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Almaty, Kazakhstan

KIMEP University is an institution of higher education in Almaty, Kazakhstan. KIMEP is a private, non-profit university offering credit-based, North American-style degree curricula. Most classes are taught in English and strive to create and transfer knowledge relevant to Central Asian society. Wikipedia.

Ryu H.-S.,Korea University | Lee J.,KIMEP University
Communications in Computer and Information Science

By using empirical data collected from 870 manufacturing firms in Korea, the present study investigates the relationships between technological innovation (i.e., product and process innovations) and non-technological innovations (i.e., organizational and marketing innovations) and its overall innovation success with innovation initiatives. We highlight the business value of non-technological innovations by proposing its moderating effect on innovation success. We then argue that technological innovation exhibits a strong impact on innovation success only when non-technological innovations adequately strain the relationship between them. This study enhances the understanding of innovation in organizations by showing that the effective interaction between technological and non-technological innovations helps firms succeed in innovations and enhance firm performance. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. Source

Lee J.,KIMEP University | Lee J.-N.,Korea University
Behaviour and Information Technology

This study challenges the conventional assumption that online customers with high purchase intention routinely move to the purchase stage. To this end, the process of how online customers form purchase intention and behaviour is examined. On the basis of product value distribution (PVD), we propose that the hypothetically expected product value (i.e. PVD average) determines purchase intention, whereas the actual probability of attaining the expected product value (i.e. PVD variance) moderates purchase behaviour. This proposal indicates that the expected product value has significance only when repeated purchase is assumed given that most consumers do not repeatedly purchase the same product in reality. Thus, the actual probability of attaining the expected product value more critically affects customer behaviour than does its expected value. The effectiveness of the research model is verified by conducting a survey on 300 online mall shoppers in Korea. The results confirm model effectiveness. © 2014 Taylor & Francis. Source

The arrival of social and collaborative software applications (e.g., Facebook and LinkedIn), known as Web-2.0 applications, has provided an opportunity for consumers to express their opinions and knowledge. While consumers use Web-2.0 applications on a daily basis, organizations are struggling to embrace fully functioning Web-2.0 applications for their businesses. The types of initiatives for Web-2.0 and how they affect an organization's use of various Web-2.0 applications are investigated from a long-term perspective. The organizational supports and the efforts needed to implement Web-2.0 applications do not reveal their consequences immediately, so a term of five years between the measure of initiatives and their consequences is considered, and then the results of those organizational efforts are tracked. The initiatives are measured at the building stage of Web-2.0 (i.e., 2009) and performance is measured at a point when the adoption of Web-2.0 has matured (i.e., 2014). © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Mouraviev N.,KIMEP University | Kakabadse N.K.,University of Reading
Journal of Risk Research

In Kazakhstan, a transitional nation in Central Asia, the development of public-private partnerships (PPPs) is at its early stage and increasingly of strategic importance. This case study investigates risk allocation in an ongoing project: the construction and operation of 11 kindergartens in the city of Karaganda in the concession form for 14 years. Drawing on a conceptual framework of effective risk allocation, the study identifies principal PPP risks, provides a critical assessment of how and in what way each partner bears a certain risk, highlights the reasons underpinning risk allocation decisions and delineates the lessons learned. The findings show that the government has effectively transferred most risks to the private sector partner, whilst both partners share the demand risk of childcare services and the project default risk. The strong elements of risk allocation include clear assignment of parties responsibilities, streamlined financing schemes and incentives to complete the main project phases on time. However, risk allocation has missed an opportunity to create incentives for service quality improvements and take advantage of economies of scale. The most controversial element of risk allocation, as the study finds, is a revenue stream that an operator is supposed to receive from the provision of services unrelated to childcare, as neither partner is able to mitigate this revenue risk. The article concludes that in the kindergartens PPP, the government has achieved almost complete transfer of risks to the private sector partner. However, the costs of transfer are extensive government financial outlays that seriously compromise the PPP value for money. © 2013 Taylor & Francis. Source

This study investigates perceived risk and trust in relationship to the Diffusion of Innovation Theory [Rogers, E.M., 1962. Diffusion of innovations. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press; 1983. Diffusion of innovations. 3rd ed. New York: The Free Press] from a cultural perspective to understand the determinants of behavioural intent to adopt mobile commerce among the Y Generation in Kazakhstan. Surveys from 345 university-level students and subsequent structural equation modelling revealed perceived risk, trustworthiness and Rogers five innovation characteristics are important determinants. Perceived risk and trustworthiness are important determinants because of the high uncertainty avoidance characteristics of the Kazakh society. This study advances theory regarding culture- and generation-based characteristics to transition economies by verifying theoretical proposition regarding the behavioural intent towards mobile commerce adoption, resulting in a greater understanding of mobile commerce adoption among the Y Generation in transition economies. Marketing implications are discussed. © 2013 Taylor & Francis. Source

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