Gao X.,Kidney Institute of PLA |
Huang L.,Dongfang Hospital |
Huang L.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
Grosjean F.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine |
And 11 more authors.
Kidney International | Year: 2011
Dietary protein restriction is an important treatment for chronic kidney disease. Herein, we tested the effect of low-protein or low-protein plus ketoacids (KA) diet in a remnant kidney model. Rats with a remnant kidney were randomized to receive normal protein diet (22%), low-protein (6%) diet (LPD), or low-protein (5%) plus KA (1%) diet for 6 months. Protein restriction prevented proteinuria, decreased blood urea nitrogen levels, and renal lesions; however, the LPD retarded growth and decreased serum albumin levels. Supplementation with KA corrected these abnormalities and provided superior renal protection compared with protein restriction alone. The levels of Kruppel-like factor-15 (KLF15), a transcription factor shown to reduce cardiac fibrosis, were decreased in remnant kidneys. Protein restriction, which increased KLF15 levels in the normal kidney, partially recovered the levels of KLF15 in remnant kidney. The expression of KLF15 in mesangial cells was repressed by oxidative stress, transforming growth factor-Β, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The suppressive effect of TNF-α on KLF15 expression was mediated by TNF receptor-1 and nuclear factor-B. Overexpression of KLF15 in mesangial and HEK293 cells significantly decreased fibronectin and type IV collagen mRNA levels. Furthermore, KLF15 knockout mice developed glomerulosclerosis following uninephrectomy. Thus, KLF15 may be an antifibrotic factor in the kidney, and its decreased expression may contribute to the progression of kidney disease. © 2011 International Society of Nephrology.
Shi H.,Kidney Institute of PLA |
Liu X.,Shanghai University |
Tang G.,Shanghai University |
Liu H.,The 401 hospital of PLA |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Translational Research | Year: 2014
Acute hepatic injury causes high morbidity and mortality world-wide. Management of severe acute hepatic failure continues to be one of the most challenging problems in clinical medicine. In present study, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) was used to induce acute liver damage in mice and the protective effects of ethanol extract of Portulaca Oleracea L. (PO) were examined. The aminotransferase activities were biochemical estimated and the liver damage was tested by morphological histological analysis and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The role of PO on the activity of NF-κB was determined by luciferase reporter gene assay and immunohistochemistry. The level of p-p65 was tested by western blot. Our results showed that PO administration on mice would decrease the serum aminotransferase level and reduced the liver histological damage. We also found that nuclear translocation of p65 was enhanced in liver tissues of mice treated with PO compared with control animals. In addition, in cultured hepatic cells, PO increased the NF-κB luciferase reporter gene activity and upregu-lated the level of phosphorylation of p65, but had no effects on mice liver SOD activity and MDA level. Collectively PO attenuated CCl4 induced mice liver damage by enhancement of NF-κB activity. © 2014, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.