KIMS University

Karād, India

KIMS University

Karād, India
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Sayana S.B.,KIMS University | Khanwelkar C.C.,KIMS University | Chavan V.R.,RIMS | Ramesh B.H.,RIMS | Naveen Kumar S.,RIMS
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Background: In ayurvedic system of medicine a vast number of medicinal plants are reported to possess with antiurolithic activity. Aim: To study the antiurolithic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira (AERCP) in chemicals induced urolithiasis in albino rats. Materials and Methods: Nine Groups of albino rats (n=6) were used to evaluate the antiurolithic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of C.Pareira. Group I received with rat chow diet, Group II with 2% Ammonium chloride (AC) and 0.75% Ethylene glycol (EG) Group III with EG plus AC and cystone (5ml/kg), Groups IV, V, VI with low (100 mg/kg), medium (200 mg/kg), and high (400 mg/kg) doses of root extract, Groups VII, VIII, IX with EG plus AC and low (100 mg/kg), medium (200 mg/kg), and high (400 mg/kg) doses of root extract respectively for 10 days. Urolithiasis was induced by supplying drinking water mixed with 2% Ammonium chloride and 0.75% Ethylene glycol for 10 days. On 11th day three rats from each Group were kept in one metabolic cage and urine (pooled) collected for 24h was subjected for estimation of biochemical parameters like urinary calcium, uric acid and magnesium. Blood was collected on the same day and analysed for various parameters. Kidneys were observed for the histopathological changes. Results: The rats treated with alcoholic extract of roots of C. pareira at 03 different doses significantly (p≤ 0.05) reduced urinary calcium, uric acid and s rats.


Sayana S.B.,KIMS University | Khanwelkar C.C.,KIMS University | Chavan V.R.,RIMS | Kotagiri K.,Quintiles
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Background: In congestive heart failure, nephritis, toxemia of pregnancy, premenstrual tension and hypertension associated with oedema diuretic compounds are much helpful to relieve these conditions. Aims: To study the diuretic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira by Lipschitz method in albino rats. Methods and Material: Five groups of Albino rats were used to evaluate the diuretic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira by using metabolic cages. The group I serves as normal control received vehicle (2% CMC in normal saline), group II with Furosemide (10 mg/Kg, p.o), Groups III, IV and V with low (100 mg/kg), medium (200 mg/kg), and high (400 mg/kg) doses of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira respectively. Immediately after the alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira treatment all the rats were hydrated with saline (15 ml/kg, p.o) and 2 animals placed in each metabolic cage, kept at 21°C±0.5°C. No food and water was made available to animals for 5 hour. The total volume of urine collected with each metabolic cage was measured at the end of 5 hour. Various parameters like total urine volume and concentration of different ions i.e.; Sodium, Potassium, Chloride in the urine were measured.Results: In this model when compared to control group the alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira treated groups at different dose levels (100,200 and 400 mg/kg) have noted with significant increase in the urine volume and also significantly enhanced the excretion of Sodium, Potassium and Chloride ions in urine.Conclusion: Results showed that single dose administration of standard Furosemide and alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira significantly (p<0.05*, p<0.01**, p<0.001***) increased the urine output along with an increase in elimination of Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride ions. Alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira 400 mg/Kg produced a comparable diuretic activity with standard Furosemide.


PubMed | Tutor, KIMS University and Professor and HOD
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

In ayurvedic system of medicine a vast number of medicinal plants are reported to possess with antiurolithic activity.To study the antiurolithic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira (AERCP) in chemicals induced urolithiasis in albino rats.Nine Groups of albino rats (n=6) were used to evaluate the antiurolithic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of C.Pareira. Group I received with rat chow diet, Group II with 2% Ammonium chloride (AC) and 0.75% Ethylene glycol (EG) Group III with EG plus AC and cystone (5 ml/kg), Groups IV, V, VI with low (100 mg/kg), medium (200 mg/kg), and high (400 mg/kg) doses of root extract, Groups VII, VIII, IX with EG plus AC and low (100 mg/kg), medium (200 mg/kg), and high (400 mg/kg) doses of root extract respectively for 10 days. Urolithiasis was induced by supplying drinking water mixed with 2% Ammonium chloride and 0.75% Ethylene glycol for 10 days. On 11th day three rats from each Group were kept in one metabolic cage and urine (pooled) collected for 24h was subjected for estimation of biochemical parameters like urinary calcium, uric acid and magnesium. Blood was collected on the same day and analysed for various parameters. Kidneys were observed for the histopathological changes.The rats treated with alcoholic extract of roots of C. pareira at 03 different doses significantly (p 0.05) reduced urinary calcium, uric acid and increased urinary magnesium levels, reduced serum calcium, creatinine and increased serum magnesium. Rats treated with 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg doses revealed less tissue damage and the cytology of the nephrotic tissue was almost similar to normal control Group I rats.RESULTS showed that alcoholic extract of roots of C. pareira has exhibited a significant antiurolithic effect against urolithiasis in experimental rats.


