used to synergistically deliver a drug, enhance its adsorption and stimulate the post-injury recovery of tissue function, is one of the priorities in biomedicine. Currently used materials for drug delivery fail to satisfy one or more of these functionalities, thus they have limited potential and new classes of materials are urgently needed.Areas covered: Natural materials, due to their origin, physical and chemical structure can potentially fulfill these requirements and there is already strong evidence of their usefulness in drug delivery. They are increasingly utilized in various therapeutic applications due to the obvious advantages over synthetic materials. Particularly in pulmonary drug delivery, there have been limitations in the use of synthetic materials such as polymers and lipids, leading to an increase in the use of natural and protein-based materials such as silk, keratin, elastin and collagen. Literature search in each specialized field, namely, silk, keratin and collagen was conducted, and the benefits of each material for future application in pulmonary drug delivery are highlighted.Expert opinion: The natural materials discussed in this review have been well established in their use for other applications, yet further studies are required in the application of pulmonary drug delivery. The properties exhibited by these natural materials seem positive for their application in lung tissue engineering, which may allow for more extensive testing for validation of pulmonary drug delivery systems. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.


Al-Malki A.L.,King Abdualziz University | Moselhy S.S.,King Abdualziz University
Human and Experimental Toxicology | Year: 2011

Seafood is considered by nutritionists to be a high source of omega 3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) which are involved in prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study is firstly to detect the presence of organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in some fresh seafood of Red Sea commonly used in KSA in relation to its contents. It was found that the fatty acids 18:2n-6, 18:3n-6, 18:3n-9 was statistically significantly higher in fresh samples than frozen (p < 0.05), smoked (p < 0.01) and canned fishes (p < 0.05), respectively. Total lipids and cholesterol content of canned and smoked fishes were significantly higher than fresh and frozen samples (p < 0.01, <0.05 and p < 0.01, <0.05). Vitamin D was found to be lower in frozen samples than fresh, smoked and canned (p < 0.05 for each). While vitamin A was higher in fresh and smoked as compared with frozen and canned samples. No organochlorine tested were detected in either fresh or processed samples (smoked, frozen and canned). Among the heavy metals, the highest lead level was detected in fresh and smoked samples as compared with frozen and canned samples. No correlation was found between organochlorine compounds in fish and the corresponding levels in fatty acids. We concluded that, all fishes are safe for uses but it is preferable to use fresh samples due to its high content of PUFA and low lead level. © SAGE Publications 2011.


Moselhy S.S.,King abdualziz University | Junbi H.H.,King abdualziz University
International Journal of Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2010

The hepatoprotective activity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of cinnamon were investigated against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced lipid peroxidation and hepatic injury in rats. The elevated serum AST and ALT enzymatic activities induced by CCl4 were restored towards normalization significantly by orally administrated 200 mg/kg of either extracts once daily for 7 days as compared to non treated rats. There was a significant elevation in the level of liver malondialdhyde (MDA) while the activities of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase (SOD and CAT) were significantly decreased in CCl4 intoxicated rats. The results obtained indicated that ethanolic extract have potent hepatoprotective action more than water extract against CCl4 by lowering the MDA level and elevate the antioxidants enzymes activities (SOD and CAT). It is concluded that, the possible mechanism of this activity may be due to free radical-scavenging polyphenols compounds.© arjournals.org, All rights reserved.


Al-Malki A.L.,King Abdualziz University | Moselhy S.S.,King Abdualziz University
Human and Experimental Toxicology | Year: 2011

Cyclosporine A (CyA) is the first-line immunosuppressant used for the management of solid organ transplantation and autoimmune diseases. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can attack all types of macromolecules including DNA and damage it. Epicatechin (EC) is one of the most potent antioxidants present in the human diet. Particularly high levels of this compound are found in tea, apples, and chocolate. The goal of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of EC against CyA toxicity and its antioxidant activity in transplanted patients to avoid its side effects. Results obtained showed that, CyA exert its toxic effect by increasing the free radicals and ROS that causes lipid peroxidation and cell damage, this is detected by elevation of hydroperoxides and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, while the activities of antioxidant enzymes include (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT] and glutathione peroxidase [GPx]) were significantly decreased as compared with control rats. The deleterious toxic effects of CyA are, at least in part, due to increased production of free radicals and ROS. Treatment of rats with epicatchin ameliorates the toxicity of CyA by decreasing the lipid peroxidation and enhanced the antioxidants enzyme activities. © The Author(s) 2011.


