Kiev National University of Technologies and Design
Kiev National University of Technologies and Design
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-9. | Award Amount: 5.22M | Year: 2011
The focus of the project is on the development of fluorinated electrolyte/separator and binders in combination with active electrodes (anode LiC6 and cathode: LiNixMn2-xO4 - 4,7V) for high performing, safe and durable Li batteries. The main deliverables of the project are the development of cell prototypes capacity > 10 A.h on which performance assessment will be conducted. The AMELIE prototype performances will be assessed towards the following objectives for EV and PHEV applications: high specific energy: cells >200 Wh/kg, improved life time: > 1000 cycles, 80% DOD for EV applications, High calendar life: > 10 years, high recyclability / recovery/ reuse: battery components 85% recycled and improved competitiveness: <500 /kWh on prototype paving the way for mass production cost <150/ kWh. The utilization of higher performing inactive organic materials (polymers and ionomers) will enable to reduce the amount of the same materials while increasing the energy and power densities of the battery, and consequently decreasing the cost per kWh of the final battery. In addition, the reuse of the components will contribute to the cost reduction of the battery. To this end a complete Life Cycle Analysis of the new battery components will be performed. To take up these challenges, academic and private organisations have partnered up in the AMELIE consortium. As the developments in this field are extremely interconnected, improved Lithium ion batteries for automotive sector can be manufactured only by the synergistic optimisation of all their components: active materials and binders for electrodes, gel polymers, lithium salts and solvents for the ionic conductors. Although innovative materials are a key lever of such improvements, the cell design will be essential for both improved performances and safety.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2011.2.3-3 | Award Amount: 1.83M | Year: 2012
2BFUNTEX will exploit the untapped potential in functional textile structures and textile related materials. It will bring together all innovation actors in the field fostering a multidisciplinary approach between universities, research institutes, SMEs (in textile 95% of the companies are SMEs) and sector associations. The 2BFUNTEX team will identify technological gaps and will eliminate barriers resulting in a faster industrial uptake of added value functional materials with new functionalities and improved performance and resulting in creation of new business worldwide. Technological needs will be mapped, new joint international research disciplines will be identified and multidisciplinary lab teams will be created between universities, research institutes and SME research departments. International cooperation will be favoured to exploit the worldwide market expansion potential. Industry will be involved at all stages of the process and will be able to adapt production methods, management and distribution in an early stage. The inventory will enlarge the team of important textile universities and renowned materials research centres and will identify new collaborations. Synergy will be reinforced and created which will enable to identify and develop new functional materials. Training material for research and industry purposes regarding functional materials will be elaborated and implemented European and worldwide. This material will be designed also for sector organisations to train technical people in their SMEs. It will allow a common language regarding functional textile structures and textile related materials, and will increase the number of well-trained people in this field. 2BFUNTEX will organise and participate in conferences, workshops and brokerage events. Along with a website with an extensive database comprising all information gained throughout the inventory phase, collaboration will be boosted and rapid industrial uptake catalysed and enhanced.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC.NMP.2010-1 | Award Amount: 5.04M | Year: 2011
SOMABAT aims to develop more environmental friendly, safer and better performing high power Li polymer battery by the development of novel breakthrough recyclable solid materials to be used as anode, cathode and solid polymer electrolyte, new alternatives to recycle the different components of the battery and cycle life analysis. This challenge will be achieved by using new low-cost synthesis and processing methods in which it is possible to tailor the different properties of the materials. Development of different novel synthetic and recyclable materials based carbon based hybrid materials, novel LiFePO4 and LiFeMnPO4 based nanocomposite cathode with a conductive polymers or carbons, and highly conductive electrolyte membranes with porous architecture based on fluorinated matrices with nanosized particles and others based on a series of polyphosphates and polyphosphonates polymers will respond to the very ambitious challenge of adequate energy density, lifetime and safety. An assessment and test of the potential recyclability and revalorisation of the battery components developed and life cycle assessment of the cell will allow the development of a more environmental friendly Li polymer battery in which a 50 % weight of the battery will be recyclable and a reduction of the final cost of the battery up to 150 /KWh. The consortium has made up with experts in the field and complementary in terms of R&D expertise and geographic distribution.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC.NMP.2010-1 | Award Amount: 4.49M | Year: 2011