PubMed | KIMS University, Professor & HOD and Quintiles
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

In congestive heart failure, nephritis, toxemia of pregnancy, premenstrual tension and hypertension associated with oedema diuretic compounds are much helpful to relieve these conditions.To study the diuretic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira by Lipschitz method in albino rats.Five groups of Albino rats were used to evaluate the diuretic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira by using metabolic cages. The group I serves as normal control received vehicle (2% CMC in normal saline), group II with Furosemide (10 mg/Kg, p.o), Groups III, IV and V with low (100 mg/kg), medium (200 mg/kg), and high (400 mg/kg) doses of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira respectively. Immediately after the alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira treatment all the rats were hydrated with saline (15 ml/kg, p.o) and 2 animals placed in each metabolic cage, kept at 21C0.5C. No food and water was made available to animals for 5 hour. The total volume of urine collected with each metabolic cage was measured at the end of 5 hour. Various parameters like total urine volume and concentration of different ions i.e.; Sodium, Potassium , Chloride in the urine were measured.In this model when compared to control group the alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira treated groups at different dose levels (100,200 and 400 mg/kg) have noted with significant increase in the urine volume and also significantly enhanced the excretion of Sodium, Potassium and Chloride ions in urine.RESULTS showed that single dose administration of standard Furosemide and alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira significantly (p<0.05*, p<0.01(**), p<0.001***) increased the urine output along with an increase in elimination of Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride ions. Alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelos pareira 400 mg/Kg produced a comparable diuretic activity with standard Furosemide.


Mohite R.V.,KIMS University | Mohite V.R.,Krishna Institute of Nursing science
Indian Journal of Leprosy | Year: 2012

After integration of leprosy services into general health care services, peripheral health care workers played important role in leprosy elimination. The objectives of present study are to assess the knowledge and work performance of multi-purpose workers and it's correlation towards eradication of leprosy under national leprosy eradication programme in Satara district. The cross sectional study was conducted over a period of 6 months includes 71 Primary health centres (PHCs) and 6 Urban leprosy centres (ULCs) providing leprosy services to whole Satara district, Maharashtra. Random sampling technique was used to select study subjects (Multi-purpose workers, MPWs) and data was collected by using pre-tested semi structured proforma by personal interview method. Percentage distribution and statistical association between knowledge and work performance was analysed. More than 88.31% MPWs had good knowledge about leprosy and National leprosy eradication programme (NLEP), similarly more than 88.42 % showed good work performance under NLEP in Satara district. Significant statistical association was existed between age and work experience of 2 2 MPWs with their work performance under NLEP (X2=11.2, p=0.023* and X2=10.1, p=0.038*). Significant correlation was also observed between knowledge of MPWs about leprosy and NLEP with their work performance under NLEP (r=0.66, p=0.001*). Satara district achieved leprosy elimination which was mainly due to very good knowledge and quality work performance by multi-purpose workers. © Hind Kusht Nivaran Sangh, New Delhi.


Pratinidhi A.,KIMS University | Gandham S.,RCSM GMC | Shrotri A.,BJMC | Patil A.,DHS Inc | Pardeshi S.,BJMC
Indian Journal of Community Medicine | Year: 2010

Background: Use of 'Mishri' (Tobacco containing teeth cleaning powder) is common in the central and southern part of India. Objectives: To study the effects of Mishri use on the fetus during pregnancy and the perinatal outcome, and stopping its use. Materials and Methods: All apparently healthy pregnant women were enrolled at 20 weeks of gestation from rural Maharashtra, India. Information related to use and giving up of Mishri, previous obstetrical history, current pregnancy, delivery and outcome during the perinatal period were recorded. Appropriate tests of significance were applied. Results: Out of 705 enrolled pregnant women, 218 (30.9%) were using Mishri. The proportion of women with complications during the previous perinatal period, complaints and complications during the current pregnancy/delivery and the number of stillbirths were significantly more among Mishri users. A relative risk of abnormal delivery was 2.7 for the users. In spite of counseling, 153 women never stopped the use of Mishri and gave birth to babies weighing on an average 169.9 gm less (statistically significant) than babies born from the group that never used it. Babies of 28.8% who stopped/reduced consumption of Mishri were significantly benefited. Conclusions: The improvement seen in babies born to 28.8% mothers who stopped/reduced consumption of Mishri by 32 weeks during the current pregnancy is of paramount importance in the developing world for primary prevention of low birth weight.