Komousani T.A.,King Abdualziz University | Moselhy S.S.,King Abdualziz University
Human and Experimental Toxicology | Year: 2011

The toxicity of many heavy metals is due to their ability to cause oxidative damage to tissues. Lead is one of the most important metals that pollute the natural environment due to man's impact The aim of this study is to investigate the potential protective effect of epicatechin alone or combined with lycopene against toxicity of lead in male rats. Five groups of rats were involved in this study; the first was control while the other four injected with lead acetate (100 mg/kg BW) subcutaneous for 2 weeks. On the other hand, the third, fourth and fifth groups were injected with epicatechin, lycopene or epicatechin + lycopene, respectively. Results obtained showed that, the combined treatment (epicatechin + lycopene) exert its effects (100%) against toxic effects against lead by lowering the liver enzymes alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma glutamyle transferase (GGT) activities and decrease lipid peroixdation (MDA) and enhances the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) level was significantly decreased and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) level was statistically significantly increased in lead-injected rats as compared with control group. The combined treatment with epicatechin and lycopene justify these levels to nearly normal values. The erythrocyte level of total glutathione was decreased in lead-injected rats as compared with control group (p < 0.001). The combined effect is significantly higher than individual treatment lycopene alone or epicatechin. A negative correlation was found between the blood lead and SOD (r = -0.6) and glutathione (r = -0.81) while a positive correlation with MDA level (r = 0.7). © SAGE Publications 2011.


PubMed | King Abdualziz University
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Human & experimental toxicology | Year: 2011

Seafood is considered by nutritionists to be a high source of omega 3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) which are involved in prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study is firstly to detect the presence of organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in some fresh seafood of Red Sea commonly used in KSA in relation to its contents. It was found that the fatty acids 18:2n-6, 18:3n-6, 18:3n-9 was statistically significantly higher in fresh samples than frozen (p < 0.05), smoked (p < 0.01) and canned fishes (p < 0.05), respectively. Total lipids and cholesterol content of canned and smoked fishes were significantly higher than fresh and frozen samples (p < 0.01, <0.05 and p < 0.01, <0.05). Vitamin D was found to be lower in frozen samples than fresh, smoked and canned (p < 0.05 for each). While vitamin A was higher in fresh and smoked as compared with frozen and canned samples. No organochlorine tested were detected in either fresh or processed samples (smoked, frozen and canned). Among the heavy metals, the highest lead level was detected in fresh and smoked samples as compared with frozen and canned samples. No correlation was found between organochlorine compounds in fish and the corresponding levels in fatty acids. We concluded that, all fishes are safe for uses but it is preferable to use fresh samples due to its high content of PUFA and low lead level.


PubMed | King Abdualziz University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Toxicology and industrial health | Year: 2012

Osteoporosis represents a major public health problem through its association with fragility fractures, primarily of the hip, spine and distal forearm. The risk of osteoporosis increased in postmenopausal women due to decline in estrogen levels. Replicable hormone therapy is associated with undesirable side effects. Cod liver oil (CLO) is a rich source of docosahexaenoic acid eicosapentaenoic acid linolenic acid and vitamins A, E and D. In this study, the effect of CLO will be tested in the prevention of bone loss in the ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. One group of OVX rats (n = 12) received an estrogen implantation at the time of operation and the second group was supplemented orally with CLO (200 l/kg body weight) daily for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, blood was analysed for serum calcium, phosphorous, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and estrogen and femur for calcium determination. Estrogen implantation as well as CLO supplementation in OVX rats increased the calcium level in femur as compared with sham rats (p < 0.05). It is concluded that supplementation of CLO have a positive effect on bone mineralization in rat, and this could offer a new strategy to avoid the side effects of replaceable hormonal therapy.

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