LABOHR aims to develop Ultra High-Energy battery systems for automotive applications making use of lithium or novel alloy anodes, innovative O2 cathode operating in the liquid phase and a novel system for harvesting O2 from air, which can be regenerated during their operative life without need of disassembling. LABOHR has 5 key objectives: (i) development of a green and safe electrolyte chemistry based on non-volatile, non-flammable ionic liquids (ILs); (ii) use of novel nanostructured high capacity anodes in combination with ionic liquid-based electrolytes; (iii) use of novel 3-D nanostructured O2 cathodes making use of IL-based O2 carriers/electrolytes with the goal to understand and improve the electrode and electrolyte properties and thus their interactions; (iv) development of an innovative device capable of harvesting dry O2 from air; and (v) construction of fully integrated rechargeable lithium-Air cells with optimized electrodes, electrolytes, O2-harvesting system and other ancillaries. Accordingly, LABOHR aims to overcome the energy limitation for the application of the present Li-ion technology in electric vehicles with the goal to: 1- perform frontier research and breakthrough work to position Europe as a leader in the developing field of high energy, environmentally benign and safe batteries and to maintain the leadership in the field of ILs; 2- develop appropriate electrolytes and nanostructured electrodes which combination allows to realize ultra-high energy batteries; 3- develop a battery system concept as well as prototypes of the key components (cell and O2-harvesting device) to verify the feasibility of automotive systems with: A) specific energy and power higher than 500 Wh/kg and 200 W/kg; B) coulombic efficiency higher than 99% during cycling; C) cycle life of 1,000 cycles with 40% maximum loss of capacity, cycling between 90% and 10% SOC; and D) evaluate their integration in electric cars and renewable energy systems.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IAPP | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IAPP | Award Amount: 2.05M | Year: 2011
Supercapacitors, especially hybrid supercapacitors, are a very promising technology for application in plug-in hybrids, electric cars or the smart grid, which presents a number of interesting advantages over batteries with regard to specific power and cycle life. However, a number of research challenges remain. The Energy Caps project aims at developing a sustainable and safe hybrid supercapacitor with high specific energy and maintained high specific power and cyclability. For this purpose, five partners from two SMEs, one large company and two universities, located in four different European countries, will mutually second personnel to exchange their complementary knowledge. The research programme will involve the development of new electrodes, a high performance polymer separator and an optimized electrolyte mixture. Subsequently, these components will be combined, first in a lab cell and then in a larger prototype. The future recyclability of the novel components will be assessed throughout the project and towards the end the environmental impact of manufacturing and recycling process will be assessed. The project will combine academic knowledge about the novel hybrid supercapacitor concept, modelling and the mechanistic understanding of supercapacitors with industrial expertise in the area of material sciences, prototyping and industrial application of supercapacitors and recycling. The project has a balanced mixture of secondments (21 researchers, 142 month) and recruitments (4 researchers, 96 month). The secondment schedule was set-up to match the work plan and the transfer of knowledge will be supported by workshops between the partners involved in the project. Collectively, the consortium has the appropriate combination of expertise and equipment to execute the project. The project will initiate a long-lasting collaboration between the partners and will result in a commercially exploitable supercapacitor concept.
Chouprina N.V.,Kiev National University of Technologies and Design
Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Seriya Teknologiya Tekstil'noi Promyshlennosti | Year: 2015
The aspects of co-operation of participants of fashion industry are considered in the process of introduction of fashion innovations and satisfaction of consumer demand in fashion standards and products of fashion. © 2015 r.
Plavan V.,Kiev National University of Technologies and Design
Journal of the Society of Leather Technologies and Chemists | Year: 2012
The studies carried out have shown that chitosan possesses high cross-linking properties enabling it to be used for intensifying the process of chrome tanning thus decreasing the consumption of chromium salts and, at the same time, increasing the shrinkage temperature of the leather. IRspectroscopy has shown that interaction between chitosan and collagen is likely to involve oxygen from the C-O-C groups, hydroxyl groups and amine groups of chitosan and the functional groups of collagen, which form bonds of different types. On increasing the consumption of chitosan in treating hides there is rise in the maximum destruction rate temperature for dermal collagen, which was obtained by DTA for chitosan-chromium-tanned leather. The optimum consumption of formic chitosan is 2% of the hide mass at a chromium level of 0.5% of the hide mass calculated as chromium oxide. In this case, the necessary plasto-elastic properties of the leather are provided, and the shrinkage temperature is 92°C.
Chouprina N.V.,Kiev National University of Technologies and Design
Vlakna a Textil | Year: 2014
The research contains the analysis of main principles, making the «fast-fashion» concept successful, reveals the key criteria, according to which the brands are classified as «fast-fashion». The present publication reflects the core principles of fashion business entities activity within the «fast-fashion» segment and specifies the criteria of singling out the target consumer audience. The concept under consideration is viewed as a factor of fashion business vector transformation. The research claims that within the high-responsiveness concept the fashion product is being developed and manufactured based on mass-market customer demand, its attitude towards fashion changes and life-style, rather than designer approaches.
Savchenko B.M.,Kiev National University of Technologies and Design
International Polymer Science and Technology | Year: 2014
Features of measuring the rheological properties of polyesters are examined. The drying conditions of polymers are investigated. Rheological curves are plotted for polyethylene terephthalate and polycarbonate. © 2014 Smithers Information Ltd.
Bukhonka N.,Kiev National University of Technologies and Design
Industria Textila | Year: 2011
The paper is devoted to the experimentally investigations of the dimensional properties such as fabric density variations and dimensional constants parameters of the nine types single tuck stitches. The structures repeat at height consists of combination of two courses: plain and plain tuck stitches with different stitch repeat at the width, Rb. The fabrics are produced by the flat bed-knitting machine 10 gauge from j the 31.2 tex half-wool yarn. All measurements of the structures parameters are made on the fabrics after four cycles of washing in a domestic washing machine.