Nade V.S.,P.A. College | Yadav A.V.,KIMS University
Pharmaceutical Biology | Year: 2010

Context: Restraint stress is a well-known method to induce chronic stress which leads to alterations in various behavioral and biochemical parameters. Objective: The present work was designed to study anti-stress effects of Morus alba in chronic restraint stress (RS)-induced perturbations in behavioral, biochemical and brain oxidative stress status. Materials and methods: The stress was produced by restraining the animals inside an adjustable cylindrical plastic tube for 3h once daily for ten consecutive days. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Morus alba (EASF) 25, 50, 100mg/kg and diazepam (1mg/kg) per day was administered 60min prior to the stress procedure. The behavioral and biochemical parameters such as open field, cognitive dysfunction; leucocytes count; blood glucose and corticosteroid levels were determined. On day 10, the rats were sacrificed and biochemical assessment of superoxide dismutase (SOD), lipid peroxidation (LPO), catalase (CAT), and glutathione reductase (GSH) in whole rat brain were performed. Results: Chronic restraint stress produced cognitive dysfunction, altered behavioral parameters, increased leucocytes count, SOD, LPO, glucose and corticosterone levels, with concomitant decrease in CAT and GSH activities. Gastric ulceration, adrenal gland and spleen weights were also used as the stress indices. All these RS induced perturbations were attenuated by EASF of Morus alba. Discussion: The results of the study suggest that in addition to its classically established pharmacological activities, the plant also has immense potential as an anti-stress agent of great therapeutic relevance. Conclusion: This study indicates the beneficial role of Morus alba for the treatment of oxidative stress-induced disorders. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Jagtap S.V.,KIMS University | Shukla D.B.,KIMS University | Jain A.,KIMS University | Jagtap S.S.,KIMS University
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

We are reporting a rare case of Complete Pentalogy of Cantrell (CPOC) with phocomelia and other associated anomalies such as encephalocoele, craniofacial defects, limb defects and a flexion deformity, with club foot in right lower limb. Antenatal ultrasonography done in a 20 year old primigravida revealed multiple thoraco-abdominal and CNS anomalies in a foetus with an average gestational age of 18.2 weeks. Foetal autopsy done following termination of the pregnancy revealed a combination of defects, based on which the diagnosis of Complete Pentalogy of Cantrell with associated anomalies was given. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of Complete Pentalogy of Cantrell with phocomelia which has been seen in the world.


Mohite R.V.,KIMS University
Indian journal of leprosy | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of national leprosy eradication programme (NLEP) in Satara District. A retrospective record based study was conducted in the district leprosy control unit with evaluation indicators like prevalence rate (PR), new case detection rate (NCDR), percentage of cases released from treatment, proportion of female cases among new cases, proportion of multi bacillary (MB) cases among new cases, proportion of grade-2 disability among new cases and proportion of child cases among new cases and trend was analyzed for statistical significance by using Chi-square test. During study period from year March 2003-04 to March 2007-08, there was decrease in PR of leprosy from 2.46/10000 population to 0.62/10000 population, NCDR decreased from 3.46/10000 population to 0.77/10000 population and trend was statistically significant (p<0.001*, P<0.001*) respectively. Declining trend of grade 2 disability among new cases was noted and this was statistically significant (p<0.01*). Proportion of female cases among new cases showed little fluctuation from 43.3% to 47.5% but trend was statistically significant (p<0.03*). Proportion of MB cases among new cases increased from 44.4% to 53.6% while proportion of child cases among new cases decreased from 16.5% to 12% and trend was statistically significant (p <0.001*, p<0.001*) respectively. The NLEP has a favorable impact towards elimination of leprosy in Satara District, Maharashtra.


PubMed | KIMS University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2014

We are reporting a rare case of Complete Pentalogy of Cantrell (CPOC) with phocomelia and other associated anomalies such as encephalocoele, craniofacial defects, limb defects and a flexion deformity, with club foot in right lower limb. Antenatal ultrasonography done in a 20 year old primigravida revealed multiple thoraco-abdominal and CNS anomalies in a foetus with an average gestational age of 18.2 weeks. Foetal autopsy done following termination of the pregnancy revealed a combination of defects, based on which the diagnosis of Complete Pentalogy of Cantrell with associated anomalies was given. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of Complete Pentalogy of Cantrell with phocomelia which has been seen in the world.

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